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bug


6 dicționare găsite pentru bug
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Bug \Bug\ (b[u^]g), n. [OE. bugge, fr. W. bwg, bwgan, hobgoblin,
     scarecrow, bugbear. Cf. Bogey, Boggle.]
     1. A bugbear; anything which terrifies. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Sir, spare your threats:
              The bug which you would fright me with I seek.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Zool.) A general name applied to various insects
        belonging to the Hemiptera; as, the squash bug; the chinch
        bug, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Zool.) An insect of the genus Cimex, especially the
        bedbug ({Cimex lectularius). See Bedbug.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Zool.) One of various species of Coleoptera; as, the
        ladybug; potato bug, etc.; loosely, any beetle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Zool.) One of certain kinds of Crustacea; as, the sow
        bug; pill bug; bait bug; salve bug, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: According to popular usage in England and among
           housekeepers in America around 1900, bug, when not
           joined with some qualifying word, was used specifically
           bedbug. As a general term it is now used very
           loosely in America as a colloquial term to mean any
           small crawling thing, such as an insect or arachnid,
           and was formerly used still more loosely in England.
           "God's rare workmanship in the ant, the poorest bug
           that creeps." --Rogers (--Naaman). "This bug with
           gilded wings." --Pope.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     6. (Computers) An error in the coding of a computer program,
        especially one causing the program to malfunction or fail.
        See, for example, year 2000 bug. "That's not a bug, it's
        a feature!"
        [PJC]
  
     7. Any unexpected defect or flaw, such as in a machine or a
        plan.
        [PJC]
  
     8. A hidden electronic listening device, used to hear or
        record conversations surreptitiously.
        [PJC]
  
     9. An infectious microorganism; a germ[4]. [Colloq.]
        [PJC]
  
     10. An undiagnosed illness, usually mild, believed to be
         caused by an infectious organism. [Colloq.]
  
     Note: In some communities in the 1990's, the incidence of
           AIDS is high and AIDS is referred to colloquially as
           "the bug".
           [PJC]
  
     11. An enthusiast; -- used mostly in combination, as a camera
         bug. [Colloq.]
         [PJC]
  
     Bait bug. See under Bait.
  
     Bug word, swaggering or threatening language. [Obs.]
        --Beau. & Fl.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Bug \Bug\ (b[u^]g), v. t.
     to annoy; to bother or pester.
     [PJC] Bugaboo

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  bug
       n 1: general term for any insect or similar creeping or crawling
            invertebrate
       2: a fault or defect in a system or machine [syn: glitch]
       3: a small hidden microphone; for listening secretly
       4: insects with sucking mouthparts and forewings thickened and
          leathery at the base; usually show incomplete
          metamorphosis [syn: hemipterous insect, hemipteran, hemipteron]
       5: a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium);
          the term is not in technical use [syn: microbe, germ]
       v 1: annoy persistently; "The children teased the boy because of
            his stammer" [syn: tease, badger, pester, beleaguer]
       2: tap a telephone or telegraph wire to get information; "The
          FBI was tapping the phone line of the suspected spy"; "Is
          this hotel room bugged?" [syn: wiretap, tap, intercept]
       [also: bugging, bugged]

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  381 Moby Thesaurus words for "bug":
     ALGOL, COBOL, FORTRAN, Mumbo Jumbo, abrade, addict, addle,
     addle the wits, adenovirus, aerobe, aerobic bacteria, aficionado,
     aggravate, agitate, alphabetic data, alphanumeric code, amoeba,
     anaerobe, anaerobic bacteria, angular data, annoy, apply pressure,
     arachnid, arthropod, assembler, attend, attend to, auscultate,
     bacillus, bacteria, bacterium, badger, bag, bait, ball up, balloon,
     be all ears, be at, becloud, bedazzle, bedevil, beetle, befuddle,
     belly, belly out, bend an ear, beset, besiege, bewilder, bigot,
     bilge, billow, binary digit, binary scale, binary system, bit,
     blandish, blemish, bogey, bogeyman, boggart, bogle, booger,
     boogerman, boogeyman, bother, bouge, bristle, brown off, buff,
     bugaboo, bugbear, bugger, bulge, bullyrag, burn up, buttonhole,
     byte, cajole, carp at, case, catch, caterpillar, centipede, chafe,
     chilopod, chivy, cloud, coax, coccus, cock the ears, collector,
     command pulses, commands, compiler, computer code,
     computer language, computer program, confuse, control signals,
     controlled quantity, convulse, correcting signals, crack, crank,
     craze, crazy fancy, daddy longlegs, data, daze, dazzle, defect,
     defection, deficiency, demon, devil, devotee, dilate, diplopod,
     discombobulate, discomfit, discompose, disconcert,
     disease-producing microorganism, disorganize, disorient, distemper,
     distend, distract, disturb, dog, drawback, dun, eager beaver,
     eavesdrop, echovirus, embarrass, embroil, energumen, entangle,
     enterovirus, enthusiasm, enthusiast, error, error signals,
     examine by ear, exasperate, exercise, exert pressure, faddist,
     failing, failure, fan, fanatic, fanatico, fascination, fash, fault,
     faute, fee-faw-fum, feedback pulses, feedback signals, fiend,
     film data, filterable virus, flaw, flummox, flurry, fluster,
     flutter, fly, fog, foible, frailty, freak, fret, fret at, fuddle,
     fungus, furor, furore, fuss, fuss at, gall, germ, get,
     give attention, give audience to, give ear, goggle,
     gram-negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria, great one for,
     gripe, harass, hark, harry, harvestman, hassle, hear, hear out,
     hearken, heckle, hector, heed, henpeck, hexadecimal system,
     hexapod, hobbyist, hole, hound, imperfection, importune,
     inadequacy, infatuate, infatuation, infirmity, information,
     input data, input quantity, insect, instructions, intercept, irk,
     kink, larva, lend an ear, listen, listen at, listen in, listen to,
     little problem, lunatic fringe, machine language, maggot,
     make a reconnaissance, mania, maniac, manic-depressive psychosis,
     maze, message, microbe, microorganism, microphone, miff, mike,
     millepede, millipede, mist, mite, mix up, moider, mold, molest,
     monomaniac, muddle, multiple messages, nag, nag at, needle, nettle,
     nibble at, noise, nonfilterable virus, nudzh, numeric data, nut,
     nymph, octal system, oscillograph data, output data,
     output quantity, passion, pathogen, peck at, peep, peeve, perplex,
     persecute, perturb, pester, pick at, pick on, picornavirus, pique,
     plague, play, play the spy, pluck the beard, ply, polar data,
     pooch, pop, pother, pouch, pout, press, pressure, problem,
     protozoa, protozoon, provoke, psych, punch-card data, pursuer,
     push, put out, put under surveillance, radiomicrophone, rage,
     raise hell, random data, rattle, reconnoiter, rectangular data,
     reference quantity, reovirus, rhapsodist, rhinovirus, rickettsia,
     ride, rift, rile, roil, round out, ruffle, ruly English, scorpion,
     scout, scout out, shortcoming, signals, single messages, sit in on,
     snag, something missing, spider, spirillum, spirochete, spook,
     spore, spy, spy out, stake out, staphylococcus, streptococcus,
     sucker for, swell, swell out, taint, tap, tarantula, tease, throw,
     throw into confusion, tick, torment, trouble, try the patience,
     trypanosome, tweak the nose, unorganized data, unsettle, upset,
     urge, vex, vibrio, virus, visible-speech data, visionary,
     vulnerable place, watch, weak link, weak point, weakness, wheedle,
     wiretap, work on, worry, yap at, zealot  
     
Din dicționarul Jargon File (4.3.1, 29 Jun 2001) :

  bug n. An unwanted and unintended property of a program or piece of
     hardware, esp. one that causes it to malfunction. Antonym of feature.
     Examples: "There's a bug in the editor: it writes things out backwards."
     "The system crashed because of a hardware bug." "Fred is a winner, but
     he has a few bugs" (i.e., Fred is a good guy, but he has a few
     personality problems).
  
     Historical note: Admiral Grace Hopper (an early computing pioneer
     better known for inventing COBOL) liked to tell a story in which a
     technician solved a glitch in the Harvard Mark II machine by pulling
     an actual insect out from between the contacts of one of its relays, and
     she subsequently promulgated bug in its hackish sense as a joke about
     the incident (though, as she was careful to admit, she was not there
     when it happened). For many years the logbook associated with the
     incident and the actual bug in question (a moth) sat in a display case
     at the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC). The entire story, with a
     picture of the logbook and the moth taped into it, is recorded in the
     "Annals of the History of Computing", Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 1981), pp.
     285-286.
  
     The text of the log entry (from September 9, 1947), reads "1545 Relay
     #70 Panel F (moth) in relay. First actual case of bug being found". This
     wording establishes that the term was already in use at the time in its
     current specific sense -- and Hopper herself reports that the term `bug'
     was regularly applied to problems in radar electronics during WWII.
  
     Indeed, the use of `bug' to mean an industrial defect was already
     established in Thomas Edison's time, and a more specific and rather
     modern use can be found in an electrical handbook from 1896 ("Hawkin's
     New Catechism of Electricity", Theo. Audel & Co.) which says: "The term
     `bug' is used to a limited extent to designate any fault or trouble in
     the connections or working of electric apparatus." It further notes that
     the term is "said to have originated in quadruplex telegraphy and have
     been transferred to all electric apparatus."
  
     The latter observation may explain a common folk etymology of the
     term; that it came from telephone company usage, in which "bugs in a
     telephone cable" were blamed for noisy lines. Though this derivation
     seems to be mistaken, it may well be a distorted memory of a joke first
     current among _telegraph_ operators more than a century ago!
  
     Or perhaps not a joke. Historians of the field inform us that the term
     "bug" was regularly used in the early days of telegraphy to refer to a
     variety of semi-automatic telegraphy keyers that would send a string of
     dots if you held them down. In fact, the Vibroplex keyers (which were
     among the most common of this type) even had a graphic of a beetle on
     them (and still do)! While the ability to send repeated dots
     automatically was very useful for professional morse code operators,
     these were also significantly trickier to use than the older manual
     keyers, and it could take some practice to ensure one didn't introduce
     extraneous dots into the code by holding the key down a fraction too
     long. In the hands of an inexperienced operator, a Vibroplex "bug" on
     the line could mean that a lot of garbled Morse would soon be coming
     your way.
  
     Further, the term "bug" has long been used among radio technicians to
     describe a device that converts electromagnetic field variations into
     acoustic signals. It is used to trace radio interference and look for
     dangerous radio emissions. Radio community usage derives from the
     roach-like shape of the first versions used by 19th century physicists.
     The first versions consisted of a coil of wire (roach body), with the
     two wire ends sticking out and bent back to nearly touch forming a spark
     gap (roach antennae). The bug is to the radio technician what the
     stethoscope is to the stereotypical medical doctor. This sense is almost
     certainly ancestral to modern use of "bug" for a covert monitoring
     device, but may also have contributed to the use of "bug" for the
     effects of radio interference itself.
  
     Actually, use of `bug' in the general sense of a disruptive event goes
     back to Shakespeare! (Henry VI, part III - Act V, Scene II: King Edward:
     "So, lie thou there. Die thou; and die our fear; For Warwick was a bug
     that fear'd us all.") In the first edition of Samuel Johnson's
     dictionary one meaning of `bug' is "A frightful object; a walking
     spectre"; this is traced to `bugbear', a Welsh term for a variety of
     mythological monster which (to complete the circle) has recently been
     reintroduced into the popular lexicon through fantasy role-playing
     games.
  
     In any case, in jargon the word almost never refers to insects. Here
     is a plausible conversation that never actually happened:
  
     "There is a bug in this ant farm!"
  
     "What do you mean? I don't see any ants in it."
  
     "That's the bug."
  
     A careful discussion of the etymological issues can be found in a
     paper by Fred R. Shapiro, 1987, "Entomology of the Computer Bug: History
     and Folklore", American Speech 62(4):376-378.
  
     [There has been a widespread myth that the original bug was moved to
     the Smithsonian, and an earlier version of this entry so asserted. A
     correspondent who thought to check discovered that the bug was not
     there. While investigating this in late 1990, your editor discovered
     that the NSWC still had the bug, but had unsuccessfully tried to get the
     Smithsonian to accept it -- and that the present curator of their
     History of American Technology Museum didn't know this and agreed that
     it would make a worthwhile exhibit. It was moved to the Smithsonian in
     mid-1991, but due to space and money constraints was not actually
     exhibited for years afterwards. Thus, the process of investigating the
     original-computer-bug bug fixed it in an entirely unexpected way, by
     making the myth true! --ESR]
  
  

Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  bug
       
           An unwanted and unintended property of a program
          or piece of hardware, especially one that causes it to
          malfunction.  Antonym of feature.  E.g. "There's a bug in
          the editor: it writes things out backward."  The
          identification and removal of bugs in a program is called
          "{debugging".
       
          Admiral Grace Hopper (an early computing pioneer better
          known for inventing COBOL) liked to tell a story in which a
          technician solved a glitch in the Harvard Mark II machine
          by pulling an actual insect out from between the contacts of
          one of its relays, and she subsequently promulgated bug in
          its hackish sense as a joke about the incident (though, as she
          was careful to admit, she was not there when it happened).
          For many years the logbook associated with the incident and
          the actual bug in question (a moth) sat in a display case at
          the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC).  The entire story,
          with a picture of the logbook and the moth taped into it, is
          recorded in the "Annals of the History of Computing", Vol. 3,
          No. 3 (July 1981), pp. 285--286.
       
          The text of the log entry (from September 9, 1947), reads
          "1545 Relay #70 Panel F (moth) in relay.  First actual case of
          bug being found".  This wording establishes that the term was
          already in use at the time in its current specific sense - and
          Hopper herself reports that the term "bug" was regularly
          applied to problems in radar electronics during WWII.
       
          Indeed, the use of "bug" to mean an industrial defect was
          already established in Thomas Edison's time, and a more
          specific and rather modern use can be found in an electrical
          handbook from 1896 ("Hawkin's New Catechism of Electricity",
          Theo. Audel & Co.)  which says: "The term "bug" is used to a
          limited extent to designate any fault or trouble in the
          connections or working of electric apparatus."  It further
          notes that the term is "said to have originated in
          quadruplex telegraphy and have been transferred to all
          electric apparatus."
       
          The latter observation may explain a common folk etymology of
          the term; that it came from telephone company usage, in which
          "bugs in a telephone cable" were blamed for noisy lines.
          Though this derivation seems to be mistaken, it may well be a
          distorted memory of a joke first current among *telegraph*
          operators more than a century ago!
       
          Actually, use of "bug" in the general sense of a disruptive
          event goes back to Shakespeare!  In the first edition of
          Samuel Johnson's dictionary one meaning of "bug" is "A
          frightful object; a walking spectre"; this is traced to
          "bugbear", a Welsh term for a variety of mythological monster
          which (to complete the circle) has recently been reintroduced
          into the popular lexicon through fantasy role-playing games.
       
          In any case, in jargon the word almost never refers to
          insects.  Here is a plausible conversation that never actually
          happened:
       
          "There is a bug in this ant farm!"
       
          "What do you mean?  I don't see any ants in it."
       
          "That's the bug."
       
          [There has been a widespread myth that the original bug was
          moved to the Smithsonian, and an earlier version of this entry
          so asserted.  A correspondent who thought to check discovered
          that the bug was not there.  While investigating this in late
          1990, your editor discovered that the NSWC still had the bug,
          but had unsuccessfully tried to get the Smithsonian to accept
          it - and that the present curator of their History of
          American Technology Museum didn't know this and agreed that it
          would make a worthwhile exhibit.  It was moved to the
          Smithsonian in mid-1991, but due to space and money
          constraints has not yet been exhibited.  Thus, the process of
          investigating the original-computer-bug bug fixed it in an
          entirely unexpected way, by making the myth true!  - ESR]
       
          [{Jargon File]
       
          (1999-06-29)
       
       

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