dictionar englez roman

scratch


8 dicționare găsite pentru scratch
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Scratch \Scratch\, n.
     1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or
        by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound,
        mark, furrow, or incision.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the
              work.                                 --Moxon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              These nails with scratches deform my breast.
                                                    --Prior.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              God forbid a shallow scratch should drive
              The prince of Wales from such a field as this.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Pugilistic Matches) A line across the prize ring; up to
        which boxers are brought when they join fight; hence,
        test, trial, or proof of courage; as, to bring to the
        scratch; to come up to the scratch. [Cant] --Grose.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. pl. (Far.) Minute, but tender and troublesome,
        excoriations, covered with scabs, upon the heels of horses
        which have been used where it is very wet or muddy. --Law
        (Farmer's Veter. Adviser).
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. A kind of wig covering only a portion of the head.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Billiards)
        (a) A shot which scores by chance and not as intended by
            the player; a fluke. [Cant, U. S.]
        (b) a shot which results in a penalty, such as dropping
            the cue ball in a pocket without hitting another ball.
            [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     6. In various sports, the line from which the start is made,
        except in the case of contestants receiving a distance
        handicap.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
  
     Scratch cradle. See Cratch cradle, under Cratch.
  
     Scratch grass (Bot.), a climbing knotweed ({Polygonum
        sagittatum) with a square stem beset with fine recurved
        prickles along the angles.
  
     Scratch wig. Same as Scratch, 4, above. --Thackeray.
  
     start from scratch to start (again) from the very
        beginning; also, to start without resources.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Scratch \Scratch\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Scratched; p. pr. & vb.
     n. Scratching.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE.
     scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD.
     kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to
     rake, to scratch, Dan. kradse to scratch, to scrape, Icel.
     krota to engrave. Cf. Grate to rub.]
     1. To rub and tear or mark the surface of with something
        sharp or ragged; to scrape, roughen, or wound slightly by
        drawing something pointed or rough across, as the claws,
        the nails, a pin, or the like.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Small sand-colored stones, so hard as to scratch
              glass.                                --Grew.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Be mindful, when invention fails,
              To scratch your head, and bite your nails. --Swift.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To write or draw hastily or awkwardly. "Scratch out a
        pamphlet." --Swift.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To cancel by drawing one or more lines through, as the
        name of a candidate upon a ballot, or of a horse in a
        list; hence, to erase; to efface; -- often with out.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. To dig or excavate with the claws; as, some animals
        scratch holes, in which they burrow.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     To scratch a ticket, to cancel one or more names of
        candidates on a party ballot; to refuse to vote the party
        ticket in its entirety. [U. S.]
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Scratch \Scratch\, v. i.
     1. To use the claws or nails in tearing or in digging; to
        make scratches.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Dull, tame things, . . . that will neither bite nor
              scratch.                              --Dr. H. More.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Billiards) To score, not by skillful play but by some
        fortunate chance of the game. [Cant, U. S.]
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Scratch \Scratch\, a.
     Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or
     no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a
     scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot
     in billiards. [Slang]
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Scratch race, one without restrictions regarding the
        entrance of competitors; also, one for which the
        competitors are chosen by lot.
        [1913 Webster]

Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  scratch
       n 1: an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off [syn: abrasion,
             scrape, excoriation]
       2: a depression scratched or carved into a surface [syn: incision,
           prick, slit, dent]
       3: informal terms for money [syn: boodle, bread, cabbage,
           clams, dinero, dough, gelt, kale, lettuce, lolly,
           lucre, loot, moolah, pelf, shekels, simoleons,
           sugar, wampum]
       4: dry mash for poultry [syn: chicken feed]
       5: a harsh noise made by scraping; "the scrape of violin bows
          distracted her" [syn: scrape, scraping, scratching]
       6: poor handwriting [syn: scribble, scrawl, cacography]
       7: an indication of damage [syn: scrape, scar, mark]
       v 1: cause friction; "my sweater scratches" [syn: rub, fray,
            fret, chafe]
       2: cut the surface of; wear away the surface of [syn: scrape,
           scratch up]
       3: scrape or rub as if to relieve itching; "Don't scratch your
          insect bites!" [syn: rub, itch]

Din dicționarul Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  524 Moby Thesaurus words for "scratch":
     ablation, abort, abrade, abrasion, abrasive, adequate,
     anamorphosis, attrition, autolithograph, bad likeness,
     barbouillage, bark, barley, be a printmaker, belch, bezel,
     bird seed, birthmark, blackhead, blare, blat, blaze, blaze a trail,
     bleb, blemish, blister, bloody, blot, blot out, blotch, bore,
     botch, bran, brand, bray, bread, break, bruise, buffing, bulla,
     burlesque, burn, burnishing, burr, burrow, buzz, cackle, canal,
     canalize, cancel, caricature, cartoon, carve, cash, caste mark,
     casual, cat food, caw, cease, chafe, chafing, chalk, chalk up,
     chamfer, channel, character, charcoal, chase, check, check off,
     checkmark, chicken feed, chink, chip, chips, chirr, chisel,
     chiseling, chop, cicatrix, cicatrize, clang, clangor, clank, clash,
     claw, close, coin, color, comedo, competent, competitive, conclude,
     concussion, copy, corn, corrugate, corrugation, crack, crackle,
     cranny, crater, craunch, crayon, craze, crease, cribble, croak,
     cross out, cross-hatching, crosshatch, crump, crunch, cursoriness,
     cut, dado, damage, dapple, dash, dash off, daub, defacement,
     defect, define, deformation, deformity, dele, delete, delimit,
     delineate, delve, demarcate, demitint, depict, design, determine,
     detrition, diagram, dig, dig out, dike, discolor, discoloration,
     disfiguration, disfigurement, distortion, ditch, do double duty,
     dog food, doodle, dot, dough, draft, draw, dredge, dressing, drill,
     drive, earmark, eatage, efface, eliminate, elucubrate, enchase,
     end, engrave, engravement, engraving, ensilage, epidermis, erase,
     erasure, erosion, etch, etching, excavate, exclude, expunge,
     extempore, exteriority, fault, feed, filing, finish, finish up,
     flash burn, flaw, fleck, flick, flute, fluting, fodder, forage,
     fracture, fray, frazzle, freckle, fret, fretting, furrow, gall,
     galling, gash, gem-engraving, glass-cutting, gloss, glyptic,
     goffer, good enough, gouge, gouge out, grain, grate, grave,
     graving, graze, grazing, greenbacks, grind, grinding, groan,
     groove, growl, grub, grumble, gully, hack, half tint, haphazard,
     hasty, hatch, hatching, hay, hemangioma, hen scratches, hen tracks,
     hickey, hit the ball, hurried, hurt, hustle, impress, imprint,
     impromptu, incise, incision, informal, injure, injury, inscribe,
     inscript, inscription, itch, jack, jangle, jar, jot, keloid, kink,
     lacerate, laceration, lentigo, lesion, limation, limn, line,
     lining, lithograph, lower, lucubrate, macula, maim, make a mark,
     make mincemeat of, make prints, makeshift, mar, mark, mark off,
     mark out, marking, mash, maul, mazuma, meal, mere scratch,
     microgroove, milium, mine, misdraw, mispaint, mole, mortal wound,
     mottle, mutilate, mutilation, needle scar, nevus, nick, no depth,
     no water, notch, oats, obliterate, off the cuff, overwork, paint,
     paint a picture, parody, pasturage, pasture, patch,
     pattes de mouche, pencil, pepper, perorate, pet food, picture,
     picturize, pierce, pimple, pinprick, pit, pleat, plow, pock,
     pockmark, point, polishing, polka dot, port-wine mark,
     port-wine stain, portray, pothookery, pothooks,
     pothooks and hangers, pour it on, prick, prickle, print, provender,
     punch, punctuate, puncture, pustule, quarry, rabbet, rasp, rasping,
     raze, rend, rent, resolve, riddle, rifle, rifling, rift, rind, rip,
     rough, rub, rub off, rub out, rubbing away, ruck, rule out, run,
     rupture, rut, sandblasting, sanding, sap, satisfactory, savage,
     scab, scald, scar, scarification, scarify, scoop, scoop out,
     scorch, score, scoring, scotch, scouring, scrabble, scranch, scrap,
     scrape, scraping, scratch feed, scratch out, scratching, scrawl,
     scribble, scribbling, scrub, scrubbing, scrunch, scuff, sculpture,
     scumble, seal, seam, sebaceous cyst, second-degree burn, shade,
     shallowness, shining, shoaliness, shovel, silage, sink, sketch,
     skin, slash, slashing, slave, slightness, slit, slops, smoothing,
     snarl, snore, sore, spade, speck, speckle, splash, split, splotch,
     sponge, sponge out, spot, sprain, stab, stab wound, stain, stamp,
     stencil, stick, stigma, stigmatize, sting, stipple, stippling,
     stop, strain, straw, strawberry mark, streak, stria, striate,
     striation, strike off, strike out, stripe, sty, sufficient,
     sulcation, sulcus, superficiality, superficies, surface, sweat,
     swill, tattoo, tattoo mark, tear, terminate, third-degree burn,
     thrill, tick, tick off, tingle, tint, tittle, tool, tooling, trace,
     track, trauma, traumatize, travesty, trench, triviality, trough,
     tunnel, twang, twist, type-cutting, underline, underscore,
     unplanned, unpremeditated, unprepared, up to scratch, up to snuff,
     veneer, verruca, vesicle, wale, wampum, warp, wart, watermark,
     weal, wear, wearing away, well-worn groove, welt, wen, wheat,
     whitehead, wind up, wipe out, work hard, work late, work overtime,
     wound, wounds immedicable, wrench, wrinkle  
     
Din dicționarul Jargon File (4.3.1, 29 Jun 2001) :

  scratch 1. [from `scratchpad'] adj. Describes a data structure or
     recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary-use
     purposes; one that can be scribbled on without loss. Usually in the
     combining forms `scratch memory', `scratch register', `scratch disk',
     `scratch tape', `scratch volume'. See also scratch monkey. 2.
     [primarily IBM, also Commodore] vt. To delete (as in a file).
  
  

Din dicționarul The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03) :

  scratch
       
          1. (From "scratchpad") Describes a data structure or recording
          medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary-use
          purposes; one that can be scribbled on without loss.
          Usually in the combining forms "scratch memory", "scratch
          register", "scratch disk", "scratch tape", "scratch volume".
       
          See also scratch monkey.
       
          2. (primarily IBM) To delete (as in a file).
       
          [{Jargon File]
       
          (1994-12-15)
       
       

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