dictionar englez roman

terminal figure


2 dicționare găsite pentru terminal figure
Din dicționarul The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Term \Term\, n. [F. terme, L. termen, -inis, terminus, a
     boundary limit, end; akin to Gr. ?, ?. See Thrum a tuft,
     and cf. Terminus, Determine, Exterminate.]
     1. That which limits the extent of anything; limit;
        extremity; bound; boundary.
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              Corruption is a reciprocal to generation, and they
              two are as nature's two terms, or boundaries.
                                                    --Bacon.
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     2. The time for which anything lasts; any limited time; as, a
        term of five years; the term of life.
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     3. In universities, schools, etc., a definite continuous
        period during which instruction is regularly given to
        students; as, the school year is divided into three terms.
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     4. (Geom.) A point, line, or superficies, that limits; as, a
        line is the term of a superficies, and a superficies is
        the term of a solid.
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     5. (Law) A fixed period of time; a prescribed duration; as:
        (a) The limitation of an estate; or rather, the whole time
            for which an estate is granted, as for the term of a
            life or lives, or for a term of years.
        (b) A space of time granted to a debtor for discharging
            his obligation.
        (c) The time in which a court is held or is open for the
            trial of causes. --Bouvier.
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     Note: In England, there were formerly four terms in the year,
           during which the superior courts were open: Hilary
           term, beginning on the 11th and ending on the 31st of
           January; Easter term, beginning on the 15th of April,
           and ending on the 8th of May; Trinity term, beginning
           on the 22d day of May, and ending on the 12th of June;
           Michaelmas term, beginning on the 2d and ending on the
           25th day of November. The rest of the year was called
           vacation. But this division has been practically
           abolished by the Judicature Acts of 1873, 1875, which
           provide for the more convenient arrangement of the
           terms and vacations.
           In the United States, the terms to be observed by the
           tribunals of justice are prescribed by the statutes of
           Congress and of the several States.
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     6. (Logic) The subject or the predicate of a proposition; one
        of the three component parts of a syllogism, each one of
        which is used twice.
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              The subject and predicate of a proposition are,
              after Aristotle, together called its terms or
              extremes.                             --Sir W.
                                                    Hamilton.
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     Note: The predicate of the conclusion is called the major
           term, because it is the most general, and the subject
           of the conclusion is called the minor term, because it
           is less general. These are called the extermes; and the
           third term, introduced as a common measure between
           them, is called the mean or middle term. Thus in the
           following syllogism, 
           [1913 Webster] Every vegetable is combustible; Every
           tree is a vegetable; Therefore every tree is
           combustible, 
           [1913 Webster] combustible, the predicate of the
           conclusion, is the major term; tree is the minor term;
           vegetable is the middle term.
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     7. A word or expression; specifically, one that has a
        precisely limited meaning in certain relations and uses,
        or is peculiar to a science, art, profession, or the like;
        as, a technical term. "Terms quaint of law." --Chaucer.
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              In painting, the greatest beauties can not always be
              expressed for want of terms.          --Dryden.
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     8. (Arch.) A quadrangular pillar, adorned on the top with the
        figure of a head, as of a man, woman, or satyr; -- called
        also terminal figure. See Terminus, n., 2 and 3.
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     Note: The pillar part frequently tapers downward, or is
           narrowest at the base. Terms rudely carved were
           formerly used for landmarks or boundaries. --Gwilt.
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     9. (Alg.) A member of a compound quantity; as, a or b in a +
        b; ab or cd in ab - cd.
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     10. pl. (Med.) The menses.
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     11. pl. (Law) Propositions or promises, as in contracts,
         which, when assented to or accepted by another, settle
         the contract and bind the parties; conditions.
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     12. (Law) In Scotland, the time fixed for the payment of
         rents.
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     Note: Terms legal and conventional in Scotland correspond to
           quarter days in England and Ireland. There are two
           legal terms -- Whitsunday, May 15, and Martinmas, Nov.
           11; and two conventional terms -- Candlemas, Feb. 2,
           and Lammas day, Aug. 1. --Mozley & W.
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     13. (Naut.) A piece of carved work placed under each end of
         the taffrail. --J. Knowels.
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     In term, in set terms; in formal phrase. [Obs.]
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              I can not speak in term.              --Chaucer.
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     Term fee (Law)
         (a), a fee by the term, chargeable to a suitor, or by law
             fixed and taxable in the costs of a cause for each or
             any term it is in court.
  
     Terms of a proportion (Math.), the four members of which it
        is composed.
  
     To bring to terms, to compel (one) to agree, assent, or
        submit; to force (one) to come to terms.
  
     To make terms, to come to terms; to make an agreement: to
        agree.
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     Syn: Limit; bound; boundary; condition; stipulation; word;
          expression.
  
     Usage: Term, Word. These are more frequently interchanged
            than almost any other vocables that occur of the
            language. There is, however, a difference between them
            which is worthy of being kept in mind. Word is
            generic; it denotes an utterance which represents or
            expresses our thoughts and feelings. Term originally
            denoted one of the two essential members of a
            proposition in logic, and hence signifies a word of
            specific meaning, and applicable to a definite class
            of objects. Thus, we may speak of a scientific or a
            technical term, and of stating things in distinct
            terms. Thus we say, "the term minister literally
            denotes servant;" "an exact definition of terms is
            essential to clearness of thought;" "no term of
            reproach can sufficiently express my indignation;"
            "every art has its peculiar and distinctive terms,"
            etc. So also we say, "purity of style depends on the
            choice of words, and precision of style on a clear
            understanding of the terms used." Term is chiefly
            applied to verbs, nouns, and adjectives, these being
            capable of standing as terms in a logical proposition;
            while prepositions and conjunctions, which can never
            be so employed, are rarely spoken of as terms, but
            simply as words.
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Din dicționarul WordNet (r) 2.0 :

  terminal figure
       n : (architecture) a statue or a human bust or an animal carved
           out of the top of a square pillar; originally used as a
           boundary marker in ancient Rome [syn: terminus, term]

Caută terminal figure cu Omnilexica

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