dictionar englez roman

Arbitration of exchange


2 dicționare găsite pentru arbitration of exchange
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Arbitration \Ar`bi*tra"tion\, n. [F. arbitration, L. arbitratio,
     fr. arbitrari.]
     The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in
     controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: This may be done by one person; but it is usual to
           choose two or three called arbitrators; or for each
           party to choose one, and these to name a third, who is
           called the umpire. Their determination is called the
           award. --Bouvier
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Arbitration bond, a bond which obliges one to abide by the
        award of an arbitration.
  
     Arbitration of Exchange, the operation of converting the
        currency of one country into that of another, or
        determining the rate of exchange between such countries or
        currencies. An arbitrated rate is one determined by such
        arbitration through the medium of one or more intervening
        currencies.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  exchange \ex*change"\ ([e^]ks*ch[=a]nj"), n. [OE. eschange,
     eschaunge, OF. eschange, fr. eschangier, F. ['e]changer, to
     exchange; pref. ex- out + F. changer. See Change, and cf.
     Excamb.]
     1. The act of giving or taking one thing in return for
        another which is regarded as an equivalent; as, an
        exchange of cattle for grain.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The act of substituting one thing in the place of another;
        as, an exchange of grief for joy, or of a scepter for a
        sword, and the like; also, the act of giving and receiving
        reciprocally; as, an exchange of civilities or views.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The thing given or received in return; esp., a publication
        exchanged for another. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Com.) The process of setting accounts or debts between
        parties residing at a distance from each other, without
        the intervention of money, by exchanging orders or drafts,
        called bills of exchange. These may be drawn in one
        country and payable in another, in which case they are
        called foreign bills; or they may be drawn and made
        payable in the same country, in which case they are called
        inland bills. The term bill of exchange is often
        abbreviated into exchange; as, to buy or sell exchange.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: A in London is creditor to B in New York, and C in
           London owes D in New York a like sum. A in London draws
           a bill of exchange on B in New York; C in London
           purchases the bill, by which A receives his debt due
           from B in New York. C transmits the bill to D in New
           York, who receives the amount from B.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Law) A mutual grant of equal interests, the one in
        consideration of the other. Estates exchanged must be
        equal in quantity, as fee simple for fee simple.
        --Blackstone.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. The place where the merchants, brokers, and bankers of a
        city meet at certain hours, to transact business; also,
        the institution which sets regulations and maintains the
        physical facilities of such a place; as, the New York
        Stock Exchange; a commodity exchange. In this sense the
        word was at one time often contracted to 'change
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     Arbitration of exchange. See under Arbitration.
  
     Bill of exchange. See under Bill.
  
     Exchange broker. See under Broker.
  
     Par of exchange, the established value of the coin or
        standard of value of one country when expressed in the
        coin or standard of another, as the value of the pound
        sterling in the currency of France or the United States.
        The par of exchange rarely varies, and serves as a measure
        for the rise and fall of exchange that is affected by the
        demand and supply. Exchange is at par when, for example, a
        bill in New York, for the payment of one hundred pounds
        sterling in London, can be purchased for the sum. Exchange
        is in favor of a place when it can be purchased there at
        or above par.
  
     Telephone exchange, a central office in which the wires of
        any two telephones or telephone stations may be connected
        to permit conversation.
  
     Syn: Barter; dealing; trade; traffic; interchange.
          [1913 Webster]

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