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basic


8 dicționare găsite pentru basic
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Basic \Ba"sic\, a.
     1. (Chem.)
        (a) Relating to a base; performing the office of a base in
            a salt.
        (b) Having the base in excess, or the amount of the base
            atomically greater than that of the acid, or exceeding
            in proportion that of the related neutral salt.
        (c) Apparently alkaline, as certain normal salts which
            exhibit alkaline reactions with test paper.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Min.) Said of crystalline rocks which contain a
        relatively low percentage of silica, as basalt.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Basic salt (Chem.), a salt formed from a base or hydroxide
        by the partial replacement of its hydrogen by a negative
        or acid element or radical.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  BASIC \BASIC\ n.
     1. (Computers) [Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Iruction C.]
        an artificial computer language with a relatively
        simplified instruction set.
  
     Note: Writing a program in BASIC or other higher computer
           languages is simpler than writing in assembly language.
           See also programming language, FORTRAN.
           [PJC]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  higher programming language \higher programming language\ n.
     (Computers)
     A computer programming language with an instruction set
     allowing one instruction to code for several assembly
     language instructions.
  
     Note: The aggregation of several assembly-language
           instructions into one instruction allows much greater
           efficiency in writing computer programs. Most programs
           are now written in some higher programming language,
           such as BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, C, C++,
           PROLOG, or JAVA.
           [PJC]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  basic
       adj 1: pertaining to or constituting a base or basis; "a basic
              fact"; "the basic ingredients"; "basic changes in
              public opinion occur because of changes in priorities"
              [ant: incidental]
       2: reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible
          without loss of generality; "a basic story line"; "a
          canonical syllable pattern" [syn: canonic, canonical]
       3: of primary importance; "basic truths" [syn: basal, primary]
       4: serving as a base or starting point; "a basic course in
          Russian"; "basic training for raw recruits"; "a set of
          basic tools"; "an introductory art course" [syn: introductory]
       5: of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base
       n 1: a popular programming language that is relatively easy to
            learn; an acronym for beginner's all-purpose symbolic
            instruction code; no longer in general use
       2: (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is
          constant [syn: staple]

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  106 Moby Thesaurus words for "basic":
     ab ovo, aboriginal, acid, alkali, austere, bare, basal, basilar,
     bedrock, biochemical, bottom, capital, central, chaste, chemical,
     chemicobiological, chemicoengineering, chemicomineralogical,
     chemicophysical, chemurgic, chief, constituent, constitutive,
     copolymeric, copolymerous, crucial, dimeric, dimerous,
     electrochemical, element, elemental, elementary, embryonic,
     essential, focal, foundational, fundamental, generative, genetic,
     germinal, gut, heteromerous, homely, homespun, homogeneous,
     in embryo, in ovo, indispensable, indivisible, irreducible,
     isomerous, key, life-and-death, life-or-death, macrochemical, main,
     material, mere, metameric, monolithic, monomerous, nonacid,
     of a piece, of the essence, of vital importance, original,
     part and parcel, photochemical, physicochemical, phytochemical,
     plain, polymeric, pregnant, primal, primary, prime, primeval,
     primitive, primordial, principal, pristine, protogenic, pure,
     pure and simple, radical, radiochemical, root, rudiment,
     rudimentary, seminal, severe, simon-pure, simple, single, spare,
     stark, substantial, substantive, thermochemical, unadorned,
     uncluttered, underlying, undifferenced, undifferentiated, uniform,
     vital  
     
Din dicționarul Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (Version 1.9, June 2002) :

  BASIC
       Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
       
       

Din dicționarul Jargon File (4.3.1, 29 Jun 2001) :

  BASIC /bay'-sic/ n. A programming language, originally designed for
     Dartmouth's experimental timesharing system in the early 1960s, which
     for many years was the leading cause of brain damage in proto-hackers.
     Edsger W. Dijkstra observed in "Selected Writings on Computing: A
     Personal Perspective" that "It is practically impossible to teach good
     programming style to students that have had prior exposure to BASIC: as
     potential programmers they are mentally mutilated beyond hope of
     regeneration." This is another case (like Pascal) of the cascading
     lossage that happens when a language deliberately designed as an
     educational toy gets taken too seriously. A novice can write short BASIC
     programs (on the order of 10-20 lines) very easily; writing anything
     longer (a) is very painful, and (b) encourages bad habits that will make
     it harder to use more powerful languages well. This wouldn't be so bad
     if historical accidents hadn't made BASIC so common on low-end micros in
     the 1980s. As it is, it probably ruined tens of thousands of potential
     wizards.
  
     [1995: Some languages called `BASIC' aren't quite this nasty any more,
     having acquired Pascal- and C-like procedures and control structures and
     shed their line numbers. --ESR]
  
     BASIC stands for "Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code".
     Earlier versions of this entry claiming this was a later backronym
     were incorrect.
  
  

Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  BASIC
       
           Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
          A simple language oroginally designed for ease of programming
          by students and beginners.
       
          BASIC exists in many dialects, and is popular on
          microcomputers with sound and graphics support.  Most micro
          versions are interactive and interpreted.
       
          BASIC has become the leading cause of brain-damage in
          proto-hackers.  This is another case (like Pascal) of the
          cascading lossage that happens when a language deliberately
          designed as an educational toy gets taken too seriously.  A
          novice can write short BASIC programs (on the order of 10-20
          lines) very easily; writing anything longer is (a) very
          painful, and (b) encourages bad habits that will make it
          harder to use more powerful languages well.  This wouldn't be
          so bad if historical accidents hadn't made BASIC so common on
          low-end micros.  As it is, it ruins thousands of potential
          wizards a year.
       
          Originally, all references to code, both GOTO and GOSUB
          (subroutine call) referred to the destination by its line
          number.  This allowed for very simple editing in the days
          before text editors were considered essential.  Just typing
          the line number deleted the line and to edit a line you just
          typed the new line with the same number.  Programs were
          typically numbered in steps of ten to allow for insertions.
          Later versions, such as BASIC V, allow GOTO-less
          structured programming with named procedures and
          functions, IF-THEN-ELSE-ENDIF constructs and WHILE loops
          etc.
       
          Early BASICs had no graphic operations except with graphic
          characters.  In the 1970s BASIC interpreters became standard
          features in mainframes and minicomputers.  Some versions
          included matrix operations as language primitives.
       
          A public domain interpreter for a mixture of DEC's
          MU-Basic and Microsoft Basic is here
          ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/Unix-c/languages/basic/basic.tar-z)">(ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/Unix-c/languages/basic/basic.tar-z).
          A yacc parser and interpreter were in the
          comp.sources.unix archives volume 2.
       
          See also ANSI Minimal BASIC, bournebasic, bwBASIC,
          ubasic, Visual Basic.
       
          [{Jargon File]
       
          (1995-03-15)
       
       

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