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measure


8 dicționare găsite pentru measure
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  measure \meas"ure\ (m[e^]zh"[-u]r; 135), n. [OE. mesure, F.
     mesure, L. mensura, fr. metiri, mensus, to measure; akin to
     metrum poetical measure, Gr. me`tron, E. meter. Cf.
     Immense, Mensuration, Mete to measure.]
     1. A standard of dimension; a fixed unit of quantity or
        extent; an extent or quantity in the fractions or
        multiples of which anything is estimated and stated;
        hence, a rule by which anything is adjusted or judged.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. An instrument by means of which size or quantity is
        measured, as a graduated line, rod, vessel, or the like.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              False ells and measures be brought all clean adown.
                                                    --R. of
                                                    Gloucester.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The dimensions or capacity of anything, reckoned according
        to some standard; size or extent, determined and stated;
        estimated extent; as, to take one's measure for a coat.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and
              broader than the sea.                 --Job xi. 9.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. The contents of a vessel by which quantity is measured; a
        quantity determined by a standard; a stated or limited
        quantity or amount.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              It is like leaven which a woman took and hid in
              three measures of meal.               --Luke xiii.
                                                    21.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Extent or degree not excessive or beyong bounds;
        moderation; due restraint; esp. in the phrases, in
        measure; with measure; without or beyond measure.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth
              without measure.                      --Is. v. 14.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Determined extent, not to be exceeded; limit; allotted
        share, as of action, influence, ability, or the like; due
        proportion.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Lord, make me to know mine end, and the measure of
              my days.                              --Ps. xxxix.
                                                    4.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. The quantity determined by measuring, especially in buying
        and selling; as, to give good or full measure.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. Undefined quantity; extent; degree.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              There is a great measure of discretion to be used in
              the performance of confession.        --Jer. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. Regulated division of movement:
        (a) (Dancing) A regulated movement corresponding to the
            time in which the accompanying music is performed;
            but, especially, a slow and stately dance, like the
            minuet.
        (b) (Mus.) (1) The group or grouping of beats, caused by
            the regular recurrence of accented beats. (2) The
            space between two bars. See Beat, Triple,
            Quadruple, Sextuple, Compound time, under
            Compound, a., and Figure.
        (c) (Poetry) The manner of ordering and combining the
            quantities, or long and short syllables; meter;
            rhythm; hence, a foot; as, a poem in iambic measure.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     10. (Arith.) A number which is contained in a given number a
         number of times without a remainder; as in the phrases,
         the common measure, the greatest common measure, etc., of
         two or more numbers; a denominator. See common
         denominator under denominator.
         [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     11. A step or definite part of a progressive course or
         policy; a means to an end; an act designed for the
         accomplishment of an object; as, political measures;
         prudent measures; an inefficient measure.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               His majesty found what wrong measures he had taken
               in the conferring that trust, and lamented his
               error.                               --Clarendon.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     12. The act of measuring; measurement. --Shak.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     13. pl. (Geol.) Beds or strata; as, coal measures; lead
         measures.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     linear measure, lineal measure, or long measure,
        measure of length; the measure of lines or distances.
  
     Liquid measure, the measure of liquids.
  
     Square measure, the measure of superficial area of surfaces
        in square units, as inches, feet, miles, etc.
  
     To have hard measure, to have harsh treatment meted out to
        one; to be harshly or oppressively dealt with.
  
     To take measures, to make preparations; to provide means.
        
  
     To take one's measure, to measure one, as for a garment;
        hence, to form an opinion of one's disposition, character,
        ability, etc.
  
     To tread a measure, to dance in the style so called. See 9
         (a) .
             [1913 Webster]
  
                   Say to her, we have measured many miles
                   To tread a measure with her on this grass.
                                                    --Shak.
             [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Measure \Meas"ure\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Measured; p. pr. & vb.
     n. Measuring.] [F. mesurer, L. mensurare. See Measure,
     n.]
     1. To ascertain by use of a measuring instrument; to compute
        or ascertain the extent, quantity, dimensions, or capacity
        of, by a certain rule or standard; to take the dimensions
        of; hence, to estimate; to judge of; to value; to
        appraise.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Great are thy works, Jehovah, infinite
              Thy power! what thought can measure thee? --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To serve as the measure of; as, the thermometer measures
        changes of temperature.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To pass throught or over in journeying, as if laying off
        and determining the distance.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A true devoted pilgrim is not weary
              To measure kingdoms with his feeble steps. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. To adjust by a rule or standard.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              To secure a contented spirit, measure your desires
              by your fortunes, not your fortunes by your desires.
                                                    --Jer. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. To allot or distribute by measure; to set off or apart by
        measure; -- often with out or off.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to
              you again.                            --Matt. vii.
                                                    2.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              That portion of eternity which is called time,
              measured out by the sun.              --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     To measure swords with one, to try another's skill in the
        use of the sword; hence, figuratively, to match one's
        abilities against an antagonist's.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Measure \Meas"ure\, v. i.
     1. To make a measurement or measurements.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To result, or turn out, on measuring; as, the grain
        measures well; the pieces measure unequally.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To be of a certain size or quantity, or to have a certain
        length, breadth, or thickness, or a certain capacity
        according to a standard measure; as, cloth measures three
        fourths of a yard; a tree measures three feet in diameter.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  measure
       n 1: the act or process of measuring; "the measurements were
            carefully done"; "his mental measurings proved
            remarkably accurate" [syn: measurement, measuring, mensuration]
       2: a basis for comparison; a reference point against which
          other things can be evaluated; "they set the measure for
          all subsequent work" [syn: standard, criterion, touchstone]
       3: how much there is of something that you can quantify [syn: quantity,
           amount]
       4: any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal; "the
          situation called for strong measures"; "the police took
          steps to reduce crime" [syn: step]
       5: a statute in draft before it becomes law; "they held a
          public hearing on the bill" [syn: bill]
       6: (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse [syn: meter,
           metre, beat, cadence]
       7: musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats;
          "the orchestra omitted the last twelve bars of the song"
          [syn: bar]
       8: measuring instrument having a sequence of marks at regular
          intervals; used as a reference in making measurements
          [syn: measuring stick, measuring rod]
       v 1: determine the measurements of something or somebody, take
            measurements of; "Measure the length of the wall" [syn:
            mensurate, measure out]
       2: express as a number or measure or quantity; "Can you
          quantify your results?" [syn: quantify]
       3: have certain dimensions; "This table surfaces measures
          20inches by 36 inches"
       4: place a value on; judge the worth of something; "I will have
          the family jewels appraised by a professional" [syn: evaluate,
           valuate, assess, appraise, value]

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  864 Moby Thesaurus words for "measure":
     A, Alexandrine, Spenserian stanza, Stabreim, a, accent,
     accent mark, accentuation, accommodate, accommodation,
     accomplished fact, accomplishment, accord, achievement, acreage,
     act, acta, action, ad hoc measure, adapt, add, additionally,
     adjust, adjust to, adventure, air, algebraize, alliterative meter,
     allocate, allot, allotment, allowance, amount, amphibrach,
     amphimacer, amplitude, anacrusis, analogize, anapest,
     angstrom unit, answer, antispast, antistrophe, apportion,
     apportionment, appraisal, appraise, appraisement, appreciate,
     approach, approximation, area, aria, arsis, artifice, as a bonus,
     ascertain, assay, assess, assessment, assign, assimilate, assize,
     assizement, astronomical unit, attain, attune, avenue, bacchius,
     badge, balance, banner, bar, barometer, barrel, bass passage,
     batch, be equal to, be up to, beat, beauty, benchmark, besides,
     big end, bigger half, bigness, bill, bit, bite, block, blow, body,
     book, bound, bourdon, breadth, bridge, bring into analogy,
     bring into comparison, budget, bulk, bunch, burden, bushel, bylaw,
     ca, cadence, cadency, caesura, calculate, calculation, caliber,
     calibrate, caliper, call, call off, call over, call the roll,
     canon, canto, cantus, capacity, cast, catalexis, census, centare,
     centimeter, chain, character, characteristic, check,
     check a parameter, chloriamb, chloriambus, chorus, chunk, cipher,
     class, clutch, coda, colon, commission, compare,
     compare and contrast, compare with, compass, computation, compute,
     concinnity, confront, constraint, content, contingent, continuum,
     contrast, contrivance, control, coordinate, cord, cordage,
     correction, count, countermove, counterpoint, counterpose, coup,
     couplet, course, course of action, cover, coverage, cretic,
     criterion, cubic foot, cubic meter, cubit, cup, custos, cut,
     cut the mustard, cut to, dactyl, dactylic hexameter, deal,
     deal out, dealings, decaliter, decameter, decastere, deciliter,
     decimeter, decrease, decree, deed, degree, dekameter, delimit,
     delimitate, demarche, depth, descant, destiny, determination,
     determine, development, device, diaeresis, dial, diameter,
     diapason, dictate, dictation, differentia, dimension, dimensions,
     dimeter, dipody, direct, direction, dispense, disperse, distance,
     distich, distribute, divide, dividend, division, dkl, do, dochmiac,
     dodge, doing, doings, dole, dole out, dope out, dose, dot,
     draw a comparison, draw a parallel, drop, dry pint, earmark, edict,
     effort, elegiac, elegiac couplet, elegiac pentameter, ell, em,
     emphasis, emptiness, empty space, en, enactment, end, endeavor,
     enlarge, enterprise, enumerate, envoi, epitrite, epode, equal,
     equal share, equalize, equilibrium, estimate, estimation, euphony,
     evaluate, evaluation, expanse, expansion, expedient, exploit,
     exposition, expression mark, extension, extent, extract roots,
     extreme, fait accompli, fate, fathom, feat, feminine caesura,
     fermata, field, fifth, figure, figure in, figure out, figure up,
     find out, finger, fit, fix, folderol, foliate, foot, footstep,
     force, forearming, forehandedness, foresight, foresightedness,
     forethought, forethoughtfulness, form, form an estimate, formality,
     formula, formulary, fur, furlong, furthermore, gage,
     galactic space, gallon, gauge, gauger, gauging, gear to, gest,
     gill, gimmick, girth, give an appreciation, give out, go, go over,
     gob, grade, graduate, graduated scale, greatness, group, guess, ha,
     half, hallmark, halver, hand, hand out, handiwork, harmonic close,
     harmonize, harmony, heap, hectare, height, helping, heptameter,
     heptapody, heptastich, heroic couplet, hexameter, hexapody,
     hexastich, hogshead, hold, homologate, homologize, hunk, iamb,
     iambic, iambic pentameter, ictus, idiosyncrasy, image,
     improvisation, in addition, inch, increase, index, indicant,
     indicator, infinite space, infinity, insignia, institution,
     instrument, instrumentation, insurance, interest, interlude,
     intermezzo, interstellar space, interval, into the bargain,
     introductory phrase, ionic, issue, jeroboam, jigger, jingle, job,
     judge, jury-rig, jury-rigged expedient, jus, key signature, key to,
     keynote, kiloliter, kilometer, large amount, largeness,
     last expedient, last resort, last shift, law, lay, lay off, lead,
     league, leap, legislation, length, lengthiness, level, lex,
     ligature, light-year, liken, liken to, lilt, limit, limitation,
     line, linear measures, link, litmus test, long time, longitude,
     longness, lot, magnitude, magnum, make an estimation, make plumb,
     make the grade, make uniform, makeshift, maneuver, mark, mark off,
     mark out, masculine caesura, mass, match, matter, means,
     measure against, measure out, measure up to, measuredness,
     measurement, measurer, measures, measuring, meed, meet, melodia,
     melodic line, melody, mensurate, mensuration, mess, metaphorize,
     mete, mete out, meter, method, metric system, metrical accent,
     metrical foot, metrical group, metrical pattern, metrical unit,
     metrics, metron, metronomic mark, micron, mil, mile, mileage,
     milliliter, minim, model, moderateness, moderation, modicum,
     moiety, molossus, monostich, mora, moreover, motif, motion, move,
     movement, multiply, musical phrase, musical sentence, myriameter,
     nail, norm, notation, notch, note, nothingness, nuance, number,
     numbers, numerate, octastich, octave, octet, operation, oppose,
     order, orderedness, ordinance, ordonnance, ornament, ottava rima,
     outer space, overall length, overpass, overt act, pace, pace off,
     pack, paeon, page, paginate, palm, parallel, parameter, parcel,
     parcel out, parsec, part, pas, pass out, pass over, pass through,
     passage, patrol, pattern, pause, peck, peculiarity, peg,
     pentameter, pentapody, pentastich, perambulate, percentage, perch,
     peregrinate, pererrate, performance, period, perpetuity, phrase,
     pica, picture, piece, pint, pis aller, pitch, place against, plan,
     plane, plateau, plumb, ply, point, pole, poll, pony, portion,
     poundage, precaution, precautions, precautiousness, presa,
     prescript, prescription, preventive measure, prize, probe,
     procedure, proceeding, proceleusmatic, process, production,
     project, property, proportion, proportions, proposal, proposition,
     prosodic pattern, prosody, protection, providence, provision,
     put in tune, pyrrhic, quantification, quantify, quantitative meter,
     quantity, quantization, quantize, quantum, quart, quatrain, quota,
     radius, rake-off, range, range over, rank, rate, rating, ratio,
     ration, reach, reading, readout, reckon, reconcile, reconnoiter,
     rectify, reduce, refrain, regulate, regulation, relate, remove,
     representation, representative, res gestae, resolution, resort,
     resource, response, restraint, rhyme, rhyme royal, rhythm,
     rhythmic pattern, right, ritornello, rod, rood, room, round,
     rubric, rule, ruling, run a comparison, run over, rung, safeguard,
     scale, scanning, scansion, scope, score, scour, scour the country,
     scout, seal, section, segment, segno, septet, sestet, set,
     set in contrast, set in opposition, set off against,
     set over against, set right, sextet, shade, shadow, shake-up,
     share, share out, shift, sigil, sign, signal, signature,
     similarize, similize, size, size up, slice, slur, small amount,
     small share, solo, solo part, solution, song, soprano part, sort,
     sound, space, span, spatial extension, sphere, spondee, spread,
     spread about, sprung rhythm, square inch, stair, stake, stamp,
     standard, standing order, stanza, statement, statute, stave, step,
     steps, steps and measures, stint, stock, stopgap, stowage, strain,
     stratagem, strength, stress, stretch, stride, stroke,
     stroke of policy, strophe, stunt, substance, subtract, sum,
     superficial extension, sure sign, surface, survey, surveying,
     sweep, sweetness, swell, swing, syllabic meter, syllable, symbol,
     symmetry, symptom, sync, synchronize, system, syzygy, tablespoon,
     tactic, tactics, tailor, take a reading, take account of, tally,
     teaspoon, technique, telemetering, telemetry, tell, telltale sign,
     tempo mark, temporary expedient, tercet, terza rima, test,
     tetrameter, tetrapody, tetraseme, tetrastich, theme, thesis, thing,
     thing done, tie, time, time signature, to boot, tonnage,
     touchstone, tour de force, township, track, tract, trait,
     transaction, transit, travel over, travel through, traverse, tread,
     treble, triangulate, triangulation, tribrach, trick, trim to,
     trimeter, triplet, tripody, triseme, tristich, trochee, true,
     true up, trump, tune, turn, tutti, tutti passage, type,
     undertaking, valuate, valuation, value, variation, vers libre,
     verse, versification, view together, vinculum, void, volume,
     voyage, warble, wavelength, way, weigh, weigh against, weight,
     whole, width, work, work out, working hypothesis,
     working proposition, works, yard, yardage, yardstick  
     
Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  measure
       
           To ascertain or appraise by comparing to a
          standard; to apply a metric.
       
          (1996-12-27)
       
       

Din dicționarul Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Measure
     Several words are so rendered in the Authorized Version. (1.)
     Those which are indefinite. (a) Hok, Isa. 5:14, elsewhere
     "statute." (b) Mad, Job 11:9; Jer. 13:25, elsewhere "garment."
     (c) Middah, the word most frequently thus translated, Ex. 26:2,
     8, etc. (d) Mesurah, Lev. 19:35; 1 Chr. 23:29. (e) Mishpat, Jer.
     30:11, elsewhere "judgment." (f) Mithkoneth and token, Ezek.
     45:11. (g) In New Testament metron, the usual Greek word thus
     rendered (Matt. 7:2; 23:32; Mark 4:24).
     
       (2.) Those which are definite. (a) 'Eyphah, Deut. 25:14, 15,
     usually "ephah." (b) Ammah, Jer. 51:13, usually "cubit." (c)
     Kor, 1 Kings 4:22, elsewhere "cor;" Greek koros, Luke 16:7. (d)
     Seah, Gen. 18:6; 1 Sam. 25:18, a seah; Greek saton, Matt. 13:33;
     Luke 13:21. (e) Shalish, "a great measure," Isa. 40:12;
     literally a third, i.e., of an ephah. (f) In New Testament
     batos, Luke 16:6, the Hebrew "bath;" and choinix, Rev. 6:6, the
     choenix, equal in dry commodities to one-eighth of a modius.
     

Din dicționarul Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  MEASURE. That which is used as a rule to determine a quantity. A certain 
  quantity of something, taken for a unit, and which expresses a relation with 
  other quantities of the same thing. 
       2. The constitution of the United States gives power to congress to 
  "fix the standard of weights and measures." Art. 1, B. 8. Hitherto this has 
  remained as a dormant power, though frequently brought before the attention 
  of congress. 
       3. The states, it seems, possess the power to legislate on this 
  subject, or, at least, the existing standards at the adoption of the 
  constitution remain in full force. 3 Sto. Const. 21; Rawle on the Const. 
  102. 
       4. By a resolution of congress, of the 14th of June, 1836, the 
  secretary of the treasury is directed to cause a complete set of all weights 
  and measures adopted as standards, and now either made or in the progress of 
  manufacture, for the use of the several custom-houses and for other 
  purposes, to be delivered to the governor of each state in the Union, or to 
  such person as he may appoint, for the use of the states respectively, to 
  the end that an uniform standard of weights and measures may be established 
  throughout the United States. 
       5. Measures are either, 1. Of length. 2. Of surface. 3. Of solidity or 
  capacity. 4. Of force or gravity, or what is commonly called weight. (q.v.) 
  5. Of angles. 6. Of time. The measures now used in the United States, are 
  the same as those of England, and are as follows 
  
                             1. MEASURES OF LENGTH.
  
                    12 inches = 1 foot
                       3 feet = 1 yard
                  5 1/2 yards = 1 rod or pole
                     40 poles = 1 furlong
                   8 furlongs = 1 mile 
                69 1/15 miles = 1 degree of a great circle of the earth
  
       An inch is the smallest lineal measure to which a name is given, but 
  subdivisions are used for many purposes. Among mechanics, the inch is 
  commonly divided into eighths. By the officers of the revenue and by 
  scientific persons, it is divided into tenths, hundredths, &c. Formerly it 
  was made to consist of twelve parts called lines, but these have fallen into 
  disuse. 
  
                         Particular measures of length.
  
       1st. Used for measuring cloth of all kinds. 
          1 nail = 2 1/4 inches
       1 quarter = 4 inches 
          1 yard = 4 quarters
           1 ell = 5 quarters
   
       2d. used for the height of horses.
          1 hand = 4 inches
  
     3d. Used in measuring depths.
        1 fathom = 6 feet
   
       4th. Used in land measure, to facilitate computation of the contents, 
  10 square chains being equal to an acre. 
   
          1 link = 7 92/100 inches
         1 chain = 100 links
  
                          6.-2. MEASURES OF SURFACE.
  
              144 square inches = 1 square foot
                  9 square feet = 1 square yard
            30 1/4 square yards = 1 perch or rod
                     40 perches = 1 rood
         4 roods or 160 perches = 1 acre
                      640 acres = 1 square mile
  
                   7.-3. MEASURES OF SOLIDITY AND CAPACITY.
  
    1st. Measures of solidity.
  
    1728 cubic inches = 1 cubic foot
        27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard.
  
       2d. Measures of capacity for all liquids, and for all goods, not 
  liquid, except such as are comprised in the next division. 
  
        4 gills = 1 pint = 34 2/3 cubic inches nearly.
        2 pints = 1 quart = 691/2         "       "
       4 quarts = 1 gallon = 277 1/4      "       "
      2 gallons = 1 peck = 554 1/2        "       "
       8 gallons= 1 bushel = 2218 1/2     "       "
      8 bushels = 1 quarter = 10 1/4 cubic feet   "
     5 quarters = 1 load = 51 1/2         "       "
   
       The last four denominations are used only for goods, not liquids. For 
  liquids, several denominations have heretofore been adopted, namely, for 
  beer, the firkin of 9 gallons, the kilderkin of 18, the barrel of 36, the 
  hogshead of 54; and the butt of 108 gallons. For wine or spirits there are 
  the anker, runlet, tierce, hogshead, puncheon, pipe, butt, and tun; these 
  are, however, rather the names of the casks, in which the commodities are 
  imported, than as express any definite number of gallons. It is the practice 
  to gauge all such vessels, and to charge them according to their actual 
  contents. 
  
       3d. Measures of capacity, for coal, lime, potatoes, fruit, and other 
  commodities, sold by heaped measure. 
     2 gallons = 1 peck     = 704 cubic in. nearly.
     8 gallons = 1 bushel   = 28151/2  "     "
     3 bushels = 1 sack     = 41 cubic feet  "
       12 sacks= 1 chaldron = 58 2/3   "     "
  
       8.-4. MEASURES OF WEIGHTS. See art. Weights.
  
       9.-5., ANGULAR MEASURE; or, DIVISION OF THE CIRCLE.
                 60 seconds = 1 minute
                 60 minutes = 1 degree
                 30 degrees = 1 sign 
                 90 degrees = 1 quadrant
   360 degrees, or 12 signs = 1 circumference.
  
   Formerly the subdivisions were carried on by sities; thus, the
  second was divided into 60 thirds, the third into sixty fourths,
  &c. At present, the second is more generally divided decimally into
  tens, hundreds, &c. The degree is frequently so divided.
  
  or                       10.-6. MEASURE OF TIME.
  
                60 seconds = 1 minute
                60 minutes = 1 hour
                  24 hours = 1 day
                    7 days = 1 week
       28 days, or 4 weeks = 1 lunar month
    28, 29, 30, or 31 days = 1 calendar month
        12 calendar months = 1 year
                  365 days = 1 common year
                   366 day = 1 leap year.
  
       The second of time is subdivided like that of angular measure. 
  
                                FRENCH MEASURES.
  
      11. As the French system of weights and measures is the most scientific 
  plan known, and as the commercial connexions of the United States with 
  France are daily increasing, it has been thought proper here to give a short 
  account of that system. 
      12. The fundamental, invariable, and standard measure, by which all 
  weights and measures are formed, is called the metre, a word derived from 
  the Greek, which signifies measure. It is a lineal measure, and is equal to 
  3 feet, 0 inches, 44/1000, Paris measure, or 3 feet, 3 inches, 370/1000  
  English. This unit is divided into ten parts; each tenth, into ten 
  hundredths; each hundredth, into ten thousandths, &c. These divisions, as 
  well as those of all other measures, are infinite. As the standard is to be 
  invariable, something has been sought, from which to make it, which is not 
  variable or subject to any change. The fundamental base of the metre is the 
  quarter of the terrestrial meridian, or the distance from the pole to the 
  equator, which has been divided into ten millions of equal parts, one of 
  which is the length of the metre. All the other measures are formed from the 
  metre, as follows: 
  
                            2. MEASURE OF CAPACITY.
  
      13. The litre. This is the decimetre; or one-tenth part of the cubic 
  metre; that is, if a vase is made of a cubic form, of a decimetre every way, 
  it would be of the capacity of a litre. This is divided by tenths, as the 
  metre. The measures which amount. to more than a single, litre, are counted 
  by tens hundreds, thousands, &c., of litres. 
  
                            3. MEASURES OF WEIGHTS.
  
      14. The gramme. This is the weight of a cubic centimetre of distilled 
  water, at the temperature of zero; that is, if a vase be made of a cubic 
  form, of a hundredth part of a metre every way, and it be filled with 
  distilled water, the weight of that water will be that of the gramme. 
  
                            4. MEASURES OF SURFACES.
  
    15. The arc, used in surveying. This is a square, the sides of which are 
  of the length of ten metres, or what is equal to one hundred square metres. 
  Its divisions are the same as in the precedin

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