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broken


8 dicționare găsite pentru broken
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Break \Break\ (br[=a]k), v. t. [imp. broke (br[=o]k), (Obs.
     Brake); p. p. Broken (br[=o]"k'n), (Obs. Broke); p. pr.
     & vb. n. Breaking.] [OE. breken, AS. brecan; akin to OS.
     brekan, D. breken, OHG. brehhan, G. brechen, Icel. braka to
     creak, Sw. braka, br[aum]kka to crack, Dan. br[ae]kke to
     break, Goth. brikan to break, L. frangere. Cf. Bray to
     pound, Breach, Fragile.]
     1. To strain apart; to sever by fracture; to divide with
        violence; as, to break a rope or chain; to break a seal;
        to break an axle; to break rocks or coal; to break a lock.
        --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To lay open as by breaking; to divide; as, to break a
        package of goods.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To lay open, as a purpose; to disclose, divulge, or
        communicate.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Katharine, break thy mind to me.      --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. To infringe or violate, as an obligation, law, or promise.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Out, out, hyena! these are thy wonted arts . . .
              To break all faith, all vows, deceive, betray.
                                                    --Milton
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. To interrupt; to destroy the continuity of; to dissolve or
        terminate; as, to break silence; to break one's sleep; to
        break one's journey.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Go, release them, Ariel;
              My charms I'll break, their senses I'll restore.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. To destroy the completeness of; to remove a part from; as,
        to break a set.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. To destroy the arrangement of; to throw into disorder; to
        pierce; as, the cavalry were not able to break the British
        squares.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. To shatter to pieces; to reduce to fragments.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The victim broke in pieces the musical instruments
              with which he had solaced the hours of captivity.
                                                    --Prescott.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. To exchange for other money or currency of smaller
        denomination; as, to break a five dollar bill.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. To destroy the strength, firmness, or consistency of; as,
         to break flax.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     11. To weaken or impair, as health, spirit, or mind.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               An old man, broken with the storms of state.
                                                    --Shak.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     12. To diminish the force of; to lessen the shock of, as a
         fall or blow.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               I'll rather leap down first, and break your fall.
                                                    --Dryden.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     13. To impart, as news or information; to broach; -- with to,
         and often with a modified word implying some reserve; as,
         to break the news gently to the widow; to break a purpose
         cautiously to a friend.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     14. To tame; to reduce to subjection; to make tractable; to
         discipline; as, to break a horse to the harness or
         saddle. "To break a colt." --Spenser.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               Why, then thou canst not break her to the lute?
                                                    --Shak.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     15. To destroy the financial credit of; to make bankrupt; to
         ruin.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               With arts like these rich Matho, when he speaks,
               Attracts all fees, and little lawyers breaks.
                                                    --Dryden.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     16. To destroy the official character and standing of; to
         cashier; to dismiss.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               I see a great officer broken.        --Swift.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: With prepositions or adverbs: 
           [1913 Webster]
  
     To break down.
         (a) To crush; to overwhelm; as, to break down one's
             strength; to break down opposition.
         (b) To remove, or open a way through, by breaking; as, to
             break down a door or wall.
  
     To break in.
         (a) To force in; as, to break in a door.
         (b) To train; to discipline; as, a horse well broken in.
             
  
     To break of, to rid of; to cause to abandon; as, to break
        one of a habit.
  
     To break off.
         (a) To separate by breaking; as, to break off a twig.
         (b) To stop suddenly; to abandon. "Break off thy sins by
             righteousness." --Dan. iv. 27.
  
     To break open, to open by breaking. "Open the door, or I
        will break it open." --Shak.
  
     To break out, to take or force out by breaking; as, to
        break out a pane of glass.
  
     To break out a cargo, to unstow a cargo, so as to unload it
        easily.
  
     To break through.
         (a) To make an opening through, as, as by violence or the
             force of gravity; to pass violently through; as, to
             break through the enemy's lines; to break through the
             ice.
         (b) To disregard; as, to break through the ceremony.
  
     To break up.
         (a) To separate into parts; to plow (new or fallow
             ground). "Break up this capon." --Shak. "Break up
             your fallow ground." --Jer. iv. 3.
         (b) To dissolve; to put an end to. "Break up the court."
             --Shak.
  
     To break (one) all up, to unsettle or disconcert
        completely; to upset. [Colloq.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: With an immediate object: 
           [1913 Webster]
  
     To break the back.
         (a) To dislocate the backbone; hence, to disable totally.
         (b) To get through the worst part of; as, to break the
             back of a difficult undertaking.
  
     To break bulk, to destroy the entirety of a load by
        removing a portion of it; to begin to unload; also, to
        transfer in detail, as from boats to cars.
  
     To break a code to discover a method to convert coded
        messages into the original understandable text.
  
     To break cover, to burst forth from a protecting
        concealment, as game when hunted.
  
     To break a deer or To break a stag, to cut it up and
        apportion the parts among those entitled to a share.
  
     To break fast, to partake of food after abstinence. See
        Breakfast.
  
     To break ground.
         (a) To open the earth as for planting; to commence
             excavation, as for building, siege operations, and
             the like; as, to break ground for a foundation, a
             canal, or a railroad.
         (b) Fig.: To begin to execute any plan.
         (c) (Naut.) To release the anchor from the bottom.
  
     To break the heart, to crush or overwhelm (one) with grief.
        
  
     To break a house (Law), to remove or set aside with
        violence and a felonious intent any part of a house or of
        the fastenings provided to secure it.
  
     To break the ice, to get through first difficulties; to
        overcome obstacles and make a beginning; to introduce a
        subject.
  
     To break jail, to escape from confinement in jail, usually
        by forcible means.
  
     To break a jest, to utter a jest. "Patroclus . . . the
        livelong day breaks scurril jests." --Shak.
  
     To break joints, to lay or arrange bricks, shingles, etc.,
        so that the joints in one course shall not coincide with
        those in the preceding course.
  
     To break a lance, to engage in a tilt or contest.
  
     To break the neck, to dislocate the joints of the neck.
  
     To break no squares, to create no trouble. [Obs.]
  
     To break a path, road, etc., to open a way through
        obstacles by force or labor.
  
     To break upon a wheel, to execute or torture, as a criminal
        by stretching him upon a wheel, and breaking his limbs
        with an iron bar; -- a mode of punishment formerly
        employed in some countries.
  
     To break wind, to give vent to wind from the anus.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: To dispart; rend; tear; shatter; batter; violate;
          infringe; demolish; destroy; burst; dislocate.
          [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Broken \Bro"ken\ (br[=o]"k'n), a. [From Break, v. t.]
     1. Separated into parts or pieces by violence; divided into
        fragments; as, a broken chain or rope; a broken dish.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Disconnected; not continuous; also, rough; uneven; as, a
        broken surface.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Fractured; cracked; disunited; sundered; strained; apart;
        as, a broken reed; broken friendship.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Made infirm or weak, by disease, age, or hardships.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The one being who remembered him as he been before
              his mind was broken.                  --G. Eliot.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The broken soldier, kindly bade to stay,
              Sat by his fire, and talked the night away.
                                                    --Goldsmith.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Subdued; humbled; contrite.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit. --Ps. li.
                                                    17.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Subjugated; trained for use, as a horse.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. Crushed and ruined as by something that destroys hope;
        blighted. "Her broken love and life." --G. Eliot.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. Not carried into effect; not adhered to; violated; as, a
        broken promise, vow, or contract; a broken law.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. Ruined financially; incapable of redeeming promises made,
        or of paying debts incurred; as, a broken bank; a broken
        tradesman.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. Imperfectly spoken, as by a foreigner; as, broken
         English; imperfectly spoken on account of emotion; as, to
         say a few broken words at parting.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               Amidst the broken words and loud weeping of those
               grave senators.                      --Macaulay.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Broken ground.
         (a) (Mil.) Rough or uneven ground; as, the troops were
             retarded in their advance by broken ground.
         (b) Ground recently opened with the plow.
  
     Broken line (Geom.), the straight lines which join a number
        of given points taken in some specified order.
  
     Broken meat, fragments of meat or other food.
  
     Broken number, a fraction.
  
     Broken weather, unsettled weather.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  broken
       adj 1: physically and forcibly separated into pieces or cracked or
              split; or legally or emotionally destroyed; "a broken
              mirror"; "a broken tooth"; "a broken leg"; "his neck
              is broken"; "children from broken homes"; "a broken
              marriage"; "a broken heart" [ant: unbroken]
       2: not continuous in space, time, or sequence or varying
          abruptly; "broken lines of defense"; "a broken cable
          transmission"; "broken sleep"; "tear off the stub above
          the broken line"; "a broken note"; "broken sobs" [ant: unbroken]
       3: subdued or brought low in condition or status; "brought
          low"; "a broken man"; "his broken spirit" [syn: crushed,
           humbled, humiliated, low]
       4: (especially of promises or contracts) having been violated
          or disregarded; "broken (or unkept) promises"; "broken
          contracts" [syn: unkept] [ant: unbroken]
       5: tamed or trained to obey; "a horse broken to the saddle";
          "this old nag is well broken in" [syn: broken in]
       6: topographically very uneven; "broken terrain"; "rugged
          ground" [syn: rugged]
       7: imperfectly spoken or written; "broken English"
       8: thrown into a state of disarray or confusion; "troops
          fleeing in broken ranks"; "a confused mass of papers on
          the desk"; "the small disordered room"; "with everything
          so upset" [syn: confused, disordered, upset]
       9: weakened and infirm; "broken health resulting from
          alcoholism"
       10: destroyed financially; "the broken fortunes of the family"
           [syn: wiped out(p), impoverished]
       11: out of working order (`busted' is an informal substitute for
           `broken'); "a broken washing machine"; "the coke machine
           is broken"; "the coke machine is busted" [syn: busted]
       12: discontinuous; "broken clouds"; "broken sunshine"
       13: lacking a part or parts; "a broken set of encyclopedia"

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  break
       n 1: some abrupt occurrence that interrupts; "the telephone is an
            annoying interruption"; "there was a break in the action
            when a player was hurt" [syn: interruption]
       2: an unexpected piece of good luck; "he finally got his big
          break" [syn: good luck, happy chance]
       3: (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the
          displacement of one side with respect to the other; "they
          built it right over a geological fault" [syn: fault, geological
          fault, shift, fracture]
       4: a personal or social separation (as between opposing
          factions); "they hoped to avoid a break in relations"
          [syn: rupture, breach, severance, rift, falling
          out]
       5: a pause from doing something (as work); "we took a 10-minute
          break"; "he took time out to recuperate" [syn: respite,
          recess, time out]
       6: the act of breaking something; "the breakage was
          unavoidable" [syn: breakage, breaking]
       7: a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation
          of something [syn: pause, intermission, interruption,
           suspension]
       8: breaking of hard tissue such as bone; "it was a nasty
          fracture"; "the break seems to have been caused by a fall"
          [syn: fracture]
       9: the occurrence of breaking; "the break in the dam threatened
          the valley"
       10: the opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or
           pool
       11: (tennis) a score consisting of winning a game when your
           opponent was serving; "he was up two breaks in the second
           set" [syn: break of serve]
       12: an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity; "it was
           presented without commercial breaks" [syn: interruption,
            disruption, gap]
       13: a sudden dash; "he made a break for the open door"
       14: any frame in which a bowler fails to make a strike or spare;
           "the break in the eighth frame cost him the match" [syn:
           open frame]
       15: an escape from jail; "the breakout was carefully planned"
           [syn: breakout, jailbreak, gaolbreak, prisonbreak,
            prison-breaking]
       v 1: terminate; "She interrupted her pregnancy"; "break a lucky
            streak"; "break the cycle of poverty" [syn: interrupt]
       2: become separated into pieces or fragments; "The figurine
          broke"; "The freshly baked loaf fell apart" [syn: separate,
           split up, fall apart, come apart]
       3: destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to
          separate into pieces or fragments; "He broke the glass
          plate"; "She broke the match"
       4: render inoperable or ineffective; "You broke the alarm clock
          when you took it apart!"
       5: ruin completely; "He busted my radio!" [syn: bust] [ant: repair]
       6: act in disregard of laws and rules; "offend all laws of
          humanity"; "violate the basic laws or human civilization";
          "break a law" [syn: transgress, offend, infract, violate,
           go against, breach]
       7: move away or escape suddenly; "The horses broke from the
          stable"; "Three inmates broke jail"; "Nobody can break
          out--this prison is high security" [syn: break out, break
          away]
       8: scatter or part; "The clouds broke after the heavy downpour"
       9: force out or release suddenly and often violently something
          pent up; "break into tears"; "erupt in anger" [syn: burst,
           erupt]
       10: prevent completion; "stop the project"; "break off the
           negociations" [syn: break off, discontinue, stop]
       11: enter someone's property in an unauthorized manner, usually
           with the intent to steal or commit a violent act;
           "Someone broke in while I was on vacation"; "They broke
           into my car and stole my radio!" [syn: break in]
       12: make submissive, obedient, or useful; "The horse was tough
           to break"; "I broke in the new intern" [syn: break in]
       13: fail to agree with; be in violation of; as of rules or
           patterns; "This sentence violates the rules of syntax"
           [syn: violate, go against] [ant: conform to]
       14: surpass in excellence; "She bettered her own record"; "break
           a record" [syn: better]
       15: make known to the public information that was previously
           known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a
           secret; "The auction house would not disclose the price
           at which the van Gogh had sold"; "The actress won't
           reveal how old she is"; "bring out the truth"; "he broke
           the news to her" [syn: disclose, let on, bring out,
            reveal, discover, expose, divulge, impart, give
           away, let out]
       16: come into being; "light broke over the horizon"; "Voices
           broke in the air"
       17: stop operating or functioning; "The engine finally went";
           "The car died on the road"; "The bus we travelled in
           broke down on the way to town"; "The coffee maker broke";
           "The engine failed on the way to town"; "her eyesight
           went after the accident" [syn: fail, go bad, give
           way, die, give out, conk out, go, break down]
       18: interrupt a continued activity; "She had broken with the
           traditional patterns" [syn: break away]
       19: make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one's own by
           quitting or fleeing; "The ranks broke"
       20: curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves; "The
           surf broke"
       21: lessen in force or effect; "soften a shock"; "break a fall"
           [syn: dampen, damp, soften, weaken]
       22: be broken in; "If the new teacher won't break, we'll add
           some stress"
       23: come to an end; "The heat wave finally broke yesterday"
       24: vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity; "The flat
           plain was broken by tall mesas"
       25: cause to give up a habit; "She finally broke herself of
           smoking cigarettes"
       26: give up; "break cigarette smoking"
       27: come forth or begin from a state of latency; "The first
           winter storm broke over New York"
       28: happen or take place; "Things have been breaking pretty well
           for us in the past few months"
       29: cause the failure or ruin of; "His peccadilloes finally
           broke his marriage"; "This play will either make or break
           the playwright" [ant: make]
       30: invalidate by judicial action; "The will was broken"
       31: discontinue an association or relation; go different ways;
           "The business partners broke over a tax question"; "The
           couple separated after 25 years of marriage"; "My friend
           and I split up" [syn: separate, part, split up, split,
            break up]
       32: assign to a lower position; reduce in rank; "She was demoted
           because she always speaks up"; "He was broken down to
           Sargeant" [syn: demote, bump, relegate, kick
           downstairs] [ant: promote]
       33: reduce to bankruptcy; "My daughter's fancy wedding is going
           to break me!"; "The slump in the financial markets
           smashed him" [syn: bankrupt, ruin, smash]
       34: change directions suddenly
       35: emerge from the surface of a body of water; "The whales
           broke"
       36: break down, literally or metaphorically; "The wall
           collapsed"; "The business collapsed"; "The dam broke";
           "The roof collapsed"; "The wall gave in"; "The roof
           finally gave under the weight of the ice" [syn: collapse,
            fall in, cave in, give, give way, founder]
       37: do a break dance; "Kids were break-dancing at the street
           corner" [syn: break dance, break-dance]
       38: exchange for smaller units of money; "I had to break a $100
           bill just to buy the candy"
       39: destroy the completeness of a set of related items; "The
           book dealer would not break the set" [syn: break up]
       40: make the opening shot that scatters the balls
       41: separate from a clinch, in boxing; "The referee broke the
           boxers"
       42: go to pieces; "The lawn mower finally broke"; "The gears
           wore out"; "The old chair finally fell apart completely"
           [syn: wear, wear out, bust, fall apart]
       43: break a piece from a whole; "break a branch from a tree"
           [syn: break off, snap off]
       44: become punctured or penetrated; "The skin broke"
       45: pierce or penetrate; "The blade broke her skin"
       46: be released or become known; of news; "News of her death
           broke in the morning" [syn: get out, get around]
       47: cease an action temporarily; "We pause for station
           identification"; "let's break for lunch" [syn: pause, intermit]
       48: interrupt the flow of current in; "break a circuit"
       49: undergo breaking; "The simple vowels broke in many Germanic
           languages"
       50: find a flaw in; "break an alibi"; "break down a proof"
       51: find the solution or key to; "break the code"
       52: change suddenly from one tone quality or register to
           another; "Her voice broke to a whisper when she started
           to talk about her children"
       53: happen; "Report the news as it develops"; "These political
           movements recrudesce from time to time" [syn: recrudesce,
            develop]
       54: become fractured; break or crack on the surface only; "The
           glass cracked when it was heated" [syn: crack, check]
       55: of the male voice in puberty; "his voice is breaking--he
           should no longer sing in the choir"
       56: fall sharply; "stock prices broke"
       57: fracture a bone of; "I broke my foot while playing hockey"
           [syn: fracture]
       58: diminish or discontinue abruptly; "The patient's fever broke
           last night"
       59: weaken or destroy in spirit or body; "His resistance was
           broken"; "a man broken by the terrible experience of
           near-death"
       [also: broken, broke]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  broken
       See break

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  268 Moby Thesaurus words for "broken":
     aggravated, aloof, ausgespielt, bankrupt, beaten, blasted,
     blighted, broke, broken off, broken-down, brought low, bumpy,
     burned, burst, busted, capricious, careening, catchy, chastened,
     checked, chipped, chopped-off, choppy, coarse, coarse-grained,
     conditioned, conquered, corrugated, cracked, crazed, cross-grained,
     crushed, cut, damaged, debilitated, decousu, defeated, defied,
     dejected, demoralized, desolated, destitute, destroyed, desultory,
     detached, deteriorated, devastated, deviative, disciplined,
     disconnected, discontinued, discontinuous, discouraged, discrete,
     disintegrated, disjointed, disjunctive, disobeyed, dispirited,
     disregarded, disturbed, docile, domesticated, done for, done in,
     dovelike, down-and-out, eccentric, embittered, enfeebled, episodic,
     erratic, exacerbated, failed, fallen, felled, finished, fitful,
     flattened, flickering, fluctuating, fractured, fragmentary,
     fragmented, gapped, gentle, gone to pot, grainy, granulated,
     guttering, halting, harmed, haywire, herky-jerky, heteroclite,
     homespun, horripilant, housebroke, housebroken, humble, humbled,
     humiliated, hurt, ignored, immethodical, impaired, imperfect,
     in bits, in disrepair, in pieces, in receivership, in ruins,
     in shards, incoherent, inconsistent, inconstant, inequal,
     infringed, injured, inoperative, insolvent, intermittent,
     intermitting, interrupted, irregular, irremediable, irritated,
     jagged, jerky, jolty, kaput, lacerated, lamblike, licked,
     linsey-woolsey, lurching, made to grovel, mangled, mastered, meek,
     mild, mutilated, nonadherent, nonadhesive, noncoherent,
     noncohesive, noncontinuous, nonlinear, nonsequential, nonserial,
     nonuniform, obedient, on the blink, on the fritz, on the rocks,
     open, out of commission, out of condition, out of gear,
     out of joint, out of kelter, out of kilter, out of order,
     out of repair, out of tune, out of whack, overthrown, pacific,
     parenthetic, patchy, peaceable, pimply, pitted, pocky, potholed,
     pulverized, put down, quelled, quiet, rambling, rank, ravaged,
     reduced, rent, ripply, rough, rough-cast, rough-grained,
     rough-hewn, ruffled, ruined, ruinous, ruptured, rutted, rutty,
     scalded, scorched, scrappy, shagged, shaggy, shattered, shivered,
     slashed, slit, smashed, snatchy, spasmatic, spasmic, spasmodic,
     spastic, splintered, split, spoiled, sporadic, spotty, sprung,
     staggering, subdued, subjugated, suppressed, suspended, tame,
     tamed, tenuous, textured, the worse for, torn, trained,
     transgressed, unadhesive, uncertain, uncoherent, uncohesive,
     unconnected, undone, unequal, uneven, unjoined, unkempt, unlevel,
     unmethodical, unmetrical, unpolished, unrefined, unregular,
     unrhythmical, unsettled, unsmooth, unsteady, unsuccessive,
     unsystematic, untenacious, ununiform, vanquished, variable,
     veering, violated, wandering, wasted, wavering, weakened, wimpled,
     wobbling, wobbly, worse, worse off, worsened, wrecked  
     
Din dicționarul Jargon File (4.3.1, 29 Jun 2001) :

  broken adj. 1. Not working properly (of programs). 2. Behaving
     strangely; especially (when used of people) exhibiting extreme
     depression.
  
  

Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  broken
       
          Not working properly (of programs).
       
       

Caută broken cu Omnilexica

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