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delirium


5 dicționare găsite pentru delirium
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Delirium \De*lir"i*um\ (d[-e]*l[i^]r"[i^]*[u^]m), n. [L., fr.
     delirare to rave, to wander in mind, prop., to go out of the
     furrow in plowing; de- + lira furrow, track; perh. akin to G.
     geleise track, rut, and E. last to endure.]
     1. (Med.) A state in which the thoughts, expressions, and
        actions are wild, irregular, and incoherent; mental
        aberration; a roving or wandering of the mind, -- usually
        dependent on a fever or some other disease, and so
        distinguished from mania, or madness.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Strong excitement; wild enthusiasm; madness.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The popular delirium [of the French Revolution] at
              first caught his enthusiastic mind.   --W. Irving.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The delirium of the preceding session (of
              Parliament).                          --Morley.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Delirium tremens. [L., trembling delirium] (Med.), a
        violent delirium induced by the excessive and prolonged
        use of intoxicating liquors.
  
     Traumatic delirium (Med.), a variety of delirium following
        injury.
  
     Syn: Insanity; frenzy; madness; derangement; aberration;
          mania; lunacy; fury. See Insanity.
          [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  delirium
       n 1: state of violent mental agitation [syn: craze, frenzy, fury,
             hysteria]
       2: a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion
          often accompanied by hallucinations

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  106 Moby Thesaurus words for "delirium":
     abandon, afebrile delirium, agnosia, apparition, ardor, block,
     blocking, brainchild, brainstorm, bubble, calenture,
     childbed fever, chimera, continued fever, craze, deliriousness,
     delusion, delusion of persecution, disorientation, ecstasy,
     eidolon, enthusiasm, eruptive fever, fancy, fantasque, fantasy,
     febricity, febrility, fervor, fever, fever heat, feverishness,
     fiction, figment, fire, fire and fury, flight of ideas, flush,
     frenzy, furor, furore, fury, hallucination, hallucinosis, heat,
     hectic, hectic fever, hectic flush, hyperpyrexia, hyperthermia,
     hysteria, idle fancy, illusion, imagery, imagination, imagining,
     incoherence, insubstantial image, intermittent fever, intoxication,
     invention, lingual delirium, madness, maggot, make-believe,
     mental block, mental confusion, myth, nihilism,
     nihilistic delusion, orgasm, orgy, paralogia, passion, phantasm,
     phantom, protein fever, psychological block, puerperal fever,
     pyrexia, rage, ranting, rapture, raving, ravishment,
     relapsing fever, remittent, remittent fever, romance, sick fancy,
     tearing passion, thick-coming fancies, towering rage, transport,
     trip, urethral fever, vaccinal fever, vapor, vision, wandering,
     water fever, whim, whimsy, wildest dreams, wound fever, zeal  
     
Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  Delirium
       
          An embedding coordinate language for parallel programming,
          implemented on Sequent Symmetry, Cray, BBN Butterfly.
       
          ["Parallel Programming with Coordination Structures", S. Lucco
          et al, 18th POPL, pp.197-208 (1991)].
       
       

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  DELIRIUM, med.jur. A disease of the mind produced by inflammations, 
  particularly in fevers, and other bodily diseases. 
       2. It is also occasioned by intoxicating agents. 
       3. Delirium manifests its first appearance "by a propensity of the 
  patient to talk during sleep, and a momentary forgetfulness of his 
  situation, and of things about him, on waking from it. And after being fully 
  aroused, however, and his senses collected, the mind is comparatively clear 
  and tranquil, till the next slumber, when the same scene is repeated. 
  Gradually the mental disorder becomes more intense, and the intervals 
  between its returns of shorter duration, until they are scarcely, or not at 
  all perceptible. The patient lies on his back, his eyes, if open, presenting 
  a dull and listless look, and is almost constantly talking to himself in a 
  low, muttering tone. Regardless of persons or things around him and scarcely 
  capable of recognizing them when aroused by his attendants, his mind retires 
  within itself to dwell upon the scenes and events of the past, which pass 
  before it in wild and disorderly array, while the tongue feebly records the 
  varying impressions, in the form of disjointed, incoherent discourse, or of 
  senseless rhapsody. In the delirium which occurs towards the end of chrome 
  diseases, the discourse is often more coherent and continuous, though the 
  mind is no less absorbed in its own reveries. As the disorder advances, the 
  voice becomes more indistinct, the fingers are constantly picking at the 
  bed-clothes, the evacuations are passed insensibly, and the patient is 
  incapable of being aroused to any further effort of attention. In some 
  cases, delirium is attended with a greater degree of nervous and vascular 
  excitement, which more or less modifies the abovementioned symptoms. The 
  eyes are open, dry, and bloodshot, intently gazing into vacancy, as if fixed 
  on some object which is really present to the mind of the patient; the skin 
  is hotter and dryer; and he is more restless and intractable. He talks more 
  loudly, occasionally breaking out into cries and vociferation, and tosses 
  about in bed, frequently endeavoring to get up, though without any 
  particular object in view." Ray, Med. Jur. Sec. 213. 
       4. "So closely does delirium resemble mania to the casual observer, and 
  so important is it that they should be distinguished from each other, that 
  it may be well to indicate some of the most common and prominent features of 
  each. In mania, the patient recognizes persons and things, and is perfectly 
  conscious of, and remembers what is passing around him. In delirium, he can 
  seldom distinguish one person or thing from another, and, as if fully 
  occupied with the images that crowd upon his memory, gives no attention to 
  those that are presented from without. In delirium, there is an entire 
  abolition of the reasoning power; there is no attempt at reasoning at all; 
  the ideas are all and equally insane; no single train of thought escapes the 
  morbid influence, nor does a single operation of the mind reveal a glimpse 
  of its natural vigor and acuteness. In mania, however false and absurd the 
  ideas may be, we are never at a loss to discover patches of coherence, and 
  some semblance of logical sequence in the discourse. The patient still 
  reasons, but he reasons incorrectly. In mania, the muscular power is not 
  perceptibly diminished, and the individual moves about with his ordinary 
  ability. Delirium is invariably attended with great muscular debility; and 
  the patient is confined to bed, and is capable of only a momentary effort of 
  exertion. In mania, sensation is not necessarily impaired and, in most 
  instances, the maniac sees, bears, and feels with all his natural acuteness. 
  In delirium, sensation is greatly impaired, and this avenue to the 
  understanding seems to be entirely closed. In mania, many of the bodily 
  functions are undisturbed, and the appearance of the patient might not, at 
  first sight, convey the impression of disease. In delirium, every function 
  suffers, and the whole aspect of the patient is indicative of disease. Mania 
  exists alone and independent of any other disorder, while delirium is only a 
  symptom or attendant of some other disease. Being a symptom only, the latter 
  maintains certain relations with the disease on which it depends; it is 
  relieved when that is relieved, and is aggravated when that increases in 
  severity. Mannia, though it undoubtedly tends to shorten life, is not 
  immediately dangerous; whereas the disease on which delirium depends, 
  speedily terminates in death, or restoration to health. Mania never occurs 
  till after the age of puberty; delirium attacks all periods alike, from 
  early childhood to extreme old age." Id. Sec. 216. 
       5. In the inquiry as to the validity of testamentary dispositions, it 
  is of great importance, in many cases, to ascertain whether the testator 
  labored under delirium, or whether he was of sound mind. Vide Sound mind; 
  Unsound mind; 2 Addams, R. 441; 1 Addams, Rep. 229, 383; 1 Hagg. R. 577; 2 
  Hagg. R. 142; 1 Lee, Eccl. R. 130; 2 Lee, Eccl. R. 229; 1 Hag. Eccl. Rep. 
  256. 
  
  

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