5 dicționare găsite pentru deviation
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :
deviation \de`vi*a"tion\, n. [LL. deviatio: cf. F. d['e]viation.] 1. The act of deviating; a wandering from the way; variation from the common way, from an established rule, etc.; departure, as from the right course or the path of duty. [1913 Webster] 2. The state or result of having deviated; a transgression; an act of sin; an error; an offense. [1913 Webster] 3. (Com.) The voluntary and unnecessary departure of a ship from, or delay in, the regular and usual course of the specific voyage insured, thus releasing the underwriters from their responsibility. [1913 Webster] 4. (Statistics, Physics) the difference between an expected value of an observation or measurement and the actual value. [PJC] Deviation of a falling body (Physics), that deviation from a strictly vertical line of descent which occurs in a body falling freely, in consequence of the rotation of the earth. Deviation of the compass, the angle which the needle of a ship's compass makes with the magnetic meridian by reason of the magnetism of the iron parts of the ship. Deviation of the line of the vertical, the difference between the actual direction of a plumb line and the direction it would have if the earth were a perfect ellipsoid and homogeneous, -- caused by the attraction of a mountain, or irregularities in the earth's density. [1913 Webster]Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :
deviation n 1: a variation that deviates from the standard or norm; "the deviation from the mean" [syn: divergence, departure, difference] 2: the difference between an observed value and the expected value of a variable or function 3: the error of a compass due to local magnetic disturbances 4: deviate behavior [syn: deviance] 5: a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern); "a diversion from the main highway"; "a digression into irrelevant details"; "a deflection from his goal" [syn: diversion, digression, deflection, deflexion, divagation]Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :
309 Moby Thesaurus words for "deviation": aberrance, aberrancy, aberration, abnormality, abnormity, about-face, accommodation, adaptation, adjustment, allowance, alteration, ambages, amelioration, amorphism, anamorphism, anamorphosis, anomalism, anomalousness, anomaly, apostasy, approximation, asymmetry, bend, betterment, blunder, breach, break, buckle, bypass, bypath, byway, capriciousness, centrifugence, change, change of heart, changeability, changeableness, choppiness, circling, circuit, circuition, circuitousness, circuitry, circularity, circulation, circumambience, circumambiency, circumambulation, circumbendibus, circumflexion, circumlocution, circummigration, circumnavigation, conceit, constructive change, continuity, contortion, contrariety, contrast, conversion, crackpotism, crank, crankiness, crankism, crookedness, crosswiseness, crotchet, crotchetiness, dappleness, decentralization, declination, defection, deflection, deflexure, degeneration, degenerative change, departure, deployment, derangement, deterioration, detorsion, detour, deviance, deviancy, deviousness, diagonality, difference, differentiation, differentness, digression, disaccord, disaccordance, disagreement, disconformity, discongruity, discontinuity, discordance, discrepancy, discreteness, discursion, disorder, disparity, disproportion, dissent, dissimilarity, dissonance, distinction, distinctness, distortion, divagation, divarication, divergence, divergency, diversification, diversion, diversity, division, dottiness, double, eccentricity, episode, erraticism, erraticness, error, excursion, excursus, failing, fanning, fanning out, far cry, fault, fitting, flip-flop, freakiness, freakishness, gnarl, gradual change, gyre, gyring, heterogeneity, heteromorphism, idiocrasy, idiosyncrasy, imbalance, imprecision, improvement, inaccordance, inaccuracy, inaccurateness, incompatibility, incongruity, inconsistency, inconsonance, inconstancy, incorrectness, indirection, indirectness, inequality, inexactitude, inexactness, inferiority, inharmoniousness, inharmony, instability, irreconcilability, irregularity, jerkiness, kink, knot, lapse, laxity, looseness, lopsidedness, maggot, mannerism, meandering, melioration, mercuriality, mitigation, mixture, modification, modulation, monstrosity, motleyness, mutability, negligence, noncompliance, nonconcurrence, nonconformance, nonconformism, nonconformity, nonobservance, nonstandardization, nonuniformity, obliqueness, obliquity, oddity, odds, opposition, orbit, orbiting, originality, otherness, overthrow, peculiarity, pluralism, predictable error, probable error, protest, qualification, queerness, quip, quirk, quirkiness, radical change, raggedness, re-creation, realignment, recalcitrance, recusance, recusancy, redesign, reform, reformation, refractoriness, remaking, renewal, reshaping, restructuring, reversal, revival, revivification, revolution, roundabout, roundabout way, roundaboutness, rounding, screw, separateness, separation, shift, side path, side road, sidetrack, singularity, skewness, spiral, spiraling, splaying, spread, spreading, spreading out, squint, standard deviation, strangeness, subnormality, sudden change, superiority, switch, tack, teratism, tolerance, torsion, tortuosity, total change, transgression, transition, transverseness, trick, turn, turnabout, turning, twist, unconformism, unconformity, unconventionality, uncorrectness, unevenness, unfactualness, unlikeness, unnaturalism, unnaturalness, unorthodoxy, unpreciseness, unrigorousness, unsteadiness, unsymmetry, upheaval, vagary, variability, variance, variation, variegation, variety, variousness, versatility, violation, violent change, warp, wavering, wheeling, whim, whimsicality, whimsy, worsening, wrench, wrest, wring, yawDin dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :
DEVIATION, insurance, contracts. A voluntary departure, without necessity, or any reasonable cause, from the regular and usual course of the voyage insured. 2. From the moment this happens, the voyage is changed, the contract determined, and the insurer discharged from all subsequent responsibility. By the contract, the insurer only runs the risk of the contract agreed upon, and no other; and it is, therefore, a condition implied in the policy, that the ship shall proceed to her port of destination by the. shortest and safest course, and on no account to deviate from that course, but in cases of necessity. 1 Mood. & Rob. 60; 17 Ves. 364; 3 Bing. 637; 12 East, 578. 3. The effect of a deviation is not to vitiate or avoid the policy, but only to determine the liability of the underwriters from the time of the deviation. If, therefore, the ship or goods, after the voyage has commenced, receive damage, then the ship deviates, and afterwards a loss happen, there, though the insurer is discharged from the time of the deviation, and is not answerable for the subsequent loss, yet he is bound to make good the damage sustained previous to the deviation. 2 Lord Raym. 842 2 Salk. 444. 4. But though he is thus discharged from subsequent responsibility, he is entitled to retain the whole premium. Dougl. 271; 1 Marsh. Ins. 183; Park. Ins. 294. See 2 Phil. Ev. 60, n. (b) where the American cases are cited. 5. What amounts to a deviation is not easily defined, but a departure from the usual course of the voyage, or remaining at places where the ship is authorized to touch, longer than necessary, or doing there what the insured is not authorized to do; as, if the ship have merely liberty to touch at a point, and the insured stay there to trade, or break bulk, it is a deviation. 4 Dall. 274 1 Peters' C. C. R. 104; Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 6, s. 2. By the course of the voyage is not meant the shortest course the ship can take from her port of departure to her port of destination, but the regular and customary track, if such there be, which long us usage has proved to be the safest and most convenient. 1 Marsh. Ins. 185. See 3 Johns. Cas. 352; 7 T. R. 162. 6. A deviation that will discharge the insurer, must be a voluntary departure from the usual course of the voyage insured, and not warranted by any necessity. If a deviation can be justified by necessity, it will not affect the contract; and necessity will justify a deviation, though it proceed from a cause not insured against. The cases of necessity which are most frequently adduced to justify a departure from the direct or usual course of the voyage, are, 1st. Stress of weather. 2d. The want of necessary repairs. 3d. Joining convoy. 4th. Succouring ships in distress. 5th. Avoiding capture or detention. 6th. Sickness of the master or mariner. 7th. Mutiny of the crew. See Park, Ins. c. 17; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1187, et seq.; 2 John. Cas. 296; 11 Johns. R. 241; Pet. C. C. R. 98; 2 Johns. Rep. 89; 14 Johns. R. 315; 2 Johns. R. 138; 9 Johns. R. 192; 8 Johns. Rep. 491; 13 Mass. 68 13 Mass. 539; Id. 118; 14 Mass. 12 1 Johns. Cas. 313; 11 Johns. R. 241; 3 Johns. R. 352; 10 Johns. R. 83; 1 Johns. R. 301; 9 Mass. 436, 447; 3 Binn. 457 7 Mass. 349; 5 Mass. 1; 8 Mass. 308 6 Mass. 102 121 6 Mass. 122 7 Cranch, 26; Id. 487; 3 Wheat. 159 7 Mass. 365; 10 Mass. 21 Id. 347 7 Johns. Rep. 864; 3 Johns. R. 352; 4 Dall. R. 274 5 Binn. 403; 2 Serg. & Raw. 309; 2 Cranch, 240.Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :
DEVIATION, contracts. When a plan has been adopted for a building, and in the progress of the work a change has been made from the original plan, the change is called a deviation. 2. When the contract is to build a house according to the original plan, and a deviation takes place, the contract shall be traced as far as possible, and the additions, if any have been made, shall be paid for according to the usual rate of charging. 3 Barn. & Ald. 47; and see 1 Ves. jr. 60; 10 Ves. jr. 306; 14 Ves. 413; 13 Ves. 73; Id. 81 6 Johns. Ch. R. 38; 3 Cranch, 270; 5 Cranch, 262; 3 Ves. 693; 7 Ves. 274; Chit. Contr. 168; 9 Pick. 298. 3. The Civil Code of Louisiana, art. 2734, provides, that when an architect or other workman has undertaken the building of a house by the job, according to a plot agreed on between him and the owner of the ground, he cannot claim an increase of the price agreed on, on the plea of the original plot having been changed and extended, unless he can prove that such changes have been made in compliance with the wishes of the proprietor.
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