dictionar englez roman

chancellor


7 dicționare găsite pentru chancellor
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Chancellor \Chan"cel*lor\, n. [OE. canceler, chaunceler, F.
     chancelier, LL. cancellarius chancellor, a director of
     chancery, fr. L. cancelli lattices, crossbars, which
     surrounded the seat of judgment. See Chancel.]
     A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the
     United States is distinctively a court with equity
     jurisdiction.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The chancellor was originally a chief scribe or
           secretary under the Roman emperors, but afterward was
           invested with judicial powers, and had superintendence
           over the other officers of the empire. From the Roman
           empire this office passed to the church, and every
           bishop has his chancellor, the principal judge of his
           consistory. In later times, in most countries of
           Europe, the chancellor was a high officer of state,
           keeper of the great seal of the kingdom, and having the
           supervision of all charters, and like public
           instruments of the crown, which were authenticated in
           the most solemn manner. In France a secretary is in
           some cases called a chancellor. In Scotland, the
           appellation is given to the foreman of a jury, or
           assize. In the present German empire, the chancellor is
           the president of the federal council and the head of
           the imperial administration. In the United States, the
           title is given to certain judges of courts of chancery
           or equity, established by the statutes of separate
           States. --Blackstone. Wharton.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Chancellor of a bishop or Chancellor of a diocese (R. C.
        Ch. & ch. of Eng.), a law officer appointed to hold the
        bishop's court in his diocese, and to assist him in matter
        of ecclesiastical law.
  
     Chancellor of a cathedral, one of the four chief
        dignitaries of the cathedrals of the old foundation, and
        an officer whose duties are chiefly educational, with
        special reference to the cultivation of theology.
  
     Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, an officer before
        whom, or his deputy, the court of the duchy chamber of
        Lancaster is held. This is a special jurisdiction.
  
     Chancellor of a university, the chief officer of a
        collegiate body. In Oxford, he is elected for life; in
        Cambridge, for a term of years; and his office is
        honorary, the chief duties of it devolving on the vice
        chancellor.
  
     Chancellor of the exchequer, a member of the British
        cabinet upon whom devolves the charge of the public income
        and expenditure as the highest finance minister of the
        government.
  
     Chancellor of the order of the Garter (or other military
        orders), an officer who seals the commissions and mandates
        of the chapter and assembly of the knights, keeps the
        register of their proceedings, and delivers their acts
        under the seal of their order.
  
     Lord high chancellor of England, the presiding judge in the
        court of chancery, the highest judicial officer of the
        crown, and the first lay person of the state after the
        blood royal. He is created chancellor by the delivery into
        his custody of the great seal, of which he becomes keeper.
        He is privy counselor by his office, and prolocutor of the
        House of Lords by prescription.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  chancellor
       n 1: the person who is head of state (in several countries) [syn:
             premier, prime minister]
       2: the honorary or titular head of a university

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  121 Moby Thesaurus words for "chancellor":
     JA, academic dean, administration, administrator, alderman,
     ambassador, ambassadress, amicus curiae, apostolic delegate,
     archon, assessor, attache, bailie, barmaster, burghermaster,
     burgomaster, cabinet member, cabinet minister, career diplomat,
     charge, chief executive, chief executive officer, chief of state,
     circuit judge, city councilman, city father, city manager,
     commercial attache, commissar, commissioner, consul,
     consul general, consular agent, councillor, councilman,
     councilwoman, county commissioner, county supervisor, dean,
     dean of men, dean of women, dewan, diplomat, diplomatic,
     diplomatic agent, diplomatist, doge, elder, emissary, envoy,
     envoy extraordinary, executive, executive director,
     executive officer, executive secretary, foreign service officer,
     grand vizier, head of state, headman, headmaster, headmistress,
     induna, internuncio, judge advocate, judge ordinary, jurat,
     justice in eyre, justice of assize, lay judge, legal assessor,
     legate, legislator, lord mayor, magistrate, maire, management,
     managing director, master, mayor, military attache, military judge,
     minister, minister of state, minister plenipotentiary,
     minister resident, nuncio, officer, official, ombudsman, ordinary,
     plenipotentiary, police judge, portreeve, prefect, premier,
     president, presiding judge, prexy, prime minister, principal,
     probate judge, provost, puisne judge, recorder, rector, reeve,
     resident, secretary, secretary of legation, secretary of state,
     selectman, supervisor, syndic, the administration, treasurer,
     undersecretary, vice-chancellor, vice-consul, vice-legate,
     vice-president, warden  
     
Din dicționarul Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Chancellor
     one who has judicial authority, literally, a "lord of
     judgement;" a title given to the Persian governor of Samaria
     (Ezra 4:8, 9, 17).
     

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CHANCELLOR. An officer appointed to preside over a court of chancery, 
  invested with various powers in the several states. 
       2. The office of chancellor is of Roman origin. He appears, at first, 
  to have been a chief scribe or secretary, but he was afterwards invested 
  with judicial power, and had superintendence over the other officers of the 
  empire. From the Romans, the title and office passed to the church, and 
  therefore every bishop of the catholic church has, to this day, his 
  chancellor, the principal judge of his consistory. When the modern kingdoms 
  of Europe were established upon the ruins of the empire, almost every state 
  preserved its chancellor, with different jurisdictions and dignities, 
  according to their different constitutions. In all he seems to have had a 
  supervision of all charters, letters, and such other public instruments of 
  the crown, as were authenticated in the most solemn manner; and when seals 
  came into use, he had the custody of the public seal. 
       3. An officer bearing this title is to be found in most countries of 
  Europe, and is generally invested with extensive authority. The title and 
  office of chancellor came to us from England. Many of our state 
  constitutions provide for the appointment of this officer, who is by them, 
  and by the law of the several states, invested with power as they provide. 
  Vide Encyclopedie, b. t.; Encycl.. Amer. h.t.; Dict. de Jur. h.t.; Merl. 
  Rep. h.t.; 4 Vin. Ab. 374; Blake's Ch. Index, h.t.; Woodes. Lect. 95. 
  
  

Din dicționarul U.S. Gazetteer (1990) :

  Chancellor, AL
    Zip code(s): 36316
  Chancellor, SD (town, FIPS 11380)
    Location: 43.37240 N, 96.98743 W
    Population (1990): 276 (132 housing units)
    Area: 0.6 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water)
    Zip code(s): 57015

Din dicționarul U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Chancellor, SD -- U.S. town in South Dakota
     Population (2000):    328
     Housing Units (2000): 142
     Land area (2000):     0.246846 sq. miles (0.639328 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.246846 sq. miles (0.639328 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            11380
     Located within:       South Dakota (SD), FIPS 46
     Location:             43.372382 N, 96.987761 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     57015
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Chancellor, SD
      Chancellor
  

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