dictionar englez roman

justice


10 dicționare găsite pentru justice
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Justice \Jus"tice\ (j[u^]s"t[i^]s), n. [F., fr. L. justitia, fr.
     justus just. See Just, a.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. The quality of being just; conformity to the principles of
        righteousness and rectitude in all things; strict
        performance of moral obligations; practical conformity to
        human or divine law; integrity in the dealings of men with
        each other; rectitude; equity; uprightness.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Justice and judgment are the haditation of thy
              throne.                               --Ps. ixxxix.
                                                    11.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The king-becoming graces,
              As justice, verity, temperance, stableness, . . .
              I have no relish of them.             --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Conformity to truth and reality in expressing opinions and
        in conduct; fair representation of facts respecting merit
        or demerit; honesty; fidelity; impartiality; as, the
        justice of a description or of a judgment; historical
        justice.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The rendering to every one his due or right; just
        treatment; requital of desert; merited reward or
        punishment; that which is due to one's conduct or motives.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              This even-handed justice
              Commends the ingredients of our poisoned chalice
              To our own lips.                      --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Agreeableness to right; equity; justness; as, the justice
        of a claim.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. A person duly commissioned to hold courts, or to try and
        decide controversies and administer justice.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: This title is given to the judges of the common law
           courts in England and in the United States, and extends
           to judicial officers and magistrates of every grade.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Bed of justice. See under Bed.
  
     Chief justice. See in the Vocabulary.
  
     Justice of the peace (Law), a judicial officer or
        subordinate magistrate appointed for the conservation of
        the peace in a specified district, with other incidental
        powers specified in his commission. In the United States a
        justice of the peace has jurisdiction to adjudicate
        certain minor cases, commit offenders, officiate at
        marriages, etc.; abbreviated JP.
  
     Syn: Equity; law; right; rectitude; honesty; integrity;
          uprightness; fairness; impartiality.
  
     Usage: Justice, Equity, Law. Justice and equity are the
            same; but human laws, though designed to secure
            justice, are of necessity imperfect, and hence what is
            strictly legal is at times far from being equitable or
            just. Here a court of equity comes in to redress the
            grievances. It does so, as distinguished from courts
            of law; and as the latter are often styled courts of
            justice, some have fancied that there is in this case
            a conflict between justice and equity. The real
            conflict is against the working of the law; this a
            court of equity brings into accordance with the claims
            of justice. It would be an unfortunate use of language
            which should lead any one to imagine he might have
            justice on his side while practicing iniquity
            (inequity). Justice, Rectitude. Rectitude, in its
            widest sense, is one of the most comprehensive words
            in our language, denoting absolute conformity to the
            rule of right in principle and practice. Justice
            refers more especially to the carrying out of law, and
            has been considered by moralists as of three kinds:
            (1) Commutative justice, which gives every man his own
            property, including things pledged by promise. (2)
            Distributive justice, which gives every man his exact
            deserts. (3) General justice, which carries out all
            the ends of law, though not in every case through the
            precise channels of commutative or distributive
            justice; as we see often done by a parent or a ruler
            in his dealings with those who are subject to his
            control.
            [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Justice \Jus"tice\, v. t.
     To administer justice to. [Obs.] --Bacon.
     [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  justice
       n 1: the quality of being just or fair [syn: justness] [ant: injustice]
       2: the administration of law; the act of determining rights and
          assigning rewards or punishments; "justice deferred is
          justice denied" [syn: judicature]
       3: a public official authorized to decide questions bought
          before a court of justice [syn: judge, jurist, magistrate]
       4: the United States federal department responsible for
          enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all
          civil rights legislation); created in 1870 [syn: Department
          of Justice, Justice Department, DoJ]

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  150 Moby Thesaurus words for "justice":
     Astraea, Dike, JP, Jupiter Fidius, Justice, Justitia, Minos,
     Nemesis, Rhadamanthus, Themis, actionability, applicability,
     arbiter, arbitrator, assured probity, balance, beak, bencher,
     blamelessness, blindfolded Justice, cardinal virtues, character,
     charity, cleanness, coequality, coextension,
     constitutional validity, constitutionalism, constitutionality,
     correspondence, court, critic, decency, detention, due process,
     dueness, entitledness, entitlement, equality, equation,
     equilibrium, equipoise, equipollence, equiponderance,
     equitableness, equity, equivalence, equivalency, erectness,
     estimableness, evenness, expectation, fair play, fair-mindedness,
     fairness, faith, fortitude, good character, goodness, high ideals,
     high principles, high-mindedness, his honor, his lordship,
     his worship, honesty, honor, honorableness, hope, identity,
     immaculacy, impartiality, imprisonment, incarceration, indicator,
     integrity, irreproachability, irreproachableness, judge, judger,
     judgment, judicatory, judicature, judicial process, judiciary,
     judiciousness, jurisdiction, justiciability,
     justifiable expectation, justness, law, lawfulness, legal form,
     legal process, legalism, legality, legitimacy, legitimateness,
     levelness, licitness, likeness, love, magistrate, meritedness,
     moderator, moral excellence, moral strength, morality,
     natural virtues, neutrality, nobility, objectiveness, objectivity,
     par, parallelism, parity, poise, principles, prison, probity,
     proportion, prudence, punishment, pureness, purity, rectitude,
     referee, reputability, respectability, right, righteousness,
     rightfulness, scope, stainlessness, supernatural virtues, symmetry,
     temperance, the courts, the law, theological virtues, umpire,
     unimpeachability, unimpeachableness, unspottedness, uprightness,
     upstandingness, validity, virtue, virtuousness, worthiness  
     
Din dicționarul Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Justice
     is rendering to every one that which is his due. It has been
     distinguished from equity in this respect, that while justice
     means merely the doing what positive law demands, equity means
     the doing of what is fair and right in every separate case.
     

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  JUSTICE. The constant and perpetual disposition to render every man his due. 
  Just. Inst. B. 1, tit. 1. Toullier defines it to be the conformity of our 
  actions and our will to the law. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 5. In the most 
  extensive sense of the word, it differs little from virtue, for it includes 
  within itself the whole circle of virtues. Yet the common distinction 
  between them is that that which considered positively and in itself, is 
  called virtue, when considered relatively and with respect to others, has 
  the name of justice. But justice being in itself a part of virtue, is 
  confined to things simply good or evil, and consists in a man's taking such 
  a proportion of them as he ought. 
       2. Justice is either distributive or commutative. Distributive justice 
  is that virtue whose object is to distribute rewards and punishments to each 
  one according to his merits, observing a just proportion by comparing one 
  person or fact with another, so that neither equal persons have unequal 
  things, nor unequal persons things equal. Tr. of Eq. 3, and Toullier's 
  learned note, Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 7, note. 
       3. Commutative justice is that virtue whose object it is to render to 
  every one what belongs to him, as nearly as may be, or that which governs 
  contracts. To render commutative justice, the judge must make an equality 
  between the parties, that no one may be a gainer by another's loss. Tr. Eq. 
  3. 
       4. Toullier exposes the want of utility and exactness in this division 
  of distributive and commutative justice, adopted in the compendium or 
  abridgments of the ancient doctors, and prefers the division of internal and 
  external justice; the first being a conformity of our will, and the latter a 
  conformity of our actions to the law: their union making perfect justice. 
  Exterior justice is the object of jurisprudence; interior justice is the 
  object of morality. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 6 et 7. 
       5. According to the Frederician code, part 1, book 1, tit. 2, s. 27, 
  justice consists simply in letting every one enjoy the rights which he has 
  acquired in virtue of the laws. And as this definition includes all the 
  other rules of right, there is properly but one single general rule of 
  right, namely, Give every one his own. See, generally, Puffend. Law of 
  Nature and Nations, B. 1, c. 7, s. 89; Elementorum Jurisprudentiae 
  Universalis, lib. 1, definito, 17, 3, 1; Geo. Lib. 2, c. 11, s. 3; Ld. Bac. 
  Read. Stat. Uses, 306; Treatise of Equity, B. 1, c. 1, s. 1. 
  
  

Din dicționarul THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993) :

  JUSTICE, n.  A commodity which is a more or less adulterated condition
  the State sells to the citizen as a reward for his allegiance, taxes
  and personal service.
  
  
                                    K
  
  
  
  K is a consonant that we get from the Greeks, but it can be traced
  away back beyond them to the Cerathians, a small commercial nation
  inhabiting the peninsula of Smero.  In their tongue it was called
  _Klatch_, which means "destroyed."  The form of the letter was
  originally precisely that of our H, but the erudite Dr. Snedeker
  explains that it was altered to its present shape to commemorate the
  destruction of the great temple of Jarute by an earthquake, _circa_
  730 B.C.  This building was famous for the two lofty columns of its
  portico, one of which was broken in half by the catastrophe, the other
  remaining intact.  As the earlier form of the letter is supposed to
  have been suggested by these pillars, so, it is thought by the great
  antiquary, its later was adopted as a simple and natural -- not to say
  touching -- means of keeping the calamity ever in the national memory. 
  It is not known if the name of the letter was altered as an additional
  mnemonic, or if the name was always _Klatch_ and the destruction one
  of nature's pums.  As each theory seems probable enough, I see no
  objection to believing both -- and Dr. Snedeker arrayed himself on
  that side of the question.
  
  

Din dicționarul U.S. Gazetteer (1990) :

  Justice, IL (village, FIPS 38830)
    Location: 41.74640 N, 87.83552 W
    Population (1990): 11137 (4390 housing units)
    Area: 7.4 sq km (land), 0.1 sq km (water)
    Zip code(s): 60458

Din dicționarul U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Justice, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
     Population (2000):    12193
     Housing Units (2000): 4772
     Land area (2000):     2.911751 sq. miles (7.541401 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.041734 sq. miles (0.108091 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    2.953485 sq. miles (7.649492 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            38830
     Located within:       Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
     Location:             41.746382 N, 87.834402 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     60458
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Justice, IL
      Justice
  

Din dicționarul U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Justice, OK -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Oklahoma
     Population (2000):    1311
     Housing Units (2000): 480
     Land area (2000):     8.957846 sq. miles (23.200714 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    8.957846 sq. miles (23.200714 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            38475
     Located within:       Oklahoma (OK), FIPS 40
     Location:             36.283225 N, 95.575093 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Justice, OK
      Justice
  

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