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To make shift


2 dicționare găsite pentru to make shift
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Shift \Shift\, n. [Cf. Icel. skipti. See Shift, v. t.]
     1. The act of shifting. Specifically:
        (a) The act of putting one thing in the place of another,
            or of changing the place of a thing; change;
            substitution.
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                  My going to Oxford was not merely for shift of
                  air.                              --Sir H.
                                                    Wotton.
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        (b) A turning from one thing to another; hence, an
            expedient tried in difficulty; often, an evasion; a
            trick; a fraud. "Reduced to pitiable shifts."
            --Macaulay.
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                  I 'll find a thousand shifts to get away.
                                                    --Shak.
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                  Little souls on little shifts rely. --Dryden.
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     2. Something frequently shifted; especially, a woman's
        under-garment; a chemise.
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     3. The change of one set of workmen for another; hence, a
        spell, or turn, of work; also, a set of workmen who work
        in turn with other sets; as, a night shift.
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     4. In building, the extent, or arrangement, of the
        overlapping of plank, brick, stones, etc., that are placed
        in courses so as to break joints.
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     5. (Mining) A breaking off and dislocation of a seam; a
        fault.
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     6. (Mus.) A change of the position of the hand on the finger
        board, in playing the violin.
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     To make shift, to contrive or manage in an exigency. "I
        shall make shift to go without him." --Shak.
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              [They] made a shift to keep their own in Ireland.
                                                    --Milton.
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Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  make \make\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. made (m[=a]d); p. pr. & vb.
     n. making.] [OE. maken, makien, AS. macian; akin to OS.
     mak?n, OFries. makia, D. maken, G. machen, OHG. mahh?n to
     join, fit, prepare, make, Dan. mage. Cf. Match an equal.]
     1. To cause to exist; to bring into being; to form; to
        produce; to frame; to fashion; to create. Hence, in
        various specific uses or applications:
        (a) To form of materials; to cause to exist in a certain
            form; to construct; to fabricate.
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                  He . . . fashioned it with a graving tool, after
                  he had made it a molten calf.     --Ex. xxxii.
                                                    4.
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        (b) To produce, as something artificial, unnatural, or
            false; -- often with up; as, to make up a story.
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                  And Art, with her contending, doth aspire
                  To excel the natural with made delights.
                                                    --Spenser.
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        (c) To bring about; to bring forward; to be the cause or
            agent of; to effect, do, perform, or execute; -- often
            used with a noun to form a phrase equivalent to the
            simple verb that corresponds to such noun; as, to make
            complaint, for to complain; to make record of, for to
            record; to make abode, for to abide, etc.
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                  Call for Samson, that he may make us sport.
                                                    --Judg. xvi.
                                                    25.
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                  Wealth maketh many friends.       --Prov. xix.
                                                    4.
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                  I will neither plead my age nor sickness in
                  excuse of the faults which I have made.
                                                    --Dryden.
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        (d) To execute with the requisite formalities; as, to make
            a bill, note, will, deed, etc.
        (e) To gain, as the result of one's efforts; to get, as
            profit; to make acquisition of; to have accrue or
            happen to one; as, to make a large profit; to make an
            error; to make a loss; to make money.
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                  He accuseth Neptune unjustly who makes shipwreck
                  a second time.                    --Bacon.
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        (f) To find, as the result of calculation or computation;
            to ascertain by enumeration; to find the number or
            amount of, by reckoning, weighing, measurement, and
            the like; as, he made the distance of; to travel over;
            as, the ship makes ten knots an hour; he made the
            distance in one day.
        (h) To put in a desired or desirable condition; to cause
            to thrive.
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                  Who makes or ruins with a smile or frown.
                                                    --Dryden.
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     2. To cause to be or become; to put into a given state verb,
        or adjective; to constitute; as, to make known; to make
        public; to make fast.
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              Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? --Ex.
                                                    ii. 14.
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              See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh. --Ex. vii.
                                                    1.
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     Note: When used reflexively with an adjective, the reflexive
           pronoun is often omitted; as, to make merry; to make
           bold; to make free, etc.
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     3. To cause to appear to be; to constitute subjectively; to
        esteem, suppose, or represent.
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              He is not that goose and ass that Valla would make
              him.                                  --Baker.
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     4. To require; to constrain; to compel; to force; to cause;
        to occasion; -- followed by a noun or pronoun and
        infinitive.
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     Note: In the active voice the to of the infinitive is usually
           omitted.
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                 I will make them hear my words.    --Deut. iv.
                                                    10.
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                 They should be made to rise at their early hour.
                                                    --Locke.
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     5. To become; to be, or to be capable of being, changed or
        fashioned into; to do the part or office of; to furnish
        the material for; as, he will make a good musician; sweet
        cider makes sour vinegar; wool makes warm clothing.
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              And old cloak makes a new jerkin.     --Shak.
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     6. To compose, as parts, ingredients, or materials; to
        constitute; to form; to amount to; as, a pound of ham
        makes a hearty meal.
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              The heaven, the air, the earth, and boundless sea,
              Make but one temple for the Deity.    --Waller.
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     7. To be engaged or concerned in. [Obs.]
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              Gomez, what makest thou here, with a whole
              brotherhood of city bailiffs?         --Dryden.
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     8. To reach; to attain; to arrive at or in sight of. "And
        make the Libyan shores." --Dryden.
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              They that sail in the middle can make no land of
              either side.                          --Sir T.
                                                    Browne.
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     To make a bed, to prepare a bed for being slept on, or to
        put it in order.
  
     To make a card (Card Playing), to take a trick with it.
  
     To make account. See under Account, n.
  
     To make account of, to esteem; to regard.
  
     To make away.
        (a) To put out of the way; to kill; to destroy. [Obs.]
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                  If a child were crooked or deformed in body or
                  mind, they made him away.         --Burton.
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        (b) To alienate; to transfer; to make over. [Obs.]
            --Waller.
  
     To make believe, to pretend; to feign; to simulate.
  
     To make bold, to take the liberty; to venture.
  
     To make the cards (Card Playing), to shuffle the pack.
  
     To make choice of, to take by way of preference; to choose.
        
  
     To make danger, to make experiment. [Obs.] --Beau. & Fl.
  
     To make default (Law), to fail to appear or answer.
  
     To make the doors, to shut the door. [Obs.]
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              Make the doors upon a woman's wit, and it will out
              at the casement.                      --Shak.
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     To make free with. See under Free, a.
  
     To make good. See under Good.
  
     To make head, to make headway.
  
     To make light of. See under Light, a.
  
     To make little of.
        (a) To belittle.
        (b) To accomplish easily.
  
     To make love to. See under Love, n.
  
     To make meat, to cure meat in the open air. [Colloq.
        Western U. S.]
  
     To make merry, to feast; to be joyful or jovial.
  
     To make much of, to treat with much consideration,,
        attention, or fondness; to value highly.
  
     To make no bones. See under Bone, n.
  
     To make no difference, to have no weight or influence; to
        be a matter of indifference.
  
     To make no doubt, to have no doubt.
  
     To make no matter, to have no weight or importance; to make
        no difference.
  
     To make oath (Law), to swear, as to the truth of something,
        in a prescribed form of law.
  
     To make of.
        (a) To understand or think concerning; as, not to know
            what to make of the news.
        (b) To pay attention to; to cherish; to esteem; to
            account. "Makes she no more of me than of a slave."
            --Dryden.
  
     To make one's law (Old Law), to adduce proof to clear one's
        self of a charge.
  
     To make out.
        (a) To find out; to discover; to decipher; as, to make out
            the meaning of a letter.
        (b) to gain sight of; to recognize; to discern; to descry;
            as, as they approached the city, he could make out the
            tower of the Chrysler Building.
        (c) To prove; to establish; as, the plaintiff was unable
            to make out his case.
        (d) To make complete or exact; as, he was not able to make
            out the money.
        (d) to write out; to write down; -- used especially of a
            bank check or bill; as, he made out a check for the
            cost of the dinner; the workman made out a bill and
            handed it to him.
  
     To make over, to transfer the title of; to convey; to
        alienate; as, he made over his estate in trust or in fee.
        
  
     To make sail. (Naut.)
        (a) To increase the quantity of sail already extended.
        (b) To set sail.
  
     To make shift, to manage by expedients; as, they made shift
        to do without it. [Colloq.].
  
     To make sternway, to move with the stern foremost; to go or
        drift backward.
  
     To make strange, to act in an unfriendly manner or as if
        surprised; to treat as strange; as, to make strange of a
        request or suggestion.
  
     To make suit to, to endeavor to gain the favor of; to
        court.
  
     To make sure. See under Sure.
  
     To make up.
        (a) To collect into a sum or mass; as, to make up the
            amount of rent; to make up a bundle or package.
        (b) To reconcile; to compose; as, to make up a difference
            or quarrel.
        (c) To supply what is wanting in; to complete; as, a
            dollar is wanted to make up the stipulated sum.
        (d) To compose, as from ingredients or parts; to shape,
            prepare, or fabricate; as, to make up a mass into
            pills; to make up a story.
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                  He was all made up of love and charms!
                                                    --Addison.
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        (e) To compensate; to make good; as, to make up a loss.
        (f) To adjust, or to arrange for settlement; as, to make
            up accounts.
        (g) To dress and paint for a part, as an actor; as, he was
            well made up.
  
     To make up a face, to distort the face as an expression of
        pain or derision.
  
     To make up one's mind, to reach a mental determination; to
        resolve.
  
     To make way, or To make one's way.
        (a) To make progress; to advance.
        (b) To open a passage; to clear the way.
  
     To make words, to multiply words.
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