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field


9 dicționare găsite pentru field
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gun \Gun\ (g[u^]n), n. [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin;
     cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon)
     fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E.
     mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.]
     1. A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance;
        any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles,
        consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which
        the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such
        as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by
        various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and
        fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are
        called small arms. Larger guns are called cannon,
        ordnance, fieldpieces, carronades, howitzers, etc.
        See these terms in the Vocabulary.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              As swift as a pellet out of a gunne
              When fire is in the powder runne.     --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The word gun was in use in England for an engine to
              cast a thing from a man long before there was any
              gunpowder found out.                  --Selden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a
        cannon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. pl. (Naut.) Violent blasts of wind.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Guns are classified, according to their construction or
           manner of loading as rifled or smoothbore,
           breech-loading or muzzle-loading, cast or
           built-up guns; or according to their use, as field,
           mountain, prairie, seacoast, and siege guns.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Armstrong gun, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named
        after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong.
  
     Big gun or Great gun, a piece of heavy ordnance; hence
        (Fig.), a person superior in any way; as, bring in the big
        guns to tackle the problem.
  
     Gun barrel, the barrel or tube of a gun.
  
     Gun carriage, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or
        moved.
  
     Gun cotton (Chem.), a general name for a series of
        explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping
        cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are
        formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the
        results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It
        burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly
        and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity.
        Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are
        insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the
        highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See Pyroxylin, and
        cf. Xyloidin. The gun cottons are used for blasting and
        somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded
        with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for
        making collodion. See Celluloid, and Collodion. Gun
        cotton is frequenty but improperly called
        nitrocellulose. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester
        of nitric acid.
  
     Gun deck. See under Deck.
  
     Gun fire, the time at which the morning or the evening gun
        is fired.
  
     Gun metal, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of
        copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is
        also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.
  
     Gun port (Naut.), an opening in a ship through which a
        cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.
  
     Gun tackle (Naut.), the blocks and pulleys affixed to the
        side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from
        the gun port.
  
     Gun tackle purchase (Naut.), a tackle composed of two
        single blocks and a fall. --Totten.
  
     Krupp gun, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named
        after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.
  
     Machine gun, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns,
        mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a
        reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the
        gun or guns and fired in rapid succession. In earlier
        models, such as the Gatling gun, the cartridges were
        loaded by machinery operated by turning a crank. In modern
        versions the loading of cartidges is accomplished by
        levers operated by the recoil of the explosion driving the
        bullet, or by the pressure of gas within the barrel.
        Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute by such
        weapons, with accurate aim. The Gatling gun, Gardner
        gun, Hotchkiss gun, and Nordenfelt gun, named for
        their inventors, and the French mitrailleuse, are
        machine guns.
  
     To blow great guns (Naut.), to blow a gale. See Gun, n.,
        3.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  field \field\ (f[=e]ld), n. [OE. feld, fild, AS. feld; akin to
     D. veld, G. feld, Sw. f[aum]lt, Dan. felt, Icel. fold field
     of grass, AS. folde earth, land, ground, OS. folda.]
     1. Cleared land; land suitable for tillage or pasture;
        cultivated ground; the open country.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A piece of land of considerable size; esp., a piece
        inclosed for tillage or pasture.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Fields which promise corn and wine.   --Byron.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A place where a battle is fought; also, the battle itself.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              In this glorious and well-foughten field. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              What though the field be lost?        --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. An open space; an extent; an expanse. Esp.:
        (a) Any blank space or ground on which figures are drawn
            or projected.
        (b) The space covered by an optical instrument at one
            view; as, wide-field binoculars.
            [1913 Webster + PJC]
  
                  Without covering, save yon field of stars.
                                                    --Shak.
            [1913 Webster]
  
                  Ask of yonder argent fields above. --Pope.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Her.) The whole surface of an escutcheon; also, so much
        of it is shown unconcealed by the different bearings upon
        it. See Illust. of Fess, where the field is represented
        as gules (red), while the fess is argent (silver).
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. An unresticted or favorable opportunity for action,
        operation, or achievement; province; room.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Afforded a clear field for moral experiments.
                                                    --Macaulay.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Sports) An open, usually flat, piece of land on which a
        sports contest is played; a playing field; as, a football
        field; a baseball field.
  
     Syn: playing field, athletic field, playing area.
          [PJC]
  
     8. Specifically: (Baseball) That part of the grounds reserved
        for the players which is outside of the diamond; -- called
        also outfield.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. A geographic region (land or sea) which has some notable
        feature, activity or valuable resource; as, the diamond
        fields of South Africa; an oil field; a gold field; an ice
        field.
        [WordNet 1.6]
  
     10. A facility having an airstrip where airplanes can take
         off and land; an airfield.
  
     Syn: airfield, landing field, flying field, aerodrome.
          [WordNet 1.6]
  
     11. A collective term for all the competitors in any outdoor
         contest or trial, or for all except the favorites in the
         betting.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     12. A branch of knowledge or sphere of activity; especially,
         a learned or professional discipline; as, she's an expert
         in the field of geology; in what field did she get her
         doctorate?; they are the top company in the field of
         entertainment.
  
     Syn: discipline, subject, subject area, subject field, field
          of study, study, branch of knowledge.
          [WordNet 1.6]
  
     Note: Within the master text files of this electronic
           dictionary, where a word is used in a specific sense in
           some specialized field of knowledge, that field is
           indicated by the tags: () preceding that sense of the
           word.
           [PJC]
  
     13. A location, usually outdoors, away from a studio or
         office or library or laboratory, where practical work is
         done or data is collected; as, anthropologists do much of
         their work in the field; the paleontologist is in the
         field collecting specimens. Usually used in the phrase
  
     in the field.
        [WordNet 1.6]
  
     14. (Physics) The influence of a physical object, such as an
         electrically charged body, which is capable of exerting
         force on objects at a distance; also, the region of space
         over which such an influence is effective; as, the
         earth's gravitational field; an electrical field; a
         magnetic field; a force field.
         [PJC]
  
     15. (Math.) A set of elements within which operations can be
         defined analagous to the operations of addition,
         subtraction, multiplication, and division on the real
         numbers; within such a set of elements addition and
         multiplication are commutative and associative and
         multiplication is distributive over addition and there
         are two elements 0 and 1; a commutative division ring;
         as, the set of all rational numbers is a field.
         [WordNet 1.6]
  
     Note: Field is often used adjectively in the sense of
           belonging to, or used in, the fields; especially with
           reference to the operations and equipments of an army
           during a campaign away from permanent camps and
           fortifications. In most cases such use of the word is
           sufficiently clear; as, field battery; field
           fortification; field gun; field hospital, etc. A field
           geologist, naturalist, etc., is one who makes
           investigations or collections out of doors. A survey
           uses a field book for recording field notes, i.e.,
           measurment, observations, etc., made in field work
           (outdoor operations). A farmer or planter employs field
           hands, and may use a field roller or a field derrick.
           Field sports are hunting, fishing, athletic games, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Coal field (Geol.) See under Coal.
  
     Field artillery, light ordnance mounted on wheels, for the
        use of a marching army.
  
     Field basil (Bot.), a plant of the Mint family ({Calamintha
        Acinos); -- called also basil thyme.
  
     Field colors (Mil.), small flags for marking out the
        positions for squadrons and battalions; camp colors.
  
     Field cricket (Zool.), a large European cricket ({Gryllus
        campestric), remarkable for its loud notes.
  
     Field day.
         (a) A day in the fields.
         (b) (Mil.) A day when troops are taken into the field for
             instruction in evolutions. --Farrow.
         (c) A day of unusual exertion or display; a gala day.
  
     Field driver, in New England, an officer charged with the
        driving of stray cattle to the pound.
  
     Field+duck+(Zool.),+the+little+bustard+({Otis+tetrax">Field duck (Zool.), the little bustard ({Otis tetrax),
        found in Southern Europe.
  
     Field glass. (Optics)
         (a) A binocular telescope of compact form; a lorgnette; a
             race glass.
         (b) A small achromatic telescope, from 20 to 24 inches
             long, and having 3 to 6 draws.
         (c) See Field lens.
  
     Field lark. (Zool.)
         (a) The skylark.
         (b) The tree pipit.
  
     Field lens (Optics), that one of the two lenses forming the
        eyepiece of an astronomical telescope or compound
        microscope which is nearer the object glass; -- called
        also field glass.
  
     Field+madder+(Bot.),+a+plant+({Sherardia+arvensis">Field madder (Bot.), a plant ({Sherardia arvensis) used in
        dyeing.
  
     Field marshal (Mil.), the highest military rank conferred
        in the British and other European armies.
  
     Field officer (Mil.), an officer above the rank of captain
        and below that of general.
  
     Field officer's court (U.S.Army), a court-martial
        consisting of one field officer empowered to try all
        cases, in time of war, subject to jurisdiction of garrison
        and regimental courts. --Farrow.
  
     Field plover (Zool.), the black-bellied plover ({Charadrius
        squatarola); also sometimes applied to the Bartramian
        sandpiper ({Bartramia longicauda).
  
     Field spaniel (Zool.), a small spaniel used in hunting
        small game.
  
     Field sparrow. (Zool.)
         (a) A small American sparrow ({Spizella pusilla).
         (b) The hedge sparrow. [Eng.]
  
     Field staff (Mil.), a staff formerly used by gunners to
        hold a lighted match for discharging a gun.
  
     Field vole (Zool.), the European meadow mouse.
  
     Field of ice, a large body of floating ice; a pack.
  
     Field, or Field of view, in a telescope or microscope,
        the entire space within which objects are seen.
  
     Field magnet. see under Magnet.
  
     Magnetic field. See Magnetic.
  
     To back the field, or To bet on the field. See under
        Back, v. t. -- To keep the field.
         (a) (Mil.) To continue a campaign.
         (b) To maintain one's ground against all comers.
  
     To lay against the field or To back against the field, to
        bet on (a horse, etc.) against all comers.
  
     To take the field (Mil.), to enter upon a campaign.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Field \Field\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Fielded; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Fielding.]
     1. To take the field. [Obs.] --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Ball Playing) To stand out in the field, ready to catch,
        stop, or throw the ball.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Field \Field\, v. t. (Ball Playing)
     To catch, stop, throw, etc. (the ball), as a fielder.
     [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  field
       n 1: a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed; "he
            planted a field of wheat"
       2: a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought; "they
          made a tour of Civil War battlefields" [syn: battlefield,
           battleground, field of battle, field of honor]
       3: somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or
          laboratory) where practical work is done or data is
          collected; "anthropologists do much of their work in the
          field"
       4: a branch of knowledge; "in what discipline is his
          doctorate?"; "teachers should be well trained in their
          subject"; "anthropology is the study of human beings"
          [syn: discipline, subject, subject area, subject
          field, field of study, study, bailiwick, branch of
          knowledge]
       5: the space around a radiating body within which its
          electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another
          similar body not in contact with it [syn: field of force,
           force field]
       6: a particular kind of commercial enterprise; "they are
          outstanding in their field" [syn: field of operation, line
          of business]
       7: a particular environment or walk of life; "his social sphere
          is limited"; "it was a closed area of employment"; "he's
          out of my orbit" [syn: sphere, domain, area, orbit,
           arena]
       8: a piece of land prepared for playing a game; "the home crowd
          cheered when Princeton took the field" [syn: playing
          field, athletic field, playing area]
       9: extensive tract of level open land; "they emerged from the
          woods onto a vast open plain"; "he longed for the fields
          of his youth" [syn: plain, champaign]
       10: (mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and
           multiplication are commutative and associative and
           multiplication is distributive over addition and there
           are two elements 0 and 1; "the set of all rational
           numbers is a field"
       11: a region in which active military operations are in
           progress; "the army was in the field awaiting action";
           "he served in the Vietnam theater for three years" [syn:
           field of operations, theater, theater of operations,
            theatre, theatre of operations]
       12: all of the horses in a particular horse race
       13: all the competitors in a particular contest or sporting
           event
       14: a geographic region (land or sea) under which something
           valuable is found; "the diamond fields of South Africa"
       15: (computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters
           comprising a unit of information
       16: the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument)
           [syn: field of view]
       17: a place where planes take off and land [syn: airfield, landing
           field, flying field]
       v 1: catch or pick up (balls) in baseball or cricket
       2: play as a fielder
       3: answer adequately or successfully; "The lawyer fielded all
          questions from the press"
       4: select (a team or individual player) for a game; "The
          Patriots fielded a young new quarterback for the Rose
          Bowl"

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  461 Moby Thesaurus words for "field":
     DMZ, academic discipline, academic specialty, aceldama,
     achievement, acreage, aerodrome, agora, air base, airdrome,
     airfield, airport, alerion, ambit, amphitheater, ample scope,
     animal charge, annulet, answer, applicants, applied science,
     arable, archery ground, area, arena, argent, armorial bearings,
     armory, arms, art, athletic field, auditorium, azure, back,
     backdrop, background, badminton court, bag, bailiwick, bandeau,
     bar, bar sinister, baseball field, basketball court, baton,
     battle line, battle site, battlefield, battleground, bear garden,
     bearings, beat, bend, bend sinister, billet, billiard parlor,
     blank check, blazon, blazonry, block, border, borderland, bordure,
     bounds, bowl, bowling alley, bowling green, boxing ring, breadth,
     broad arrow, bull ring, cadency mark, campus, candidates, canton,
     canvas, carte blanche, catch, champaign, chaplet, charge, chevron,
     chief, cincture, circle, circuit, circus, classical education,
     clearance, clearing, clos, close, coat of arms, cockatrice,
     cockpit, coliseum, colosseum, combat area, combat zone, common,
     compass, competition, competitor, competitors, concern, confine,
     confines, container, contender, contestant, continuum, coop,
     cope with, core curriculum, corn field, coronet, corrival, course,
     course of study, court, courtyard, crescent, crest, cricket ground,
     croft, croquet ground, croquet lawn, cross, cross moline, crown,
     cultivated land, cup of tea, curriculum, curtilage, deal with,
     delimited field, demesne, department, department of knowledge,
     device, diamond, difference, differencing, dimension, discipline,
     distance, division, domain, dominion, eagle, elbowroom, elective,
     emptiness, empty space, emulator, enclave, enclosure, enemy line,
     entrant, ermine, ermines, erminites, erminois, escutcheon, expanse,
     expansion, expertise, extension, extent, fairway, falcon, fess,
     fess point, field of battle, field of blood, field of inquiry,
     field of study, file, firing line, flanch, fleur-de-lis, floor,
     fold, football field, forte, forty, forum, free course, free hand,
     free play, free scope, fret, front line, full scope, full swing,
     fur, fusil, galactic space, garland, general education,
     general studies, glaciarium, golf course, golf links, grassland,
     green, greensward, gridiron, griffin, ground, gules, gym,
     gymnasium, gyron, hall, handle, hatchment, hayfield, heliport,
     helmet, hemisphere, heraldic device, hinterland, humanities,
     ice rink, impalement, impaling, inescutcheon, infield,
     infinite space, interest, interstellar space, island,
     judicial circuit, jurisdiction, killing ground, kraal, label, land,
     landing, landing beach, landing field, latitude, lawn, lea, leeway,
     liberal arts, limits, line, line of battle, links, lion, list,
     lists, locale, long rope, long suit, lot, lozenge, main interest,
     major, maneuvering space, manipulate, manner, mantling, march,
     margin, marketplace, marshaling, martlet, mascle, mat, mead,
     meadow, measure, metal, metier, milieu, minor, mise-en-scene,
     motto, mullet, natural science, no holds barred, nombril point,
     nothingness, octofoil, ology, open forum, open space, or, orb,
     orbit, ordinary, orle, outer space, outfield, oval, paddy,
     palaestra, pale, paling, paly, parade ground, parcel of land, park,
     pasture, patch, pean, pen, pet subject, pheon, pick up,
     piece of land, pit, place, plat, platform, play, player,
     playground, playing field, playroom, plot, plot of ground,
     polo ground, pool hall, poolroom, port, possibilities, precinct,
     prize ring, proportion, proseminar, province, public square,
     pure science, purlieu, purpure, pursuit, purview, putting green,
     quad, quadrangle, quadrivium, quarter, quartering, racecourse,
     racket court, range, reach, real estate, realm, rear,
     refresher course, region, reply to, respond to, retrieve, return,
     rice paddy, ring, rink, rival, room, rope, rose, round, sable,
     saltire, scene, scene of action, scenery, science,
     scientific education, scope, scutcheon, sea room, seat of war,
     section, seminar, setting, shambles, shield, site, skating rink,
     soccer field, social science, space, spatial extension, specialism,
     speciality, specialization, specialty, sphere, spread,
     spread eagle, square, squared circle, squash court, stadium, stage,
     stage set, stage setting, stop, strength, stretch, strong point,
     study, style, subdiscipline, subject, subordinary,
     superficial extension, surface, sward, sweep, swing,
     technical education, technicality, technicology, technics,
     technology, tenne, tennis court, terrain, territory, the field,
     the front, theater, theater of operations, theater of war, thing,
     tilting ground, tiltyard, tincture, toft, tolerance, torse, track,
     tract, tressure, trivium, turf, type, unicorn, vair, vert, vier,
     vocation, void, walk, way, weakness, wheat field, wide berth,
     wreath, wrestling ring, yale, yard, zone of communications  
     
Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  field
       
           An area of a database record, or
          graphical user interface form, into which a particular
          item of data is entered.
       
          Example usage: "The telephone number field is not really a
          numerical field", "Why do we need a four-digit field for the
          year?".
       
          A database column is the set of all instances of a given
          field from all records in a table.
       
          (1999-04-26)
       
       

Din dicționarul Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Field
     (Heb. sadeh), a cultivated field, but unenclosed. It is applied
     to any cultivated ground or pasture (Gen. 29:2; 31:4; 34:7), or
     tillage (Gen. 37:7; 47:24). It is also applied to woodland (Ps.
     132:6) or mountain top (Judg. 9:32, 36; 2 Sam. 1:21). It denotes
     sometimes a cultivated region as opposed to the wilderness (Gen.
     33:19; 36:35). Unwalled villages or scattered houses are spoken
     of as "in the fields" (Deut. 28:3, 16; Lev. 25:31; Mark 6:36,
     56). The "open field" is a place remote from a house (Gen. 4:8;
     Lev. 14:7, 53; 17:5). Cultivated land of any extent was called a
     field (Gen. 23:13, 17; 41:8; Lev. 27:16; Ruth 4:5; Neh. 12:29).
     

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  FIELD. A part of a farra separately enclosed; a close. 1 Chit. Pr. 160. The 
  Digest defines a field to be a piece of land without a house; ager est 
  locus, que sine villa est. Dig. 50, 16, 27. 
  
  

Caută field cu Omnilexica

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