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injury


6 dicționare găsite pentru injury
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Injury \In"ju*ry\, n.; pl. Injuries. [OE. injurie, L. injuria,
     fr. injurius injurious, wrongful, unjust; pref. in- not +
     jus, juris, right, law, justice: cf. F. injure. See Just,
     a.]
     Any damage or hurt done to a person or thing; detriment to,
     or violation of, the person, character, feelings, rights,
     property, or interests of an individual; that which injures,
     or occasions wrong, loss, damage, or detriment; harm; hurt;
     loss; mischief; wrong; evil; as, his health was impaired by a
     severe injury; slander is an injury to the character.
     [1913 Webster]
  
           For he that doeth injury shall receive that that he did
           evil.                                    --Wyclif(Col.
                                                    iii. 25).
     [1913 Webster]
  
           Many times we do injury to a cause by dwelling on
           trifling arguments.                      --I. Watts.
     [1913 Webster]
  
           Riot ascends above their loftiest towers,
           And injury and outrage.                  --Milton.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Injury in morals and jurisprudence is the intentional
           doing of wrong. --Fleming.
  
     Syn: Harm; hurt; damage; loss; impairment; detriment; wrong;
          evil; injustice.
          [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  injury
       n 1: any physical damage to the body caused by violence or
            accident or fracture etc. [syn: hurt, harm, trauma]
       2: an accident that results in physical damage or hurt [syn: accidental
          injury]
       3: a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat [syn:
           wound, combat injury]
       4: an act that injures someone

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  236 Moby Thesaurus words for "injury":
     abomination, abrasion, abuse, ache, aching, affront, agony,
     aspersion, atrocity, bad, bane, bankruptcy, befoulment,
     bereavement, blemish, blight, blow, breach, break, breakage,
     breakdown, brickbat, burn, chafe, check, chip, collapse,
     concussion, contempt, contumely, corruption, cost, crack, crack-up,
     crackle, cramp, craze, crime, crime against humanity, crippling,
     crying evil, cut, damage, dead loss, deadly sin, debit, defilement,
     delinquency, denial, denudation, deprivation, dereliction, despite,
     despoilment, despoliation, destruction, detriment, dilapidation,
     disablement, disadvantage, discomfiture, dispossession, disrepair,
     disservice, distress, divestment, dolor, drawback, dump,
     encroachment, enormity, error, evil, expense, failure, fault,
     felony, flash burn, flout, flouting, forfeit, forfeiture, fracture,
     fray, frazzle, gall, gash, genocide, gibe, great wrong, grief,
     grievance, gross injustice, guilty act, handicap, harm, havoc,
     heavy sin, hobbling, humiliation, hurt, hurting, ill,
     ill-treatment, ill-usage, ill-use, impairment, imposition,
     impropriety, incapacitation, incision, indignity, indiscretion,
     inexpiable sin, infection, infringement, iniquity, injustice,
     inroad, insult, jeer, jeering, laceration, lapse, lesion,
     liability, loser, losing, losing streak, loss, loss of ground,
     maiming, malefaction, malfeasance, maltreatment, malum, mayhem,
     minor wrong, miscarriage of justice, mischief, misdeed,
     misdemeanor, misery, misfeasance, mistreatment, mock, mockery,
     molestation, mortal sin, mortal wound, mutilation, nasty blow,
     nonfeasance, offense, omission, outrage, pain, pang, passion,
     peccadillo, peccancy, perdition, poison, pollution, prejudice,
     privation, puncture, put-down, raw deal, rent, rip, robbery, ruin,
     ruination, ruinousness, run, rupture, sabotage, sacrifice, scald,
     scathe, scoff, scorch, scrape, scratch, scuff, scurrility,
     second-degree burn, shock, sickening, sin, sin of commission,
     sin of omission, sinful act, slash, slip, sore, sore spot, spasm,
     spoiling, spoliation, stab, stab wound, step backward, stress,
     stress of life, stripping, stroke, suffering, taking away, taunt,
     tear, tender spot, the worst, third-degree burn, throes, tort,
     total loss, toxin, transgression, trauma, trespass, trip,
     uncomplimentary remark, unutterable sin, venial sin, venom,
     vexation, violation, violence, weakening, woe, wound,
     wounds immedicable, wrench, wrong  
     
Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  INJURY. A wrong or tort. Injuries are divided into public and private; and 
  they affect the. person, personal property, or real property. 
       3.-1. They affect the person absolutely or relatively. The absolute 
  injuries are, threats and menaces, assaults, batteries, wounding, mayhems; 
  injuries to health, by nuisances or medical malpractices. Those affecting 
  reputation are, verbal slander, libels, and malicious prosecutions; and 
  those affecting personal liberty are, false imprisonment and malicious 
  prosecutions. The relative injuries are those which affect the rights of a 
  husband; these are, abduction of the wife, or harboring her, adultery and 
  battery those which  affect the rights of a parent, as, abduction, 
  seduction, or battery of a child; and of a master, seduction, harboring and 
  battery of his apprentice or servant. Those which conflict with the rights 
  of the inferior relation, namely, the wife, child, apprentice, or servant, 
  are, withholding conjugal rights, maintenance, wages, &c. 
       4.-2. Injuries to personal property, are, the unlawful taking and 
  detention thereof from the owner; and other injuries are, some damage 
  affecting the same while in the claimant's possession, or that of a third 
  person, or injuries to his reversionary interests. 
       5.-3. Injuries to real property are, ousters, trespasses nuisances, 
  waste, subtraction of rent, disturbance of right of way, and the like. 
       6. Injuries arise in three ways. 1. By nonfeasance, or the not doing 
  what was a legal obligation, or. duty, or contract, to perform. 2. 
  Misfeasance, or the performance, in an improper manner, of an act which it 
  was either the party's duty, or his contract, to perform. 3. Malfeasance, or 
  the unjust performance of some act which the party had no right, or which he 
  had contracted not to do. 
       7. The remedies are different, as the injury affects private 
  individuals, or the public. 1. When the injuries affect a private right and 
  a private individual, although often also affecting the public, there are 
  three descriptions of remedies: 1st. The preventive, such as defence, 
  resistance, recaption, abatement of nuisance, surety of the peace, 
  injunction, &c. 2d. Remedies for compensation, which may be by arbitration, 
  suit, action, or summary proceedings before a justice of the peace. 3d. 
  Proceedings for punishment, as by indictment, or summary Proceedings before 
  a justice. 2. When the injury is such as to affect the public, it becomes a 
  crime, misdemeanor, or offence, and the party may be punished by indictment 
  or summary conviction, for the public injury; and by civil action at the 
  suit of the party, for the private wrong. But in cases of felony, the remedy 
  by action for the private injury is generally suspended until the party 
  particularly injured has fulfilled his duty to the public by prosecuting the 
  offender for the public crime; and in cases of homicide the remedy is merged 
  in the felony. 1 Chit. Pr. 10; Ayl. Pand. 592. See 1 Miles' Rep. 316, 17; 
  and article Civil Remedy. 
       8. There are many injuries for which the law affords no remedy. In 
  general, it interferes only when there has been a visible bodily injury 
  inflicted by force or poison, while it leaves almost totally unprotected the 
  whole class of the most malignant mental injuries and sufferings unless in a 
  few cases, where, by descending to a fiction, it sordidly supposes some 
  pecuniary loss, and sometimes, under a mask, and contrary to its own legal 
  principles, affords compensation to wounded feelings. A parent, for example, 
  cannot sue, in that character, for an injury inflicted on his child and when 
  his own domestic happiness has been destroyed, unless the fact will sustain 
  the allegation that the daughter was the servant of her father, and that, 
  by, reason of such seduction, he lost the benefit of her services. Another 
  instance may be mentioned: A party cannot recover damages for verbal slander 
  in many cases; as, when the facts published are true, for the defendant 
  would justify and the party injured must fail. A case of this kind, 
  remarkably bard, occurred in England. A young nobleman had seduced a young 
  woman, who, after living with him some time, became sensible of the 
  impropriety of her conduct. She left him secretly, and removed to an obscure 
  place in the kingdom, where she obtained a situation, and became highly 
  respected in consequence of her good conduct she was even promoted to a 
  better and more public employment when she was unfortunately discovered by 
  her seducer. He made proposals to her to renew their illicit intercourse, 
  which were rejected; in order to, force her to accept them, he published the 
  history of her early life, and she was discharged from her employment, and 
  lost the good opinion of those on whom she depended for her livelihood. For 
  this outrage the culprit could not be made answerable, civilly or 
  criminally. Nor will the law punish criminally the author of verbal slander, 
  imputing even the most infamous crimes, unless done with intent to extort a 
  chattel, money, or valuable thing. The law presumes, perhaps unnaturally 
  enough, that a man is incapable of being alarmed or affected by such 
  injuries to his feelings. Vide 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 320. See, generally, Bouv. 
  Inst. Index, h. t. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  INJURY, civil law, In the technical sense of the term it is a delict 
  committed in contempt, or outrage of any one, whereby his body, his dignity, 
  or his reputation, is. maliciously injured. Voet, Com. ad Pand. lib. 47, t. 
  10, n. 1. 
       2. Injuries may be divided into two classes, With reference to the 
  means used by the wrong doer, namely, by words and by acts. The first are 
  called verbal injuries, the latter real. 
       3. A verbal injury, when directed against a private person, consists in 
  the uttering contumelious words, which tend to expose his character, by 
  making him little or ridiculous. Where the offensive words are uttered in 
  the beat of a dispute, and spoken to the person's face, the law does not 
  presume any malicious intention in the utterer, whose resentment generally 
  subsides with his passion;, and yet, even in that case, the truth of the 
  injurious words seldom absolves entirely from punishment. Where the 
  injurious expressions have a tendency to blacken one's moral character, or 
  fix some particular guilt upon him, and are deliberately repeated in 
  different companies, or banded about in whispers to confidants, it then 
  grows up to the crime of slander, agreeably to the distinction of the Roman 
  law, 1. 15, Sec. 12, de injur. 
       4. A reat injury is inflicted by any fact by which a person's honor or 
  dignity is affected; as striking one with a cane, or even aiming a blow 
  without striking; spitting in one's face; assuming a coat of arms, or any 
  other mark of distinction proper to another, &c. The composing and publish 
  in defamatory libels maybe reckoned of this kind. Ersk. Pr. L. Scot. 4, 4, 
  45. 
  
  

Din dicționarul THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993) :

  INJURY, n.  An offense next in degree of enormity to a slight.
  
  

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