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Unix


3 dicționare găsite pentru unix
Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  UNIX
       n : trademark for a powerful operating system [syn: UNIX system,
            UNIX operating system]

Din dicționarul Jargon File (4.3.1, 29 Jun 2001) :

  Unix /yoo'niks/ n. [In the authors' words, "A weak pun on Multics";
     very early on it was `UNICS'] (also `UNIX') An interactive time-sharing
     system invented in 1969 by Ken Thompson after Bell Labs left the Multics
     project, originally so he could play games on his scavenged PDP-7.
     Dennis Ritchie, the inventor of C, is considered a co-author of the
     system. The turning point in Unix's history came when it was
     reimplemented almost entirely in C during 1972-1974, making it the first
     source-portable OS. Unix subsequently underwent mutations and expansions
     at the hands of many different people, resulting in a uniquely flexible
     and developer-friendly environment. By 1991, Unix had become the most
     widely used multiuser general-purpose operating system in the world -
     and since 1996 the variant called Linux has been at the cutting edge
     of the open source movement. Many people consider the success of Unix
     the most important victory yet of hackerdom over industry opposition
     (but see Unix weenie and Unix conspiracy for an opposing point of
     view). See Version 7, BSD, Linux.
  
     Some people are confused over whether this word is appropriately
     `UNIX' or `Unix'; both forms are common, and used interchangeably.
     Dennis Ritchie says that the `UNIX' spelling originally happened in
     CACM's 1974 paper "The UNIX Time-Sharing System" because "we had a new
     typesetter and troff had just been invented and we were intoxicated by
     being able to produce small caps." Later, dmr tried to get the spelling
     changed to `Unix' in a couple of Bell Labs papers, on the grounds that
     the word is not acronymic. He failed, and eventually (his words) "wimped
     out" on the issue. So, while the trademark today is `UNIX', both
     capitalizations are grounded in ancient usage; the Jargon File uses
     `Unix' in deference to dmr's wishes.
  
  

Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  Unix
       
           /yoo'niks/ (Or "UNIX", in the authors'
          words, "A weak pun on Multics") Plural "Unices".  An
          interactive time-sharing operating system invented in 1969
          by Ken Thompson after Bell Labs left the Multics
          project, originally so he could play games on his scavenged
          PDP-7.  Dennis Ritchie, the inventor of C, is considered
          a co-author of the system.
       
          The turning point in Unix's history came when it was
          reimplemented almost entirely in C during 1972 - 1974, making
          it the first source-portable OS.  Unix subsequently
          underwent mutations and expansions at the hands of many
          different people, resulting in a uniquely flexible and
          developer-friendly environment.
       
          By 1991, Unix had become the most widely used multi-user
          general-purpose operating system in the world.  Many people
          consider this the most important victory yet of hackerdom over
          industry opposition (but see Unix weenie and Unix
          conspiracy for an opposing point of view).
       
          Unix is now offered by many manufacturers and is the subject
          of an international standardisation effort [called?].
          Unix-like operating systems include AIX, A/UX, BSD,
          Debian, FreeBSD, GNU, HP-UX, Linux, NetBSD,
          NEXTSTEP, OpenBSD, OPENSTEP, OSF, POSIX, RISCiX,
          Solaris, SunOS, System V, Ultrix, USG Unix, Version
          7, Xenix.
       
          "Unix" or "UNIX"?  Both seem roughly equally popular, perhaps
          with a historical bias toward the latter.  "UNIX" is a
          registered trademark of The Open Group, however, since it is
          a name and not an acronym, "Unix" has been adopted in this
          dictionary except where a larger name includes it in upper
          case.  Since the OS is case-sensitive and exists in many
          different versions, it is fitting that its name should reflect
          this.
       
          The UNIX Reference Desk
          http://www.geek-girl.com/unix.html)">(http://www.geek-girl.com/unix.html).
       
          Spanish fire extinguisher
         
       ftp://linux.mathematik.tu-darmstadt.de/pub/linux/people/okir/unix_flame.gif)">(ftp://linux.mathematik.tu-darmstadt.de/pub/linux/people/okir/unix_flame.gif).
       
          [{Jargon File]
       
          (2001-05-14)
       
       

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