dictionar englez roman

law


29 dicționare găsite pentru law
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Law \Law\ (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root
     of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l["o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov;
     cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or
     fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See
     Lie to be prostrate.]
     1. In general, a rule of being or of conduct, established by
        an authority able to enforce its will; a controlling
        regulation; the mode or order according to which an agent
        or a power acts.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: A law may be universal or particular, written or
           unwritten, published or secret. From the nature of the
           highest laws a degree of permanency or stability is
           always implied; but the power which makes a law, or a
           superior power, may annul or change it.
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 These are the statutes and judgments and laws,
                 which the Lord made.               --Lev. xxvi.
                                                    46.
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 The law of thy God, and the law of the King.
                                                    --Ezra vii.
                                                    26.
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 As if they would confine the Interminable . . .
                 Who made our laws to bind us, not himself.
                                                    --Milton.
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 His mind his kingdom, and his will his law.
                                                    --Cowper.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. In morals: The will of God as the rule for the disposition
        and conduct of all responsible beings toward him and
        toward each other; a rule of living, conformable to
        righteousness; the rule of action as obligatory on the
        conscience or moral nature.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The Jewish or Mosaic code, and that part of Scripture
        where it is written, in distinction from the gospel;
        hence, also, the Old Testament. Specifically: the first
        five books of the bible, called also Torah, Pentatech,
        or Law of Moses.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
              What things soever the law saith, it saith to them
              who are under the law . . . But now the
              righteousness of God without the law is manifested,
              being witnessed by the law and the prophets. --Rom.
                                                    iii. 19, 21.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. In human government:
        (a) An organic rule, as a constitution or charter,
            establishing and defining the conditions of the
            existence of a state or other organized community.
        (b) Any edict, decree, order, ordinance, statute,
            resolution, judicial, decision, usage, etc., or
            recognized, and enforced, by the controlling
            authority.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     5. In philosophy and physics: A rule of being, operation, or
        change, so certain and constant that it is conceived of as
        imposed by the will of God or by some controlling
        authority; as, the law of gravitation; the laws of motion;
        the law heredity; the laws of thought; the laws of cause
        and effect; law of self-preservation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. In mathematics: The rule according to which anything, as
        the change of value of a variable, or the value of the
        terms of a series, proceeds; mode or order of sequence.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. In arts, works, games, etc.: The rules of construction, or
        of procedure, conforming to the conditions of success; a
        principle, maxim; or usage; as, the laws of poetry, of
        architecture, of courtesy, or of whist.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. Collectively, the whole body of rules relating to one
        subject, or emanating from one source; -- including
        usually the writings pertaining to them, and judicial
        proceedings under them; as, divine law; English law; Roman
        law; the law of real property; insurance law.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. Legal science; jurisprudence; the principles of equity;
        applied justice.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Reason is the life of the law; nay, the common law
              itself is nothing else but reason.    --Coke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Law is beneficence acting by rule.    --Burke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              And sovereign Law, that state's collected will
              O'er thrones and globes elate,
              Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill. --Sir
                                                    W. Jones.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. Trial by the laws of the land; judicial remedy;
         litigation; as, to go law.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               When every case in law is right.     --Shak.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               He found law dear and left it cheap. --Brougham.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     11. An oath, as in the presence of a court. [Obs.] See Wager
         of law, under Wager.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Avogadro's law (Chem.), a fundamental conception, according
        to which, under similar conditions of temperature and
        pressure, all gases and vapors contain in the same volume
        the same number of ultimate molecules; -- so named after
        Avogadro, an Italian scientist. Sometimes called
        Amp[`e]re's law.
  
     Bode's law (Astron.), an approximative empirical expression
        of the distances of the planets from the sun, as follows:
        -- Mer. Ven. Earth. Mars. Aste. Jup. Sat. Uran. Nep. 4 4 4
        4 4 4 4 4 4 0 3 6 12 24 48 96 192 384 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
        --- --- 4 7 10 16 28 52 100 196 388 5.9 7.3 10 15.2 27.4
        52 95.4 192 300 where each distance (line third) is the
        sum of 4 and a multiple of 3 by the series 0, 1, 2, 4, 8,
        etc., the true distances being given in the lower line.
  
     Boyle's law (Physics), an expression of the fact, that when
        an elastic fluid is subjected to compression, and kept at
        a constant temperature, the product of the pressure and
        volume is a constant quantity, i. e., the volume is
        inversely proportioned to the pressure; -- known also as
        Mariotte's law, and the law of Boyle and Mariotte.
  
     Brehon laws. See under Brehon.
  
     Canon law, the body of ecclesiastical law adopted in the
        Christian Church, certain portions of which (for example,
        the law of marriage as existing before the Council of
        Tent) were brought to America by the English colonists as
        part of the common law of the land. --Wharton.
  
     Civil law, a term used by writers to designate Roman law,
        with modifications thereof which have been made in the
        different countries into which that law has been
        introduced. The civil law, instead of the common law,
        prevails in the State of Louisiana. --Wharton.
  
     Commercial law. See Law merchant (below).
  
     Common law. See under Common.
  
     Criminal law, that branch of jurisprudence which relates to
        crimes.
  
     Ecclesiastical law. See under Ecclesiastical.
  
     Grimm's law (Philol.), a statement (propounded by the
        German philologist Jacob Grimm) of certain regular changes
        which the primitive Indo-European mute consonants,
        so-called (most plainly seen in Sanskrit and, with some
        changes, in Greek and Latin), have undergone in the
        Teutonic languages. Examples: Skr. bh[=a]t[.r], L. frater,
        E. brother, G. bruder; L. tres, E. three, G. drei, Skr.
        go, E. cow, G. kuh; Skr. dh[=a] to put, Gr. ti-qe`-nai, E.
        do, OHG, tuon, G. thun. See also lautverschiebung.
  
     Kepler's laws (Astron.), three important laws or
        expressions of the order of the planetary motions,
        discovered by John Kepler. They are these: (1) The orbit
        of a planet with respect to the sun is an ellipse, the sun
        being in one of the foci. (2) The areas swept over by a
        vector drawn from the sun to a planet are proportioned to
        the times of describing them. (3) The squares of the times
        of revolution of two planets are in the ratio of the cubes
        of their mean distances.
  
     Law binding, a plain style of leather binding, used for law
        books; -- called also law calf.
  
     Law book, a book containing, or treating of, laws.
  
     Law calf. See Law binding (above).
  
     Law day.
         (a) Formerly, a day of holding court, esp. a court-leet.
         (b) The day named in a mortgage for the payment of the
             money to secure which it was given. [U. S.]
  
     Law French, the dialect of Norman, which was used in
        judicial proceedings and law books in England from the
        days of William the Conqueror to the thirty-sixth year of
        Edward III.
  
     Law language, the language used in legal writings and
        forms.
  
     Law Latin. See under Latin.
  
     Law lords, peers in the British Parliament who have held
        high judicial office, or have been noted in the legal
        profession.
  
     Law merchant, or Commercial law, a system of rules by
        which trade and commerce are regulated; -- deduced from
        the custom of merchants, and regulated by judicial
        decisions, as also by enactments of legislatures.
  
     Law of Charles (Physics), the law that the volume of a
        given mass of gas increases or decreases, by a definite
        fraction of its value for a given rise or fall of
        temperature; -- sometimes less correctly styled Gay
        Lussac's law, or Dalton's law.
  
     Law of nations. See International law, under
        International.
  
     Law of nature.
         (a) A broad generalization expressive of the constant
             action, or effect, of natural conditions; as, death
             is a law of nature; self-defense is a law of nature.
             See Law, 4.
         (b) A term denoting the standard, or system, of morality
             deducible from a study of the nature and natural
             relations of human beings independent of supernatural
             revelation or of municipal and social usages.
  
     Law of the land, due process of law; the general law of the
        land.
  
     Laws of honor. See under Honor.
  
     Laws of motion (Physics), three laws defined by Sir Isaac
        Newton: (1) Every body perseveres in its state of rest or
        of moving uniformly in a straight line, except so far as
        it is made to change that state by external force. (2)
        Change of motion is proportional to the impressed force,
        and takes place in the direction in which the force is
        impressed. (3) Reaction is always equal and opposite to
        action, that is to say, the actions of two bodies upon
        each other are always equal and in opposite directions.
  
     Marine law, or Maritime law, the law of the sea; a branch
        of the law merchant relating to the affairs of the sea,
        such as seamen, ships, shipping, navigation, and the like.
        --Bouvier.
  
     Mariotte's law. See Boyle's law (above).
  
     Martial law.See under Martial.
  
     Military law, a branch of the general municipal law,
        consisting of rules ordained for the government of the
        military force of a state in peace and war, and
        administered in courts martial. --Kent. --Warren's
        Blackstone.
  
     Moral law, the law of duty as regards what is right and
        wrong in the sight of God; specifically, the ten
        commandments given by Moses. See Law, 2.
  
     Mosaic law, or Ceremonial law. (Script.) See Law, 3.
  
     Municipal law, or Positive law, a rule prescribed by the
        supreme power of a state, declaring some right, enforcing
        some duty, or prohibiting some act; -- distinguished from
        international law and constitutional law. See Law,
        1.
  
     Periodic law. (Chem.) See under Periodic.
  
     Roman law, the system of principles and laws found in the
        codes and treatises of the lawmakers and jurists of
        ancient Rome, and incorporated more or less into the laws
        of the several European countries and colonies founded by
        them. See Civil law (above).
  
     Statute law, the law as stated in statutes or positive
        enactments of the legislative body.
  
     Sumptuary law. See under Sumptuary.
  
     To go to law, to seek a settlement of any matter by
        bringing it before the courts of law; to sue or prosecute
        some one.
  
     To take the law of, or To have the law of, to bring the
        law to bear upon; as, to take the law of one's neighbor.
        --Addison.
  
     Wager of law. See under Wager.
  
     Syn: Justice; equity.
  
     Usage: Law, Statute, Common law, Regulation, Edict,
            Decree. Law is generic, and, when used with
            reference to, or in connection with, the other words
            here considered, denotes whatever is commanded by one
            who has a right to require obedience. A statute is a
            particular law drawn out in form, and distinctly
            enacted and proclaimed. Common law is a rule of action
            founded on long usage and the decisions of courts of
            justice. A regulation is a limited and often,
            temporary law, intended to secure some particular end
            or object. An edict is a command or law issued by a
            sovereign, and is peculiar to a despotic government. A
            decree is a permanent order either of a court or of
            the executive government. See Justice.
            [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Law \Law\, v. t.
     Same as Lawe, v. t. [Obs.]
     [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Law \Law\, interj. [Cf. La.]
     An exclamation of mild surprise. [Archaic or Low]
     [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  law
       n 1: legal document setting forth rules governing a particular
            kind of activity; "there is a law against kidnapping"
       2: the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization
          presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for
          jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
          [syn: jurisprudence]
       3: a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in
          nature; "the laws of thermodynamics" [syn: law of nature]
       4: a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature
          and essential to or binding upon human society [syn: natural
          law]
       5: the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in
          a law school and that is responsible for the judicial
          system; "he studied law at Yale" [syn: practice of law]
       6: the force of policemen and officers; "the law came looking
          for him" [syn: police, police force, constabulary]
       7: the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the
          principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
          [syn: jurisprudence, legal philosophy]

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  173 Moby Thesaurus words for "law":
     Dogberry, Eighteenth Amendment, John Law, Procrustean law,
     Prohibition Party, Volstead Act, a priori truth, act, appointment,
     assize, axiom, ban, bill, bluecoat, bobby, brevet,
     bring action against, bring into court, bring suit,
     bring to justice, bring to trial, brocard, bull, bylaw, canon,
     code, command, commandment, contraband, convention, cop, copper,
     criminology, criterion, declaration, decree, decree-law,
     decreement, decretal, decretum, denial, dick, dictate, dictation,
     dictum, diktat, disallowance, drag into court, edict, edictum,
     embargo, enactment, exclusion, exigency, fiat, flatfoot, flattie,
     forbiddance, forbidden fruit, forbidding, forensic psychiatry,
     form, formality, formula, formulary, fundamental, gendarme,
     general principle, go into litigation, go to law, golden rule,
     guideline, guiding principle, gumshoe, imperative, implead, index,
     index expurgatorius, index librorum prohibitorum, inhibition,
     injunction, institute, institution, interdict, interdiction,
     interdictum, ipse dixit, jurisprudence, jus, law of nature,
     legal chemistry, legal medicine, legal science, legislation, lex,
     litigate, mandate, maxim, measure, medical jurisprudence,
     medico-legal medicine, mitzvah, moral, necessity, no-no,
     nomography, norm, norma, order of nature, ordinance, ordonnance,
     peeler, pig, postulate, precept, preclusion, prescribed form,
     prescript, prescription, prevention, principium, principle,
     proclamation, prohibition, prohibitory injunction, pronouncement,
     pronunciamento, proposition, proscription, prosecute,
     prosecute at law, put in suit, put on trial, refusal, regulation,
     rejection, repression, rescript, restrictive covenants, rubric,
     rule, ruling, ruling out, seek in law, seek justice,
     self-evident truth, senatus consult, senatus consultum, set form,
     settled principle, shamus, standard, standing order, statute, sue,
     sumptuary laws, suppression, taboo, take to court, tenet, the cops,
     the fuzz, the law, theorem, truism, truth, ukase, universal law,
     universal truth, working principle, working rule, zoning,
     zoning laws  
     
Din dicționarul Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (Version 1.9, June 2002) :

  LAW
       Local Authority Workstation
       
       

Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  law
       
          software law
       
       

Din dicționarul Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Law
     a rule of action. (1.) The Law of Nature is the will of God as
     to human conduct, founded on the moral difference of things, and
     discoverable by natural light (Rom. 1:20; 2:14, 15). This law
     binds all men at all times. It is generally designated by the
     term conscience, or the capacity of being influenced by the
     moral relations of things.
     
       (2.) The Ceremonial Law prescribes under the Old Testament the
     rites and ceremonies of worship. This law was obligatory only
     till Christ, of whom these rites were typical, had finished his
     work (Heb. 7:9, 11; 10:1; Eph. 2:16). It was fulfilled rather
     than abrogated by the gospel.
     
       (3.) The Judicial Law, the law which directed the civil policy
     of the Hebrew nation.
     
       (4.) The Moral Law is the revealed will of God as to human
     conduct, binding on all men to the end of time. It was
     promulgated at Sinai. It is perfect (Ps. 19:7), perpetual (Matt.
     5:17, 18), holy (Rom. 7:12), good, spiritual (14), and exceeding
     broad (Ps. 119:96). Although binding on all, we are not under it
     as a covenant of works (Gal. 3:17). (See COMMANDMENTS.)
     
       (5.) Positive Laws are precepts founded only on the will of
     God. They are right because God commands them.
     
       (6.) Moral positive laws are commanded by God because they are
     right.
     

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, ARBITRARY. An arbitrary law is one made by the legislator simply 
  because he wills it, and is not founded in the nature of things; such law, 
  for example, as the tariff law, which may be high or low. This term is used 
  in opposition to immutable. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, CANON. The canon law is a body of Roman ecclesiastical law, relative to 
  such matters as that church either has or pretends to have the proper 
  jurisdiction over: 
       2. This is compiled from the opinions of the ancient Latin fathers, the 
  decrees of general councils, and the decretal epistles and bulls of the holy 
  see. All which lay in the same confusion and disorder as the Roman civil 
  law, till about the year 1151, when one Gratian, an Italian monk, animated 
  by the discovery of Justinian's Pandects, reduced the ecclesiastical 
  constitutions also into some method, in three books, which he entitled 
  Concordia discordantium canonum, but which are generally known by the name 
  of Decretum Gratiani. These reached as low as the time of Pope Alexander 
  III. The subsequent papal decrees to the pontificate of Gregory IX., were 
  published in much the same method, under the auspices of that pope, about 
  the year 1230, in five books, entitled Decretalia Gregorii noni. A sixth book
  
  was added by Boniface VIII., about the year 1298, which is called Sextus 
  decretalium. The Clementine constitution or decrees of Clement V., were in 
  like manner authenticated in 1317, by his successor, John XXII., who also 
  published twenty constitutions of his own, called the Extravagantes Joannis, 
  all of which in some manner answer to the novels of the civil law. To these 
  have since been added some decrees of the later popes, in five books called 
  Extravagantes communes. And all these together, Gratian's Decrees, Gregory's 
  Decretals, the Sixth Decretals, the Clementine Constitutions, and the 
  Extravagants of John and his successors, form the Corpus juris canonici, or 
  body of the Roman canon law. 1 Bl. Com. 82; Encyclopedie, Droit Canonique, 
  Droit Public Ecclesiastique; Dict. de Jurispr. Droit Canonique; Ersk. Pr. L. 
  Scotl. B. 1, t. 1, s. 10. See, in general, Ayl. Par. Jur. Can. Ang.; Shelf. 
  on M. & D. 19; Preface to Burn's Eccl. Law, by Thyrwhitt, 22; Hale's Hist. 
  C. L. 26-29; Bell's Case of a Putative Marriage, 203; Dict. du Droit 
  Canonique; Stair's Inst. b. 1, t. 1, 7.   
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW. In its most general and comprehensive sense, law signifies a rule of 
  action; and this term is applied indiscriminately to all kinds of action; 
  whether animate or inanimate, rational or irrational. 1 Bl. Com. 38. In its 
  more confined sense, law denotes the rule, not of actions in general, but of 
  human action or conduct. In the civil code of Louisiana, art. 1, it is 
  defined to be "a solemn expression of the legislative will." Vide Toull. Dr. 
  Civ. Fr. tit. prel. s. 1, n. 4; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1-3. 
       2. Law is generally divided into four principle classes, namely; 
  Natural law, the law of nations, public law, and private or civil law. When 
  considered in relation to its origin, it is statute law or common law. When 
  examined as to its different systems it is divided into civil law, common 
  law, canon law. When applied to objects, it is civil, criminal, or penal. It 
  is also divided into natural law and positive law. Into written law, lex 
  scripta; and unwritten law, lex non scripta. Into law merchant, martial law, 
  municipal law, and foreign law. When considered as to their duration, laws 
  are immutable and arbitrary or positive; when as their effect, they are 
  prospective and retrospective. These will be separately considered. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, CIVIL. The term civil law is generally applied by way of eminence to 
  the civil or municipal law of the Roman empire, without distinction as to 
  the time when the principles of such law were established or modified. In 
  another sense, the civil law is that collection of laws comprised in the 
  institutes, the code, and the digest of the emperor Justinian, and the novel 
  constitutions of himself and some of his successors. Ersk. Pr. L. Scotl. B. 
  1, t. l, s. 9; 6 L. R. 494. 
       2. The Institutes contain the elements or first principles of the Roman 
  law, in four books. The Digests or Pandects are in fifty books, and contain 
  the opinions and writings of eminent lawyers digested in a systematical 
  method, whose works comprised more than two thousand volumes, The new code, 
  or collection of imperial constitutions, in twelve books; which was a 
  substitute for the code of Theodosius. The novels or new constitutions, 
  posterior in time to the other books, and amounting to a supplement to the 
  code, containing new decrees of successive emperors as new questions 
  happened to arise. These form the body of the Roman law, or corpus juris 
  civilis, as published about the time of Justinian. 
       3. Although successful in the west, these laws were not, even in the 
  lifetime of the emperor universally received; and after the Lombard invasion 
  they became so totally neglected, that both the Code and Pandects were lost 
  till the twelfth century, A. D. 1130; when it is said the Pandects were 
  accidentally discovered at Amalphi, and the Code at Ravenna. But, as if 
  fortune would make an atonement for her former severity, they have since 
  been the study of the wisest men, and revered as law, by the politest 
  nations. 
       4. By the term civil law is also understood the particular law of each 
  people, opposed to natural law, or the law of nations, which are common to 
  all. Just. Inst. l. 1, t. 1, Sec. 1, 2; Ersk. Pr. L. Scot. B. 1, t. 1, s. 4. 
  In this sense it, is used by Judge Swift. See below. 
       5. Civil law is also sometimes understood as that which has emanated 
  from the secular power opposed to the ecclesiastical or military. 
       6. Sometimes by the term civil law is meant those laws which relate to 
  civil matters only; and in this sense it is opposed to criminal law, or to 
  those laws which concern criminal matters. Vide Civil. 
       7. Judge Swift, in his System of the Laws of Connecticut, prefers the 
  term civil law, to that of municipal law. He considers the term municipal to 
  be too limited in its signification. He defines civil law to be a rule of 
  human action, adopted by mankind in a state of society, or prescribed by the 
  supreme power of the government, requiring a course of conduct not repugnant 
  to morality or religion, productive of the greatest political happiness, and 
  prohibiting actions contrary thereto, and which is enforced by the sanctions 
  of pains and penalties. 1 Sw. Syst. 37. See Ayl. Pand. B. 1, t. 2, p. 6. 
       See, in general, as to civil law, Cooper's Justinian the Pandects; 1 
  Bl. Com. 80, 81; Encyclopedie, art. Droit Civil, Droit Romain; Domat, Les 
  Loix Civiles; Ferriere's Dict.; Brown's Civ. Law; Halifax's Analys. Civ. 
  Law; Wood's Civ. Law; Ayliffe's Pandects; Hein. Elem. Juris.; Erskine's 
  Institutes; Pothier; Eunomus, Dial. 1; Corpus Juris Civilis; Taylor's Elem. 
  Civ. Law. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, INTERNATIONAL. The law of nature applied to the affairs of nations, 
  commonly called the law of nations, jus gentium; is also called by some 
  modern authors international law. Toullier, Droit Francais,  tit. rel. Sec. 
  12. Mann. Comm. 1; Bentham. on Morals, &c., 260, 262; Wheat. on Int. Law; 
  Foelix, Du Droit Intern. Prive, n. 1. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, MARTIAL. Martial law is a code established for the government of the 
  army and navy of the United States. 
       2. Its principal rules are to be found in the articles of war. (q.v.) 
  The object of this code, or body of regulations is to, maintain that order 
  and discipline, the fundamental principles of which are a due obedience of 
  the several ranks to their proper officers, a subordination of each rank to 
  their superiors, and the subjection of the whole to certain rules of 
  discipline, essential to their acting with the union and energy of an 
  organized body. The violations of this law are to be tried by a court 
  martial. (q.v.) 
       3. A military commander has not the power, by declaring a district to 
  be under martial law, to subject all the citizens to that code, and to 
  suspend the operation of the writ of habeas corpus. 3 Mart. (Lo.) 531. Vide 
  Hale's Hist. C. L. 38; 1 Bl. Com. 413; Tytler on Military Law; Ho. on C. M.; 
  M'Arth. on C. M.; Rules and Articles of War, art. 64, et seq; 2 Story, L. U. 
  S. 1000. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, COMMON. The common law is that which derives its force and authority 
  from the universal consent and immemorial practice of the people. It has 
  never received the sanction of the legislature, by an express act, which is 
  the criterion by which it is distinguished from the statute law. It has 
  never been reduced to writing; by this expression, however, it is not meant 
  that all those laws are at present merely oral, or communicated from former 
  ages to the present solely by word of mouth, but that the evidence of our 
  common law is contained in our books of Reports, and depends on the general 
  practice and judicial adjudications of our courts. 
       2. The common law is derived from two sources, the common law of 
  England, and the practice and decision of our own courts. In some states the 
  English common law has been adopted by statute. There is no general rule to 
  ascertain what part of the English common law is valid and binding. To run 
  the line of distinction, is a subject of embarrassment to courts, and the 
  want of it a great perplexity to the student. Kirb. Rep. Pref. It may, 
  however, be observed generally, that it is binding where it has not been 
  superseded by the constitution of the United States, or of the several 
  states, or by their legislative enactments, or varied by custom, and where 
  it is founded in reason and consonant to the genius and manners of the 
  people. 
       3. The phrase "common law" occurs in the seventh article of the 
  amendments of the constitution of the United States. "In suits at common 
  law, where the value in controversy shall not exceed twenty dollar says that 
  article, "the right of trial by jury shall be preserved. The "common law" 
  here mentioned is the common law of England, and not of any particular 
  state. 1 Gall. 20; 1 Bald. 558; 3 Wheat. 223; 3 Pet. R. 446; 1 Bald. R. 
  554. The term is used in contradistinction to equity, admiralty, and 
  maritime law. 3 Pet. 446; 1 Bald. 554. 
       4. The common law of England is not in all respects to be taken as that 
  of the United States, or of the several states; its general principles are 
  adopted only so far as they are applicable to our situation. 2 Pet, 144; 8 
  Pet. 659; 9 Cranch, 333; 9 S. & R. 330; 1 Blackf 66, 82, 206; Kirby, 117; 5 
  Har. & John. 356; 2 Aik. 187; Charlt. 172; 1 Ham. 243. See 5 Cow. 628; 5 
  Pet. 241; 1 Dall. 67; 1 Mass. 61; 9 Pick. 532; 3 Greenl. 162; 6 Greenl. 55; 
  3 Gill & John. 62; Sampson's Discourse before the Historical Society of New 
  York; 1 Gallis. R. 489; 3 Conn. R. 114; 2 Dall. 2, 297, 384; 7 Cranch, R. 
  32; 1 Wheat. R. 415; 3 Wheat. 223; 1 Blackf. R. 205; 8 Pet. R. 658; 5 Cowen, 
  R. 628; 2 Stew. R. 362. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, CRIMINAL. By criminal law is understood that system of laws which 
  provides for the mode of trial of persons charged with criminal offences, 
  defines crimes, and provides for their punishments. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, FOREIGN. By foreign laws are understood the laws of a foreign country. 
  The states of the American Union are for some purposes foreign to each 
  other, and the laws of each are foreign in the others. See Foreign laws. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, MERCHANT. A system of customs acknowledged and taken notice of by all 
  commercial nations; and those customs constitute a part of the general law 
  of the land; and being a part of that law their existence cannot be proved 
  by witnesses, but the judges are bound to take notice of them ex officio. 
  See Beawes' Lex Mercatoria Rediviva; Caines' Lex Mercatoria Americana; Com. 
  Dig. Merchant, D; Chit. Comm. Law; Pardess. Droit Commercial; Collection des 
  Lois Maritimes anterieure au dix hutiŠme siŠcle, par Dupin; Capmany, 
  Costumbres Maritimas; II Consolato del Mare; Us et Coutumes de la Mer; 
  Piantandia, Della Giurisprudenze Maritina Commerciale, Antica e Moderna; 
  Valin, Commentaire sur l'Ordonnance de la Marine, du Mois d'Aout, 1681; 
  Boulay-Paty, Dr. Comm.; Boucher, Institutions au Droit Maritime. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, MUNICIPAL. Municipal law is defined by Mr. Justice Blackstone to be "a 
  rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding 
  what is right and prohibiting what is wrong." This definition has been 
  criticised, and has been perhaps, justly considered imperfect. The latter 
  part has been thought superabundant to the first; see Mr. Christian's note; 
  and the first too general and indefinite, and too limited in its 
  signification to convey a just idea of the subject. See Law, civil. Mr. 
  Chitty defines municipal law to be "a rule of civil conduct, prescribed by 
  the supreme power in a state, commanding what shall be done or what shall 
  not be done." 1 Bl. Com. 44, note 6, Chitty's edit. 
       2. Municipal law, among the Romans, was a law made to govern a 
  particular city or province; this term is derived from the Latin municipium, 
  which among them signified a city which was governed by its own laws, and 
  which had its own magistrates. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, RETROSPECTIVE. A retrospective law is one that is to take effect, in 
  point of time, before it was passed. 
       2. Whenever a law of this kind impairs the obligation of contracts, it 
  is void. 3 Dall. 391. But laws which only vary the remedies, divest no 
  right, but merely cure a defect in proceedings otherwise fair, are valid. 10 
  Serg. & Rawle, 102, 3; 15 Serg. & Rawle, 72. See Ex post facto. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, STATUTE. The written will of the legislature, solemnly expressed 
  according to the forms prescribed by the constitution; an act of the 
  legislature. See Statute. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, UNWRITTEN, or lex non scripta. All the laws which do not come under the 
  definition of written law; it is composed, principally, of the law of 
  nature, the law of nations, the common law, and customs. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, PENAL. One which inflicts a penalty for a violation of its enactment. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, POSITIVE. Positive law, as used in opposition to natural law, may be 
  considered in a threefold point of view. 1. The universal voluntary law, or 
  those rules which are presumed to be law, by the uniform practice of nations 
  in general, and by the manifest utility of the rules themselves. 2. The 
  customary law, or that which, from motives of convenience, has, by tacit, 
  but implied agreement, prevailed, not generally indeed among all nations, 
  nor with so permanent a utility as to become a portion of the universal 
  voluntary law, but enough to have acquired a prescriptive obligation among 
  certain states so situated as to be mutually benefited by it. 1 Taunt. 241. 
  3. The conventional law, or that which is agreed between particular states 
  by express treaty, a law binding on the parties among whom such treaties are 
  in force. 1 Chit. Comm. Law, 28. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, PRIVATE. An act of the legislature which relates to some private 
  matters, which do not concern the public at large. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, PROSPECTIVE. One which provides for, and regulates the future acts of 
  men, and does not interfere in any way with what has past. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, PUBLIC. A public law is one in which all persons have an interest. 
  
  

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  LAW, WRITTEN, or lex scripta. This consists of the constitution of the 
  United States the constitutions of the several states the acts of the 
  different legislatures, as the acts of congress, and of the legislatures of 
  the several states, and of treaties. See Statute. 
  
  

Din dicționarul THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993) :

  LAW, n.
  
      Once Law was sitting on the bench,
          And Mercy knelt a-weeping.
      "Clear out!" he cried, "disordered wench!
          Nor come before me creeping.
      Upon your knees if you appear,
      'Tis plain your have no standing here."
  
      Then Justice came.  His Honor cried:
          "_Your_ status? -- devil seize you!"
      "_Amica curiae,_" she replied --
          "Friend of the court, so please you."
      "Begone!" he shouted -- "there's the door --
      I never saw your face before!"
                                                                    G.J.
  
  

Caută law cu Omnilexica

Produse referitoare la "law"

Contact | Noutăți | Unelte gratuite

Acest site este bazat pe Lexica © 2004-2019 Lucian Velea

www.ro-en.ro trafic.ro

 
Poți promova cultura română în lume: Intră pe www.intercogito.ro și distribuie o cugetare românească într-o altă limbă!