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Turkey


9 dicționare găsite pentru turkey
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Turkey \Tur"key\, pr. n. [Cf. 2d Turkey.]
     A country in the southeast of Europe and southwest of Asia.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Turkey carpet, a superior kind of carpet made in Asia Minor
        and adjoining countries, having a deep pile and composed
        of pure wool with a weft of different material. It is
        distinguishable by its coloring and patterns from similar
        carpets made in India and elsewhere.
  
     Turkey oak. (Bot.) See Cerris.
  
     Turkey red.
     (a) A brilliant red imparted by madder to cottons, calicoes,
         etc., the fiber of which has been prepared previously
         with oil or other fatty matter.
     (b) Cloth dyed with this red.
  
     Turkey sponge. (Zool.) See Toilet sponge, under Sponge.
        
  
     Turkey stone, a kind of oilstone from Turkey; novaculite;
        -- called also Turkey oilstone.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Turkey \Tur"key\ (t[^u]r"k[=e]), n.; pl. Turkeys. [So called
     because it was formerly erroneously believed that it came
     originally from Turkey: cf. F. Turquie Turkey. See Turk.]
     (Zool.)
     Any large American gallinaceous bird belonging to the genus
     Meleagris, especially the North American wild turkey
     ({Meleagris gallopavo), and the domestic turkey, which was
     probably derived from the Mexican wild turkey, but had been
     domesticated by the Indians long before the discovery of
     America.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The Mexican wild turkey is now considered a variety of
           the northern species (var. Mexicana). Its tail feathers
           and coverts are tipped with white instead of brownish
           chestnut, and its flesh is white. The Central American,
           or ocellated, turkey ({Meleagris ocellata) is more
           elegantly colored than the common species. See under
           Ocellated. The Australian, or native, turkey is a
           bustard ({Choriotis australis). See under Native.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Turkey beard (Bot.), a name of certain American perennial
        liliaceous herbs of the genus Xerophyllum. They have a
        dense tuft of hard, narrowly linear radical leaves, and a
        long raceme of small whitish flowers. Also called
        turkey's beard.
  
     Turkey berry (Bot.), a West Indian name for the fruit of
        certain kinds of nightshade ({Solanum mammosum, and
        Solanum torvum).
  
     Turkey bird (Zool.), the wryneck. So called because it
        erects and ruffles the feathers of its neck when
        disturbed. [Prov. Eng.]
  
     Turkey buzzard (Zool.), a black or nearly black buzzard
        ({Cathartes aura), abundant in the Southern United
        States. It is so called because its naked and warty head
        and neck resemble those of a turkey. It is noted for its
        high and graceful flight. Called also turkey vulture.
  
     Turkey cock (Zool.), a male turkey.
  
     Turkey hen (Zool.), a female turkey.
  
     Turkey pout (Zool.), a young turkey. [R.]
  
     Turkey vulture (Zool.), the turkey buzzard.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  turkey
       n 1: large gallinaceous bird with fan-shaped tail; widely
            domesticated for food [syn: Meleagris gallopavo]
       2: a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; achieved
          independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1923 [syn: Republic
          of Turkey]
       3: a person who does something thoughtless or annoying; "some
          joker is blocking the driveway" [syn: joker]
       4: flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted
       5: an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual; "the
          first experiment was a real turkey"; "the meeting was a
          dud as far as new business was concerned" [syn: bomb, dud]
       6: wild turkey of Central America and northern South America
          [syn: ocellated turkey, Agriocharis ocellata]

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  76 Moby Thesaurus words for "turkey":
     Bantam, Cornish hen, banty, barn-door fowl, barnyard fowl, biddy,
     bomb, broiler, brooder, broody hen, bust, caille, canard, caneton,
     capon, chanticleer, chapon, chick, chickabiddy, chicken, chicky,
     cock, cockerel, dindon, domestic fowl, drake, duck, duckling,
     dull thud, dunghill fowl, faisan, fizzle, flat failure, flop,
     floperoo, fowl, frost, fryer, game fowl, gander, gobbler, goose,
     gosling, grouse, guinea cock, guinea fowl, guinea hen, hen,
     hen turkey, lemon, oie, partlet, partridge, pheasant, pigeon,
     pigeonneau, poulard, poulet, poult, poultry, pullet, quail,
     roaster, rooster, setting hen, spring chicken, squab,
     stewing chicken, tom, tom turkey, total loss, turkey gobbler,
     turkey-cock, volaille, washout, wild duck  
     
Din dicționarul THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993) :

  TURKEY, n.  A large bird whose flesh when eaten on certain religious
  anniversaries has the peculiar property of attesting piety and
  gratitude.  Incidentally, it is pretty good eating.
  
  

Din dicționarul CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Turkey
  
     Introduction Turkey
     -------------------
                              Background: Turkey was created in 1923 from the
                                          Turkish remnants of the Ottoman
                                          Empire. Soon thereafter the country
                                          instituted secular laws to replace
                                          traditional religious fiats. In 1945
                                          Turkey joined the UN and in 1952 it
                                          became a member of NATO. Turkey
                                          occupied the northern portion of
                                          Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek
                                          takeover of the island; relations
                                          between the two countries remain
                                          strained but have begun to improve
                                          over the past three years. In 1984,
                                          the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK),
                                          a Marxist-Leninist, separatist
                                          group, initiated an insurgency in
                                          Southeast Turkey, often using
                                          terrorist tactics to try to attain
                                          its goal of an independent
                                          Kurdistan. The group - whose leader,
                                          Abdullah OCALAN, was captured in
                                          Kenya in February 1999 and sentenced
                                          to death by a Turkish court - has
                                          observed a unilateral cease-fire
                                          since September 1999, although there
                                          have been occasional clashes between
                                          Turkish military units and some of
                                          the 4,000-5,000 armed PKK militants,
                                          most of whom currently are encamped
                                          in northern Iraq. The PKK changed
                                          its name to the Kurdistan Freedom
                                          and Democracy Congress (KADEK) in
                                          April 2002.
    
     Geography Turkey
     ----------------
                                Location: southeastern Europe and southwestern
                                          Asia (that portion of Turkey west of
                                          the Bosporus is geographically part
                                          of Europe), bordering the Black Sea,
                                          between Bulgaria and Georgia, and
                                          bordering the Aegean Sea and the
                                          Mediterranean Sea, between Greece
                                          and Syria
                  Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 35 00 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 780,580 sq km
                                          water: 9,820 sq km
                                          land: 770,760 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Texas
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,648 km
                                          border countries: Armenia 268 km,
                                          Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km,
                                          Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran
                                          499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km
                               Coastline: 7,200 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: in Black
                                          Sea only: to the maritime boundary
                                          agreed upon with the former USSR
                                          territorial sea: 6 NM in the Aegean
                                          Sea; 12 NM in Black Sea and in
                                          Mediterranean Sea
                                 Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with
                                          mild, wet winters; harsher in
                                          interior
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains; narrow coastal
                                          plain; high central plateau
                                          (Anatolia)
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m
                       Natural resources: antimony, coal, chromium, mercury,
                                          copper, borate, sulfur, iron ore,
                                          arable land, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 34.53%
                                          permanent crops: 3.36%
                                          other: 62.11% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 42,000 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: very severe earthquakes, especially
                                          in northern Turkey, along an arc
                                          extending from the Sea of Marmara to
                                          Lake Van
            Environment - current issues: water pollution from dumping of
                                          chemicals and detergents; air
                                          pollution, particularly in urban
                                          areas; deforestation; concern for
                                          oil spills from increasing Bosporus
                                          ship traffic
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic
                              agreements: Treaty, Biodiversity,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-
                                          Environmental Protocol,
                                          Environmental Modification
                        Geography - note: strategic location controlling the
                                          Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of
                                          Marmara, Dardanelles) that link
                                          Black and Aegean Seas; Mount Ararat,
                                          the legendary landing place of
                                          Noah's Ark, is in the far eastern
                                          portion of the country
    
     People Turkey
     -------------
                              Population: 67,308,928 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 27.8% (male 9,520,030;
                                          female 9,178,423)
                                          15-64 years: 65.9% (male 22,552,253;
                                          female 21,827,002)
                                          65 years and over: 6.3% (male
                                          1,946,523; female 2,284,697) (2002
                                          est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.2% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 17.95 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 5.95 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.02 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 45.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.52 years
                                          female: 74.01 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 69.15 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.07 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.01% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Turk(s)
                                          adjective: Turkish
                           Ethnic groups: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20%
                               Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other
                                          0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
                               Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic,
                                          Armenian, Greek
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 85%
                                          male: 94%
                                          female: 77% (2000)
    
     Government Turkey
     -----------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Turkey
                                          conventional short form: Turkey
                                          local long form: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti
    
                                          local short form: Turkiye
                         Government type: republican parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Ankara
                Administrative divisions: 81 provinces (iller, singular - il);
                                          Adana, Adiyaman, Afyon, Agri,
                                          Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya,
                                          Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir,
                                          Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik,
                                          Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa,
                                          Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli,
                                          Diyarbakir, Duzce, Edirne, Elazig,
                                          Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir,
                                          Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane,
                                          Hakkari, Hatay, Icel, Igdir,
                                          Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir,
                                          Kahramanmaras, Karabuk, Karaman,
                                          Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis,
                                          Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir,
                                          Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya,
                                          Manisa, Mardin, Mugla, Mus,
                                          Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye,
                                          Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanliurfa,
                                          Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas,
                                          Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli,
                                          Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak
                            Independence: 29 October 1923 (successor state to
                                          the Ottoman Empire)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 29 October (1923)
                            Constitution: 7 November 1982
                            Legal system: derived from various European
                                          continental legal systems; accepts
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with
                                          reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Ahmet
                                          Necdet SEZER (since 16 May 2000)
                                          elections: president elected by the
                                          National Assembly for a seven-year
                                          term; election last held 5 May 2000
                                          (next to be held NA May 2007); prime
                                          minister and deputy prime ministers
                                          appointed by the president
                                          note: a National Security Council
                                          serves as an advisory body to the
                                          president and the cabinet
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          nomination of the prime minister
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Bulent ECEVIT (since 11 January
                                          1999)
                                          election results: Ahmed Necdet SEZER
                                          elected president on the third
                                          ballot; percent of National Assembly
                                          vote - 60%
                                          note: president must have a two-
                                          thirds majority of the National
                                          Assembly on the first two ballots
                                          and a simple majority on the third
                                          ballot
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Grand National Assembly
                                          of Turkey or Turkiye Buyuk Millet
                                          Meclisi (550 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 18 April 1999
                                          (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - DSP
                                          136, MHP 130, FP 110, DYP 86, ANAP
                                          88; note - as of 11 January 2002
                                          seating was DSP 129, MHP 127, DYP
                                          84, ANAP 79, AK 53, Saadet 48,
                                          independents 20, vacancies 10
                         Judicial branch: Constitutional Court (judges are
                                          appointed by the president); Court
                                          of Appeals (judges are elected by
                                          the Supreme Council of Judges and
                                          Prosecutors)
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Left Party or DSP [Bulent
                                          ECEVIT]; Justice and Development
                                          Party or AK [Recep Tayip ERDOGAN];
                                          Motherland Party or ANAP [Mesut
                                          YILMAZ]; Nationalist Action Party or
                                          MHP [Devlet BAHCELI]; Saadet Party
                                          [Recai KUTAN]; note - KUTAN was head
                                          of the Virtue Party or FP which was
                                          banned by Turkey's Constitutional
                                          Court in June 2001; Socialist
                                          Democratic Party or TDP [Sema
                                          PISKINSUT]; True Path Party or DYP
                                          [Tansu CILLER]
            Political pressure groups and Confederation of Revolutionary
                                 leaders: Workers Unions or DISK [Ridvan
                                          BUDAK]; Independent Industrialists
                                          and Businessmen's Association or
                                          MUSIAD [Erol YARAR]; Moral Rights
                                          Workers Union or Hak-Is [Salim
                                          USLU]; Turkish Industrialists' and
                                          Businessmen's Association or TUSIAD
                                          [Muharrem KAYHAN]; Turkish
                                          Confederation of Employers' Unions
                                          or TISK [Refik BAYDUR]; Turkish
                                          Confederation of Labor or Turk-Is
                                          [Bayram MERAL]; Turkish Union of
                                          Chambers of Commerce and Commodity
                                          Exchanges or TOBB [Fuat MIRAS]
               International organization AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC,
                           participation: CCC, CE, CERN (observer), EAPC,
                                          EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, EU
                                          (applicant), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IEA,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer),
                                          ISO, ITU, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OIC, OPCW, OSCE,
                                          PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR,
                                          UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMIK,
                                          UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTAET, UPU, WEU
                                          (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Dr.
                                          Osman Faruk LOGOGLU
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 612-6744
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago,
                                          Houston, Los Angeles, and New York
                                          chancery: 2525 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 612-6700
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Robert
                                      US: W. PEARSON
                                          embassy: Ataturk Bulvari 110, Ankara
    
                                          mailing address: PSC 93, Box 5000,
                                          APO AE 09823
                                          telephone: [90] (312) 468-6110
                                          FAX: [90] (312) 467-0019
                                          consulate(s) general: Istanbul
                                          consulate(s): Adana
                        Flag description: red with a vertical white crescent
                                          (the closed portion is toward the
                                          hoist side) and white five-pointed
                                          star centered just outside the
                                          crescent opening
    
     Economy Turkey
     --------------
                      Economy - overview: Turkey's dynamic economy is a
                                          complex mix of modern industry and
                                          commerce along with a traditional
                                          agriculture sector that in 2001
                                          still accounted for 40% of
                                          employment. It has a strong and
                                          rapidly growing private sector, yet
                                          the state still plays a major role
                                          in basic industry, banking,
                                          transport, and communication. The
                                          most important industry - and
                                          largest exporter - is textiles and
                                          clothing, which is almost entirely
                                          in private hands. In recent years
                                          the economic situation has been
                                          marked by erratic economic growth
                                          and serious imbalances. Real GNP
                                          growth has exceeded 6% in most
                                          years, but this strong expansion was
                                          interrupted by sharp declines in
                                          output in 1994, 1999, and 2001.
                                          Meanwhile the public sector fiscal
                                          deficit has regularly exceeded 10%
                                          of GDP - due in large part to the
                                          huge burden of interest payments,
                                          which in 2001 accounted for more
                                          than 50% of central government
                                          spending - while inflation has
                                          remained in the high double digit
                                          range. Perhaps because of these
                                          problems, foreign direct investment
                                          in Turkey remains low - less than $1
                                          billion annually. In late 2000 and
                                          early 2001 a growing trade deficit
                                          and serious weaknesses in the
                                          banking sector plunged the economy
                                          into crisis - forcing Ankara to
                                          float the lira and pushing the
                                          country into recession. Prospects
                                          for 2002 are much better, because of
                                          strong financial support from the
                                          IMF, tighter fiscal policy, a major
                                          bank restructuring program, and the
                                          enactment of numerous other economic
                                          reforms.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $443
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -6.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $6,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 14.5%
                                          industry: 28.4%
                                          services: 57.1% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.3%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 32.3% (1994)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 41.5 (1994)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 69% (2001)
                             Labor force: 23.8 million (2001 3rd quarter)
                                          note: about 1.2 million Turks work
                                          abroad (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 39.7%, services 37.9%,
                                          industry 22.4% (2001 3rd quarter)
                       Unemployment rate: 10.6% (plus underemployment of 6.1%)
                                          (2001 4th quarter)
                                  Budget: revenues: $42.4 billion
                                          expenditures: $69.1 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001)
                              Industries: textiles, food processing, autos,
                                          mining (coal, chromite, copper,
                                          boron), steel, petroleum,
                                          construction, lumber, paper
       Industrial production growth rate: -8.9% (2001)
                Electricity - production: 119.18 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 74.09%
                                          hydro: 25.65%
                                          other: 0.26% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 114.192 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 437 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 3.791 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: tobacco, cotton, grain, olives,
                                          sugar beets, pulse, citrus;
                                          livestock
                                 Exports: $33.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: apparel 24.8%, foodstuffs 12.8%,
                                          textiles 12.7%, metal manufactures
                                          8.8%, transport equipment 8.5%
                                          (2000)
                      Exports - partners: Germany 17.4%, US 10.2%, Italy 7.5%,
                                          UK 7.0%, France 6.1% (2001 est.)
                                 Imports: $39.7 billion (c.i.f., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery 25.4%, chemicals 13.4%,
                                          semi-finished goods 13.7%, fuels
                                          14.0%, transport equipment 12.4%
                                          (2000)
                      Imports - partners: Germany 13.3%, Italy 8.6%, Russia
                                          8.4%, US 8.1%, France 5.7%, UK 4.5%
                                          (2001 est.)
                         Debt - external: $118.8 billion (September 2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $195 million (1993)
                                Currency: Turkish lira (TRL)
                           Currency code: TRL
                          Exchange rates: Turkish liras per US dollar -
                                          1,223,140 (January 2002), 1,223,140
                                          (2001), 625,219 (2000), 418,783
                                          (1999), 260,724 (1998), 151,865
                                          (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Turkey
     ---------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 19.5 million (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 17.1 million (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: undergoing rapid
                                          modernization and expansion,
                                          especially with cellular telephones
                                          domestic: additional digital
                                          exchanges are permitting a rapid
                                          increase in subscribers; the
                                          construction of a network of
                                          technologically advanced intercity
                                          trunk lines, using both fiber-optic
                                          cable and digital microwave radio
                                          relay is facilitating communication
                                          between urban centers; remote areas
                                          are reached by a domestic satellite
                                          system; the number of subscribers to
                                          mobile cellular telephone service is
                                          growing rapidly
                                          international: international service
                                          is provided by three submarine
                                          fiber-optic cables in the
                                          Mediterranean and Black Seas,
                                          linking Turkey with Italy, Greece,
                                          Israel, Bulgaria, Romania, and
                                          Russia; also by 12 Intelsat earth
                                          stations, and by 328 mobile
                                          satellite terminals in the Inmarsat
                                          and Eutelsat systems (2002)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 16, FM 107, shortwave 6 (2001)
                                  Radios: 11.3 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 635 (plus 2,934 repeaters) (1995)
                             Televisions: 20.9 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .tr
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 50 (2001)
                          Internet users: 4 million (2001)
    
     Transportation Turkey
     ---------------------
                                Railways: total: 8,607 km
                                          standard gauge: 8,607 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (2,131 km electrified)
                                          (2001)
                                Highways: total: 382,059 km
                                          paved: 106,976 km (including 1,726
                                          km of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 275,083 km (1999 est.)
                               Waterways: 1,200 km (approximately)
                               Pipelines: crude oil 1,738 km; petroleum
                                          products 2,321 km; natural gas 708
                                          km
                       Ports and harbors: Gemlik, Hopa, Iskenderun, Istanbul,
                                          Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Icel
                                          (Mersin), Samsun, Trabzon
                         Merchant marine: total: 553 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 5,674,099 GRT/9,108,819 DWT
    
                                          ships by type: bulk 138, cargo 239,
                                          chemical tanker 45, combination bulk
                                          5, combination ore/oil 2, container
                                          27, liquefied gas 6, passenger/cargo
                                          1, petroleum tanker 45, refrigerated
                                          cargo 3, roll on/roll off 27, short-
                                          sea passenger 10, specialized tanker
                                          5
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Belize 1, Cyprus 1,
                                          Denmark 2, Greece 1, Italy 1,
                                          Thailand 1, United Kingdom 11 (2002
                                          est.)
                                Airports: 120 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 86
                                          over 3,047 m: 16
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 30
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 15
                                          under 914 m: 6 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 34
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 24 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 8
                               Heliports: 6 (2001)
    
     Military Turkey
     ---------------
                       Military branches: Land Forces, Navy (includes Naval
                                          Air and Naval Infantry), Air Force,
                                          Coast Guard, Gendarmerie
        Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 19,219,177 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 11,623,675 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 674,805 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $8.1 billion (2002 est.)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 4.5% (2002 est.)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Turkey
     ---------------------------
                Disputes - international: complex maritime, air, and
                                          territorial disputes with Greece in
                                          Aegean Sea; Cyprus question with
                                          Greece; dispute with downstream
                                          riparian states (Syria and Iraq)
                                          over water development plans for the
                                          Tigris and Euphrates rivers;
                                          traditional demands regarding former
                                          Armenian lands in Turkey have
                                          subsided; Turkey is quick to rebuff
                                          any perceived Syrian claim to Hatay
                                          province; border with Armenia
                                          remains closed over Nagorno-Karabakh
                                          dispute
                           Illicit drugs: key transit route for Southwest
                                          Asian heroin to Western Europe and -
                                          to a far lesser extent the US - via
                                          air, land, and sea routes; major
                                          Turkish, Iranian, and other
                                          international trafficking
                                          organizations operate out of
                                          Istanbul; laboratories to convert
                                          imported morphine base into heroin
                                          are in remote regions of Turkey as
                                          well as near Istanbul; government
                                          maintains strict controls over areas
                                          of legal opium poppy cultivation and
                                          output of poppy straw concentrate
    
                                         
  
  

Din dicționarul U.S. Gazetteer (1990) :

  Turkey, NC (town, FIPS 68740)
    Location: 34.99319 N, 78.18537 W
    Population (1990): 234 (102 housing units)
    Area: 1.0 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water)
    Zip code(s): 28393
  Turkey, TX (city, FIPS 73964)
    Location: 34.39419 N, 100.89546 W
    Population (1990): 507 (282 housing units)
    Area: 2.1 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water)
    Zip code(s): 79261

Din dicționarul U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Turkey, NC -- U.S. town in North Carolina
     Population (2000):    262
     Housing Units (2000): 105
     Land area (2000):     0.398726 sq. miles (1.032696 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.398726 sq. miles (1.032696 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            68740
     Located within:       North Carolina (NC), FIPS 37
     Location:             34.992954 N, 78.184245 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     28393
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Turkey, NC
      Turkey
  

Din dicționarul U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Turkey, TX -- U.S. city in Texas
     Population (2000):    494
     Housing Units (2000): 274
     Land area (2000):     0.824834 sq. miles (2.136309 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.824834 sq. miles (2.136309 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            73964
     Located within:       Texas (TX), FIPS 48
     Location:             34.394248 N, 100.894736 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     79261
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Turkey, TX
      Turkey
  

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