dictionar englez roman

gall


9 dicționare găsite pentru gall
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gall \Gall\ (g[add]l), n. [F. galle, noix de galle, fr. L.
     galla.] (Zool.)
     An excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by
     insects or their larvae. They are most commonly caused by
     small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark and lay
     their eggs in the wounds. The larvae live within the galls.
     Some galls are due to aphids, mites, etc. See Gallnut.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The galls, or gallnuts, of commerce are produced by
           insects of the genus Cynips, chiefly on an oak
           ({Quercus infectoria syn. Quercus Lusitanica) of
           Western Asia and Southern Europe. They contain much
           tannin, and are used in the manufacture of that article
           and for making ink and a black dye, as well as in
           medicine.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Gall insect (Zool.), any insect that produces galls.
  
     Gall midge (Zool.), any small dipterous insect that
        produces galls.
  
     Gall+oak,+the+oak+({Quercus+infectoria">Gall oak, the oak ({Quercus infectoria) which yields the
        galls of commerce.
  
     Gall of glass, the neutral salt skimmed off from the
        surface of melted crown glass;- called also glass gall
        and sandiver. --Ure.
  
     Gall wasp. (Zool.) See Gallfly.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gall \Gall\ (g[add]l), n.[OE. galle, gal, AS. gealla; akin to D.
     gal, OS. & OHG. galla, Icel. gall, SW. galla, Dan. galde, L.
     fel, Gr. ?, and prob. to E. yellow. [root]49. See Yellow,
     and cf. Choler]
     1. (Physiol.) The bitter, alkaline, viscid fluid found in the
        gall bladder, beneath the liver. It consists of the
        secretion of the liver, or bile, mixed with that of the
        mucous membrane of the gall bladder.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The gall bladder.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Anything extremely bitter; bitterness; rancor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He hath . . . compassed me with gall and travail.
                                                    --Lam. iii. 5.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Comedy diverted without gall.         --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Impudence; brazen assurance. [Slang]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Gall bladder (Anat.), the membranous sac, in which the
        bile, or gall, is stored up, as secreted by the liver; the
        cholecystis. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus.
  
     Gall duct, a duct which conveys bile, as the cystic duct,
        or the hepatic duct.
  
     Gall sickness, a remitting bilious fever in the
        Netherlands. --Dunglison.
  
     Gall of the earth (Bot.), an herbaceous composite plant
        with variously lobed and cleft leaves, usually the
        Prenanthes serpentaria.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gall \Gall\, v. t. (Dyeing)
     To impregnate with a decoction of gallnuts. --Ure.
     [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gall \Gall\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Galled (g[add]ld); p. pr. &
     vb. n. Galling.] [OE. gallen; cf. F. galer to scratch, rub,
     gale scurf, scab, G. galle a disease in horses' feet, an
     excrescence under the tongue of horses; of uncertain origin.
     Cf. Gall gallnut.]
     1. To fret and wear away by friction; to hurt or break the
        skin of by rubbing; to chafe; to injure the surface of by
        attrition; as, a saddle galls the back of a horse; to gall
        a mast or a cable.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I am loth to gall a new-healed wound. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To fret; to vex; as, to be galled by sarcasm.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              They that are most galled with my folly,
              They most must laugh.                 --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To injure; to harass; to annoy; as, the troops were galled
        by the shot of the enemy.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              In our wars against the French of old, we used to
              gall them with our longbows, at a greater distance
              than they could shoot their arrows.   --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gall \Gall\, v. i.
     To scoff; to jeer. [R.] --Shak.
     [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gall \Gall\, n.
     A wound in the skin made by rubbing.
     [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  gall
       n 1: an open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or
            badly adjusted saddle [syn: saddle sore]
       2: a skin sore caused by chafing
       3: abnormal swelling of plant tissue caused by insects or
          microorganisms or injury
       4: a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will [syn: resentment,
           bitterness, rancor, rancour]
       5: a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the
          gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats [syn: bile]
       6: the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take
          liberties [syn: crust, impertinence, impudence, insolence,
           cheekiness, freshness]
       v 1: become or make sore by or as if by rubbing [syn: chafe, fret]
       2: irritate or vex; "It galls me that we lost the suit" [syn: irk]

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  369 Moby Thesaurus words for "gall":
     ablate, abrade, abrase, abrasion, acerbity, acid, acidity,
     acidulousness, acridity, acridness, acrimony, afflict, affliction,
     aggravate, aggravation, agonize, ail, anger, animosity, annoy,
     annoyance, arouse, arrogance, asperity, astringence, astringency,
     audacity, autacoid, bad humor, bad temper, badger, balls, bark,
     bedevil, bile, bilge, biliousness, bite, bitter cup, bitter draft,
     bitter draught, bitter pill, bitter resentment, bitterness,
     bitterness of spirit, blain, bleb, blemish, blister, blob, bloody,
     boss, bother, bow, brashness, brass, brazen boldness, brazenness,
     break, bubble, bulb, bulge, bulla, bump, bunch, burden,
     burden of care, burl, burn, burn up, button, cahot,
     cankerworm of care, care, causticity, causticness, chafe, chalone,
     check, cheek, chide, chine, chip, choler, chutzpah, claw, clump,
     conceit, concussion, condyle, confidence, convex, convulse,
     corrosiveness, crack, crackle, craze, cross, crown of thorns,
     crucify, crust, curse, cut, digestive secretion, discontent,
     distress, disturb, dowel, ear, effrontery, embitterment,
     encumbrance, endocrine, enrage, erase, erode, exacerbate,
     exacerbation, exasperate, exasperation, excoriate, excruciate,
     exercise, face, fester, file, flange, flap, flash burn, fracture,
     fray, frazzle, fret, front, gall and wormwood, gash, gastric juice,
     get, give pain, gnarl, gnashing of teeth, gnaw, gnaw away, goad,
     grate, grate on, gravel, graze, grievance, grind, gripe, grit,
     guts, handle, harass, hard feelings, harrow, harry, harshness,
     haughtiness, heartburning, hector, heroics, hill, hormone, hubris,
     hump, hunch, hurt, ill humor, ill nature, ill temper, impertinence,
     improvidence, imprudence, impudence, incense, incise, incision,
     indiscretion, inflame, inflict pain, infliction, infuriate,
     injudiciousness, injure, injury, insolence, intestinal juice, irk,
     irritant, irritate, irritation, jog, joggle, kill by inches, knob,
     knot, knur, knurl, lacerate, laceration, lesion, lip, load,
     loftiness, loop, lordliness, lump, maim, make mincemeat of, martyr,
     martyrize, maul, mole, mordacity, mortal wound, mountain, moxie,
     mucus, mutilate, mutilation, nag, needle, nerve, nettle, nevus,
     nip, nub, nubbin, nubble, nuisance, oppression, overbearance,
     overboldness, overcarelessness, overconfidence, oversureness,
     overweeningness, pack of troubles, pain, pancreatic juice,
     papilloma, peck of troubles, peg, pester, pierce, pinch, plague,
     poison, pomposity, presumption, prick, pride, priggishness,
     prolong the agony, prostatic fluid, provocation, provoke, puncture,
     pungency, put to torture, rack, rancidity, rancidness, rancor,
     rankle, rankling, rashness, rasp, raze, rend, rent, rheum, rib,
     ridge, rile, ring, rip, roil, rub, rub away, rub off, rub out,
     ruffle, run, rupture, salivary secretion, sauce, sauciness, savage,
     scald, scorch, score, scotch, scour, scrape, scratch, scrub, scuff,
     sea of troubles, second-degree burn, self-importance, semen,
     set on edge, sharpness, shoulder, skin, slash, slit, slow burn,
     smugness, sore, sore spot, soreness, sorrow, sourness, sperm,
     spine, spleen, sprain, stab, stab wound, stick, sting, strain,
     stud, style, tab, tartness, tear, tears, temerariousness, temerity,
     third-degree burn, thorn, thyroxin, torment, torture, trauma,
     traumatize, trouble, tubercle, tubercule, tweak, twist,
     unchariness, unwariness, venom, venomousness, verruca, vesicle,
     vex, vexation, virulence, vitriol, wale, wart,
     waters of bitterness, wear, wear away, weight, welt, woe, worry,
     wound, wounds immedicable, wrench, wring  
     
Din dicționarul Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Gall
     (1) Heb. mererah, meaning "bitterness" (Job 16:13); i.e., the
     bile secreted in the liver. This word is also used of the poison
     of asps (20:14), and of the vitals, the seat of life (25).
     
       (2.) Heb. rosh. In Deut. 32:33 and Job 20:16 it denotes the
     poison of serpents. In Hos. 10:4 the Hebrew word is rendered
     "hemlock." The original probably denotes some bitter, poisonous
     plant, most probably the poppy, which grows up quickly, and is
     therefore coupled with wormwood (Deut. 29:18; Jer. 9:15; Lam.
     3:19). Comp. Jer. 8:14; 23:15, "water of gall," Gesenius, "poppy
     juice;" others, "water of hemlock," "bitter water."
     
       (3.) Gr. chole (Matt. 27:34), the LXX. translation of the
     Hebrew _rosh_ in Ps. 69; 21, which foretells our Lord's
     sufferings. The drink offered to our Lord was vinegar (made of
     light wine rendered acid, the common drink of Roman soldiers)
     "mingled with gall," or, according to Mark (15:23), "mingled
     with myrrh;" both expressions meaning the same thing, namely,
     that the vinegar was made bitter by the infusion of wormwood or
     some other bitter substance, usually given, according to a
     merciful custom, as an anodyne to those who were crucified, to
     render them insensible to pain. Our Lord, knowing this, refuses
     to drink it. He would take nothing to cloud his faculties or
     blunt the pain of dying. He chooses to suffer every element of
     woe in the bitter cup of agony given him by the Father (John
     18:11).
     

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