6 dicționare găsite pentru defence
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :
Defence \De*fence"\ (d[-e]*f[e^]ns"), n. & v. t. See Defense. [1913 Webster]Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :
Defense \De*fense"\, Defence \De*fence"\, n. [F. d['e]fense, OF. defense, fem., defens, masc., fr. L. defensa (cf. LL. defensum), from defendere. See Defend, and cf. Fence.] 1. The act of defending, or the state of being defended; protection, as from violence or danger. [1913 Webster] In cases of defense 't is best to weigh The enemy more mighty than he seems. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. That which defends or protects; anything employed to oppose attack, ward off violence or danger, or maintain security; a guard; a protection. [1913 Webster] War would arise in defense of the right. --Tennyson. [1913 Webster] God, the widow's champion and defense. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. Protecting plea; vindication; justification. [1913 Webster] Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defense. --Acts xxii. 1. [1913 Webster] 4. (Law) The defendant's answer or plea; an opposing or denial of the truth or validity of the plaintiff's or prosecutor's case; the method of proceeding adopted by the defendant to protect himself against the plaintiff's action. [1913 Webster] 5. Act or skill in making defense; defensive plan or policy; practice in self defense, as in fencing, boxing, etc. [1913 Webster] A man of great defense. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] By how much defense is better than no skill. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 6. Prohibition; a prohibitory ordinance. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Severe defenses . . . against wearing any linen under a certain breadth. --Sir W. Temple. [1913 Webster]Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :
Defense \De*fense"\, v. t. To furnish with defenses; to fortify. [Obs.] [Written also defence.] [1913 Webster] Better manned and more strongly defensed. --Hales. [1913 Webster]Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :
defence n 1: (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires [syn: defense mechanism, defense reaction, defence mechanism, defence reaction, defense] 2: (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring; "his teams are always good on defense" [syn: defense, defending team] [ant: offense, offense] 3: the defendant and his legal advisors collectively; "the defense called for a mistrial" [syn: defense, defense team, defense lawyers] [ant: prosecution] 4: an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack; "he joined the defense against invasion" [syn: defense, defense force, defence force] 5: the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions; "his refutation of the charges was short and persuasive"; "in defense he said the other man started it" [syn: refutation, defense] 6: the justification for some act or belief; "he offered a persuasive defense of the theory" [syn: defense, vindication] 7: a structure used for defense; "the artillery battered down the defenses" [syn: defensive structure, defense] 8: a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him; "he gave evidence for the defense" [syn: defense, denial, demurrer] [ant: prosecution] 9: military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies; "they died in the defense of Stalingrad"; "they were developed for the defense program" [syn: defense, defensive measure] 10: protection from harm; "sanitation is the best defense against disease" [syn: defense]Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :
DEFENCE, torts. A forcible resistance of an attack by force. 2. A man is justified, in defending his person, that of his wife, children, and servants, and for this purpose he may use as much force as may be necessary, even to killing the assailant, remembering that the means used must always be proportioned to the occasion, and an excess becomes, itself, an injury. 3. A man may also repel force by force in defence of his personal property, and even justify homicide against one Who manifestly intends or endeavors by violence or surprise to commit a known felony, as robbery. 4. With respect to the defence or protection of the possession of real property, although it is justifiable even to kill a person in the act of attempting to commit a forcible felony, as burglary or arson, yet this justification can only take place when the party in possession is wholly without fault. 1 Hale, 440, 444; 1 East, P. C. 259, 277. When a forcible attack is made upon the dwelling-house of another, without any felonious intent, but barely to commit a trespass, it is in general lawful to oppose force by force, when the former was clearly illegal. 7 Bing. 305; S. C. 20 Eng. C. L. Rep. 139. Vide, generally, Ham. N. P. 136, 151 1 Chit. Pr. 589, 616; Grot. lib. 2, c. 1 Rutherf. Inst. B. 1, c. 16.Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :
DEFENCE, pleading, practice. It is defined to be the denial of the truth or validity of the complaint, and does not signify a justification. It is a general assertion that the plaintiff has no ground of action, which assertion is afterwards extended and maintained in the plea. 3 Bl. Com. 296; Co. Litt. 127. It is similar to the contestatio litis of the civilians. 2. Defence is of two descriptions; first half defence, which is as follows, "venit et defendit vim et injuriam, et dicit," &c.; or secondly, full defence, "venit et defendit vim et injuriam, quando," &c. meaning "quando et ubi curia consideravit," (or when and where it shall behoove him,) "et damna et quicquid quod ipse defendere debet et dicit," &c. Co. Litt. 127, b; Bac. Abr. Pleas, D Willis, 41. 3. In strictness, the words quando, &c. ought not to be added when only half defence is to be made; and after the words "venit et defendit vim et injuriam," the subject matter of the plea should immediately be stated. Gilb. C. P. 188; 8 T. R. 6 3 2; 3 B. & P. 9, n. a. 4. It has, however, now become the practice in all cases, whether half or full defence be intended, to, state it a's follows: "And the said C D, by M N, his attorney, comes and defends the wrong, (or in trespass, force) and injury, when, &c. and says," which will be considered only as half defence in cases where such defence should be made, and as full defence where the latter is necessary. 8 T. R. 633; Willis, 41 3 B. & P. 9; 2 Saund. 209, c. 5. If full defence were made expressly by the words "when and where it shall behoove him," and "the damages and whatever else he ought to defend," the defendant would be precluded from pleading to the jurisdiction or in abatement, for by defending when and where it shall behoove him, the defendant acknowledges the jurisdiction of the court and by defending the damages he waives all. exception to the person of the plaintiff. 2 Saund. 209, c.; 3 Bl. Com. 297 Co. Litt. 127, b Bac. Abr. Pleas, D. 6. Want of defence being only matter of form, the omission is aided by general demurrer. 3 Salk. 271. See further, 7 Vin. Abr. 497; 1 Chit. Pl. 410; Com. Dig. Abatement, I 16; Gould. on Pl. c. 2, s. 6-15; Steph. Pl. 430. 7. In another sense, defence signifies a justification; as, the defendant has made a successful defence to the charge laid in the indictment. 8. The Act of Congress of April 30, 1790, 1 Story, L. U. S. 89, acting upon the principles adopted in perhaps all the states, enacts, Sec. 28, that every person accused and indicted of the crime of treason, or other capital offence, shall "be allowed and admitted to make his full defence by counsel learned in the law; and the court before whom such person shall be tried, or some judge thereof, shall, and they are hereby authorized and requited, immediately upon his request, to assign to such person such counsel, not exceeding two, as such person shall desire, to whom such counsel shall have free access, at all seasonable hours; and every such person or persons, accused or indicted of the crimes aforesaid, shall be allowed and admitted in his said defence, to make any proof that he or they can produce, by lawful witness or witnesses, and shall have the like process of the court where he or they shall be tried, to compel his or their witnesses to appear at his or their trial, as is usually granted to compel witnesses to appear on the prosecution against them." 9. Defences in equity may be classed in two divisions, namely into dilatory defences, (q.v.) and into those which are peremptory. Matters of peremptory or permanent defences may be also divided into two sorts, first, those where the plaintiff never had any right to institute the suit; for example: 1. That the plaintiff had not a superior right to the defendant. 2. That the defendant has no interest. 3. That there is no privity between the plaintiff and defendant, or any right to sustain the suit. Secondly, those that insist that the original right, if any, is extinguished or determined; as, 1. When the right is determined by the act of the parties; or, 2. When it is determined by operation of law. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4199, et seq.; 1 Montag. Eq. Pl. 89. See Dilatory Defence; Merits.
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